Lima, OH

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Population

37,592

0.645% decline

Median Age

33.4


Median Household Income

$32,894

6.27% growth

Poverty Rate

25.8%


Number of Employees

15,728

3.43% growth

Median Property Value

$66,000

0.901% decline

About

In 2017, Lima, OH had a population of 37.6k people with a median age of 33.4 and a median household income of $32,894. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Lima, OH declined from 37,836 to 37,592, a -0.645% decrease and its median household income grew from $30,953 to $32,894, a 6.27% increase.

The population of Lima, OH is 63.7% White Alone, 25.5% Black or African American Alone, and 5.42% Two or More Races. 3.02% of the people in Lima, OH speak a non-English language, and 99.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Lima, OH are University of Northwestern Ohio (1,853 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Lima, OH is $66,000, and the homeownership rate is 45.5%. Most people in Lima, OH commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 16.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Lima, OH is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Lima, OH employs 15.7k people. The largest industries in Lima, OH are Manufacturing (3,103 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,721 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (1,973 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($93,009), Public Administration ($49,018), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($37,872).

Median household income in Lima, OH is $32,894. Males in Lima, OH have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,809. The income inequality in Lima, OH (measured using the Gini index) is 0.461, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$32,894

2017 value

± $2,295

6.27%

1 Year Growth

± 8.07%

Households in Lima, OH have a median annual income of $32,894, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $30,953 in 2016, which represents a 6.27% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Lima, OH compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the place level, so we are showing data for the Ohio.

$61,819

Average Male Salary

± $967

$45,809

Average Female Salary

± $722

In 2017, full-time male employees in Lima, OH made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Lima, OH by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the place level, so we are showing data for the Ohio.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $61,297 ± $5,164

  2. White

    $47,402 ± $598

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $43,729 ± $34,565

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Lima, OH workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.29 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Lima, OH by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Lima, OH is from Ohio.

0.461

2017 Wage GINI

0.461

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Ohio was 0.461 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0776% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Ohio was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Ohio in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Ohio across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 118

  2. Census Tract 131

  3. Census Tract 132

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Lima, OH was Census Tract 118 with a value of $66,926, followed by Census Tract 131 and Census Tract 132, with respective values of $53,750 and $49,241.

The following map shows all of the places in Lima, OH colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

25.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Lima, OH (9.01k out of 34.9k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    4,974 ± 450

  2. Black

    3,170 ± 332

  3. Two Or More

    723 ± 250

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Lima, OH is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

15.7k

2017 Value

± 839

3.43%

1 Year growth

± 7.3%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Lima, OH grew at a rate of 3.43%, from 15.2k employees to 15.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Lima, OH, are Production Occupations (2,265 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,724 people), and Material Moving Occupations (1,586 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Lima, OH.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Lima, OH, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (2,265 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,724 people), and Material Moving Occupations (1,586 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Lima, OH has an unusually high number of residents working as Material Moving Occupations (3.85 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (2.48 times), and Healthcare Support Occupations (1.62 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Lima, OH, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($60,341), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($55,375), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($54,861).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

15.7k

2017 Value

± 839

3.43%

1 Year growth

± 7.3%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Lima, OH grew at a rate of 3.43%, from 15.2k employees to 15.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Lima, OH, are Manufacturing (3,103 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,721 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (1,973 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Lima, OH, though some of these residents may live in Lima, OH and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Lima, OH, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (3,103 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,721 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (1,973 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Lima, OH has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (1.95 times higher than expected), Management of Companies & Enterprises (1.83 times), and Accommodation & Food Services (1.65 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Lima, OH, by median earnings, are Utilities ($93,009), Public Administration ($49,018), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($37,872).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $65.2B

  2. $64.2B

  3. $45.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Ohio product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $65.2B, followed by Motorized vehicles with $64.2B and Machinery and $45.1B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Ohio products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Ohio state.

$614B

2015 Value

$952B

Projected 2045 Value

55% growth

In 2015, total outbound Ohio trade was $614B. This is expected to increase 55% to $952B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Ohio trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $44.3B

  2. $34.5B

  3. $31.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Ohio domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Michigan with $44.3B, followed by Indiana with $34.5B and Pennsylvania and $31.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Ohio shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

88.9% of the population of Lima, OH has health coverage, with 38.5% on employee plans, 29% on Medicaid, 9.35% on Medicare, 10.6% on non-group plans, and 1.43% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Lima, OH was $8,712 in 2014. This is a 5.14% increase from the previous year ($8,286).

Primary care physicians in Lima, OH see 1307 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.538% increase from the previous year (1300 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1656 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 561 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Scioto County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.8%). Additionally, Hocking County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (40.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.

1307 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Ohio see an average of 1307 patients per year. This represents a 0.538% increase from the previous year (1300 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Ohio in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.

