Eugene, OR

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Population

163,135

0.919% growth

Median Age

34.1


Median Household Income

$47,489

5.86% growth

Poverty Rate

21.7%


Number of Employees

78,627

3.59% growth

Median Property Value

$257,200

4.38% growth

About

In 2017, Eugene, OR had a population of 163k people with a median age of 34.1 and a median household income of $47,489. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Eugene, OR grew from 161,649 to 163,135, a 0.919% increase and its median household income grew from $44,859 to $47,489, a 5.86% increase.

The population of Eugene, OR is 78.6% White Alone, 9.53% Hispanic or Latino, and 4.62% Two or More Races. 11.6% of the people in Eugene, OR speak a non-English language, and 94.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Eugene, OR are University of Oregon (6,571 degrees awarded in 2016), Northwest Christian University (240 degrees), and New Hope Christian College-Eugene (18 degrees).

The median property value in Eugene, OR is $257,200, and the homeownership rate is 48.3%. Most people in Eugene, OR commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 17.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Eugene, OR is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: View from Spencer's Butte, OR

Economy

The economy of Eugene, OR employs 78.6k people. The largest industries in Eugene, OR are Health Care & Social Assistance (12,223 people), Educational Services (11,654 people), and Retail Trade (10,274 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($75,938), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($51,705), and Public Administration ($50,706).

Median household income in Eugene, OR is $47,489. Males in Eugene, OR have an average income that is 1.29 times higher than the average income of females, which is $48,053. The income inequality in Eugene, OR (measured using the Gini index) is 0.469, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$47,489

2017 value

± $1,357

5.86%

1 Year Growth

± 3.84%

Households in Eugene, OR have a median annual income of $47,489, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $44,859 in 2016, which represents a 5.86% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Eugene, OR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the place level, so we are showing data for the Oregon.

$61,970

Average Male Salary

± $1,681

$48,053

Average Female Salary

± $1,355

In 2017, full-time male employees in Eugene, OR made 1.29 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Eugene, OR by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the place level, so we are showing data for the Oregon.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $56,926 ± $5,268

  2. White

    $47,707 ± $1,033

  3. Alaska Native

    $40,267 ± $28,756

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Eugene, OR workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.19 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Eugene, OR by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Eugene, OR is from Oregon.

0.469

2017 Wage GINI

0.471

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Oregon was 0.469 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.411% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Oregon was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Oregon in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Oregon across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 44.05

  2. Census Tract 54

  3. Census Tract 44.04

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Eugene, OR was Census Tract 44.05 with a value of $91,875, followed by Census Tract 54 and Census Tract 44.04, with respective values of $85,172 and $75,221.

The following map shows all of the places in Eugene, OR colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

21.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Eugene, OR (34.2k out of 157k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    26,019 ± 1,335

  2. Hispanic

    3,831 ± 476

  3. Two Or More

    2,986 ± 444

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Eugene, OR is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

78.6k

2017 Value

± 1,951

3.59%

1 Year growth

± 3.32%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Eugene, OR grew at a rate of 3.59%, from 75.9k employees to 78.6k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Eugene, OR, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (10,163 people), Sales & Related Occupations (8,558 people), and Management Occupations (8,079 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Eugene, OR.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Eugene, OR, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (10,163 people), Sales & Related Occupations (8,558 people), and Management Occupations (8,079 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Eugene, OR has an unusually high number of residents working as Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, & Media Occupations (1.66 times higher than expected), Community & Social Service Occupations (1.6 times), and Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (1.57 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Eugene, OR, by median earnings, are Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($79,010), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($74,436), and Healthcare Practitioners & Technical Occupations ($60,646).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

78.6k

2017 Value

± 1,951

3.59%

1 Year growth

± 3.32%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Eugene, OR grew at a rate of 3.59%, from 75.9k employees to 78.6k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Eugene, OR, are Health Care & Social Assistance (12,223 people), Educational Services (11,654 people), and Retail Trade (10,274 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Eugene, OR, though some of these residents may live in Eugene, OR and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Eugene, OR, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (12,223 people), Educational Services (11,654 people), and Retail Trade (10,274 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Eugene, OR has an unusually high number of Educational Services (1.6 times higher than expected), Accommodation & Food Services (1.18 times), and Retail Trade (1.14 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Eugene, OR, by median earnings, are Utilities ($75,938), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($51,705), and Public Administration ($50,706).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Oregon to other states, or from other states to Oregon.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $18.5B

  2. $13.1B

  3. $12.8B

In 2015, the top outbound Oregon product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $18.5B, followed by Electronics with $13.1B and Motorized vehicles and $12.8B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Oregon products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Oregon state.

$134B

2015 Value

$201B

Projected 2045 Value

49.9% growth

In 2015, total outbound Oregon trade was $134B. This is expected to increase 49.9% to $201B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Oregon trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Oregon to other states, or from other states to Oregon.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $26.5B

  2. $17.6B

  3. $2.94B

In 2015, the top outbound Oregon domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Washington with $26.5B, followed by California with $17.6B and Minnesota and $2.94B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Oregon shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91.3% of the population of Eugene, OR has health coverage, with 47.3% on employee plans, 15.9% on Medicaid, 11.3% on Medicare, 15.6% on non-group plans, and 1.19% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Eugene, OR was $8,044 in 2014. This is a 7.73% increase from the previous year ($7,467).