$8,712

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,371

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,007

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,038

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Ohio (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.14%, from $8,286 to $8,712.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

11.1%

Uninsured

38.5%

Employer Coverage

29%

Medicaid

9.35%

Medicare

10.6%

Non-Group

1.43%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Lima, OH declined by 18.3% from 13.6% to 11.1%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Lima, OH changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.8% prevalence

  2. 15.9% prevalence

  3. 15.3% prevalence

Scioto County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Ohio, at 16.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Ohio by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Lima, OH is home to a population of 37.6k people, from which 99.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.19% of Lima, OH residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Lima, OH is composed of 23.9k White Alone residents (63.7%), 9.6k Black or African American Alone residents (25.5%), 2.04k Two or More Races residents (5.42%), 1.43k Hispanic or Latino residents (3.81%), 282 Asian Alone residents (0.75%), 195 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.519%), 113 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.301%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Lima, OH are Spanish or Spanish Creole (547 speakers), Vietnamese (107 speakers), and Arabic (68 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

33

Median Native-Born Age

± 1.3

48

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 10.6

In 2017, the median age of all people in Lima, OH was 33.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 33, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 48. But people in Lima, OH are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Lima, OH residents was 33.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.19%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.11%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 1.19% of Lima, OH residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Lima, OH was 1.11%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Lima, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    56,561 ± 5,825 people

  2. Mexico

    44,953 ± 5,195 people

  3. China

    32,750 ± 4,437 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Lima, OH was India, the natal country of 56,561 Lima, OH residents, followed by Mexico with 44,953 and China with 32,750.

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Citizenship

99.4%

2017 Citizenship

99.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.4% of Lima, OH residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Lima, OH was 99.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Lima, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    23.9k ± 591

  2. Black or African American Alone

    9.6k ± 582

  3. Two or More Races

    2.04k ± 326

In 2017, there were 2.49 times more White Alone residents (23.9k people) in Lima, OH than any other race or ethnicity. There were 9.6k Black or African American Alone and 2.04k Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Lima, OH as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    547 speakers (1.55%)

  2. Vietnamese

    107 speakers (0.303%)

  3. Arabic

    68 speakers (0.192%)

3.02% of Lima, OH citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Lima, OH was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 1.55% of the overall population of Lima, OH are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.303% speak Vietnamese and 0.192% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    875 ± 157

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    282 ± 125

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    260 ± 104

Lima, OH has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.1 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Lima, OH awarded 1,853 degrees. The student population of Lima, OH is skewed towards men, with 3,012 male students and 800 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Lima, OH are White (1,298 and 71.2%), followed by Unknown (435 and 23.9%), Hispanic or Latino (49 and 2.69%), and Black or African American (30 and 1.65%).

The largest universities in Lima, OH by number of degrees awarded are University of Northwestern Ohio (1,853 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Lima, OH are Diesel Mechanics Technology (436 and 23.5%), Automobile Mechanics Technology (413 and 22.3%), and High Performance & Custom Engine Technician (247 and 13.3%).

The median tuition costs in Lima, OH are $9,622 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 230 degrees awarded

  2. 375 degrees awarded

  3. 353 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Lima, OH was High Performance & Custom Engine Technician with 230 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Lima, OH according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

1,853 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$9,622

Median Private

In 2016, the Lima, OH institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Northwestern Ohio with 1,853 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,585

Degrees Awarded to Men

268

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,585 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Lima, OH, which is 5.91 times more than the 268 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Lima, OH by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,298 degrees awarded

  2. Unknown

    435 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    49 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Lima, OH were to White students. These 1,298 degrees mean that there were 2.98 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 435 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Lima, OH was $66,000 in 2017, which is 0.303 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $66,600 to $66,000, a 0.901% decrease. The homeownership rate in Lima, OH is 45.5%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Lima, OH have an average commute time of 16.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Lima, OH is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$32,894

Median Household Income

± $2,295

14.3k

Number of Households

± 750

In 2017, the median household income of the 14.3k households in Lima, OH grew to $32,894 from the previous year's value of $30,953.

The following chart displays the households in Lima, OH distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$66,000

2017 Median

± $1,767

$66,600

2016 Median

± $2,032

In 2017, the median property value in Lima, OH declined from to $66,000 from the previous year's value of $66,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Lima, OH compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Lima, OH the largest share of households have a property value in the $60k - $70k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Lima, OH distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Lima, OH the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

45.5%

2017 Homeownership

45.2%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 45.5% of the housing units in Lima, OH were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 45.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Lima, OH compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Lima, OH distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Lima, OH have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

16.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Lima, OH have a shorter commute time (16.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.68% of the workforce in Lima, OH have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Lima, OH compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    81.4%

  2. Carpooled

    10.9%

  3. Walked

    2.55%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Lima, OH was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Walked.

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