Primary care physicians in Eugene, OR see 1070 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.187% increase from the previous year (1068 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1272 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 226 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Crook County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.2%). Additionally, Linn County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Oregon.

1070 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Oregon see an average of 1070 patients per year. This represents a 0.187% increase from the previous year (1068 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Oregon in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Oregon.

$8,044

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,232

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,185

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,942

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Oregon (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 7.73%, from $7,467 to $8,044.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.65%

Uninsured

47.3%

Employer Coverage

15.9%

Medicaid

11.3%

Medicare

15.6%

Non-Group

1.19%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Eugene, OR declined by 14.1% from 10.1% to 8.65%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Eugene, OR changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.2% prevalence

  2. 13.3% prevalence

  3. 13.3% prevalence

Crook County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Oregon, at 14.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Oregon by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Eugene, OR is home to a population of 163k people, from which 94.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 8.25% of Eugene, OR residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Eugene, OR is composed of 128k White Alone residents (78.6%), 15.5k Hispanic or Latino residents (9.53%), 7.54k Two or More Races residents (4.62%), 6.99k Asian Alone residents (4.29%), 2.81k Black or African American Alone residents (1.72%), 1.12k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.687%), 453 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.278%), and 442 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.271%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Eugene, OR are Spanish or Spanish Creole (8,823 speakers), Chinese (2,271 speakers), and Arabic (854 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

34

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

37

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Eugene, OR was 34.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 34, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 37. But people in Eugene, OR are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Eugene, OR residents was 34.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

8.25%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

8.07%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 8.25% of Eugene, OR residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Eugene, OR was 8.07%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Eugene, OR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    146,430 ± 9,222 people

  2. Vietnam

    21,288 ± 3,573 people

  3. China

    20,489 ± 3,505 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Eugene, OR was Mexico, the natal country of 146,430 Eugene, OR residents, followed by Vietnam with 21,288 and China with 20,489.

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Citizenship

94.8%

2017 Citizenship

94.9%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 94.8% of Eugene, OR residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Eugene, OR was 94.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Eugene, OR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    128k ± 886

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    15.5k ± 1.36k

  3. Two or More Races

    7.54k ± 758

In 2017, there were 8.25 times more White Alone residents (128k people) in Eugene, OR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 15.5k Hispanic or Latino and 7.54k Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Eugene, OR as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    8,823 speakers (5.8%)

  2. Chinese

    2,271 speakers (1.49%)

  3. Arabic

    854 speakers (0.561%)

11.6% of Eugene, OR citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Eugene, OR was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 5.8% of the overall population of Eugene, OR are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 1.49% speak Chinese and 0.561% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    3,274 ± 355

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,639 ± 320

  3. Korea

    891 ± 161

Eugene, OR has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Eugene, OR awarded 6,829 degrees. The student population of Eugene, OR is skewed towards women, with 11,349 male students and 13,065 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Eugene, OR are White (4,534 and 74.5%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (570 and 9.36%), Asian (382 and 6.27%), and Two or More Races (315 and 5.17%).

The largest universities in Eugene, OR by number of degrees awarded are University of Oregon (6,571 and 96.2%), Northwest Christian University (240 and 3.51%), and New Hope Christian College-Eugene (18 and 0.264%).

The most popular majors in Eugene, OR are General Business (554 and 8.11%), General Social Sciences (414 and 6.06%), and General Psychology (388 and 5.68%).

The median tuition costs in Eugene, OR are $21,002 for private four year colleges, and $8,910 and $31,590 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 365 degrees awarded

  2. 554 degrees awarded

  3. 414 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Eugene, OR was General Psychology with 365 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Eugene, OR according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 6,571 degrees awarded

  2. 240 degrees awarded

  3. 18 degrees awarded

$8,910

Median In-State Public

$21,002

Median Private

In 2016, the Eugene, OR institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Oregon with 6,571 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

3,152

Degrees Awarded to Men

3,677

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 3,152 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Eugene, OR, which is 0.857 times less than the 3,677 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Eugene, OR by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    4,534 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    570 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    382 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Eugene, OR were to White students. These 4,534 degrees mean that there were 7.95 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 570 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Eugene, OR was $257,200 in 2017, which is 1.18 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $246,400 to $257,200, a 4.38% increase. The homeownership rate in Eugene, OR is 48.3%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Eugene, OR have an average commute time of 17.2 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Eugene, OR is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$47,489

Median Household Income

± $1,357

67.3k

Number of Households

± 1,671

In 2017, the median household income of the 67.3k households in Eugene, OR grew to $47,489 from the previous year's value of $44,859.

The following chart displays the households in Eugene, OR distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$257,200

2017 Median

± $3,619

$246,400

2016 Median

± $3,989

In 2017, the median property value in Eugene, OR grew to to $257,200 from the previous year's value of $246,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Eugene, OR compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Eugene, OR the largest share of households have a property value in the $250k - $300k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Eugene, OR distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Eugene, OR the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

48.3%

2017 Homeownership

48.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 48.3% of the housing units in Eugene, OR were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 48.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Eugene, OR compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Eugene, OR distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Eugene, OR have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

17.2 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Eugene, OR have a shorter commute time (17.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.43% of the workforce in Eugene, OR have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Eugene, OR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    65.6%

  2. Carpooled

    9.58%

  3. Walked

    7.23%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Eugene, OR was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Walked.

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