Columbia, MO

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Population

118,620

1.24% growth

Median Age

27.6


Median Household Income

$47,236

4.46% growth

Poverty Rate

22.9%


Number of Employees

64,119

2.14% growth

Median Property Value

$185,300

3.75% growth

About

In 2017, Columbia, MO had a population of 119k people with a median age of 27.6 and a median household income of $47,236. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Columbia, MO grew from 117,165 to 118,620, a 1.24% increase and its median household income grew from $45,221 to $47,236, a 4.46% increase.

The population of Columbia, MO is 75.5% White Alone, 10.4% Black or African American Alone, and 5.96% Asian Alone. 9.73% of the people in Columbia, MO speak a non-English language, and 95.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Columbia, MO are University of Missouri-Columbia (8,902 degrees awarded in 2016), Columbia College (177065) (4,816 degrees), and Stephens College (192 degrees).

The median property value in Columbia, MO is $185,300, and the homeownership rate is 46.7%. Most people in Columbia, MO commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 15.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Columbia, MO is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: University of Missouri in Columbia, MO

Economy

The economy of Columbia, MO employs 64.1k people. The largest industries in Columbia, MO are Educational Services (12,434 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (10,927 people), and Retail Trade (7,412 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($73,229), Public Administration ($51,416), and Wholesale Trade ($51,262).

Median household income in Columbia, MO is $47,236. Males in Columbia, MO have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $43,527. The income inequality in Columbia, MO (measured using the Gini index) is 0.462, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$47,236

2017 value

± $1,761

4.46%

1 Year Growth

± 5.12%

Households in Columbia, MO have a median annual income of $47,236, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $45,221 in 2016, which represents a 4.46% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Columbia, MO compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Missouri.

$59,788

Average Male Salary

± $1,357

$43,527

Average Female Salary

± $948

In 2017, full-time male employees in Columbia, MO made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Columbia, MO by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Missouri.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $57,564 ± $7,422

  2. White

    $46,113 ± $833

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $38,513 ± $18,949

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Columbia, MO workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Columbia, MO by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Columbia, MO is from Missouri.

0.462

2017 Wage GINI

0.462

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Missouri was 0.462 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0515% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Missouri was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Missouri in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Missouri across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 12.02

  2. Census Tract 18.05

  3. Census Tract 12.01

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Columbia, MO was Census Tract 12.02 with a value of $97,366, followed by Census Tract 18.05 and Census Tract 12.01, with respective values of $81,934 and $78,289.

The following map shows all of the places in Columbia, MO colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

22.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Columbia, MO (25.2k out of 110k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    17,605 ± 1,016

  2. Black

    3,646 ± 556

  3. Asian

    2,134 ± 336

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Columbia, MO is White, followed by Black and Asian.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

64.1k

2017 Value

± 2,085

2.14%

1 Year growth

± 4.57%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Columbia, MO grew at a rate of 2.14%, from 62.8k employees to 64.1k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Columbia, MO, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (7,862 people), Education, Training, & Library Occupations (7,115 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (6,598 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Columbia, MO.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Columbia, MO, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (7,862 people), Education, Training, & Library Occupations (7,115 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (6,598 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Columbia, MO has an unusually high number of residents working as Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (2.63 times higher than expected), Education, Training, & Library Occupations (1.83 times), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations (1.5 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Columbia, MO, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($68,935), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($60,536), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($57,153).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

64.1k

2017 Value

± 2,085

2.14%

1 Year growth

± 4.57%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Columbia, MO grew at a rate of 2.14%, from 62.8k employees to 64.1k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Columbia, MO, are Educational Services (12,434 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (10,927 people), and Retail Trade (7,412 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Columbia, MO, though some of these residents may live in Columbia, MO and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Columbia, MO, by number of employees, are Educational Services (12,434 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (10,927 people), and Retail Trade (7,412 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Columbia, MO has an unusually high number of Educational Services (2.09 times higher than expected), Accommodation & Food Services (1.49 times), and Finance & Insurance (1.31 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Columbia, MO, by median earnings, are Utilities ($73,229), Public Administration ($51,416), and Wholesale Trade ($51,262).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Missouri to other states, or from other states to Missouri.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $27.7B

  2. $24B

  3. $22.8B

In 2015, the top outbound Missouri product (by dollars) was Pharmaceuticals with $27.7B, followed by Motorized vehicles with $24B and Mixed freight and $22.8B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Missouri products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Missouri state.

$272B

2015 Value

$433B

Projected 2045 Value

59.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Missouri trade was $272B. This is expected to increase 59.4% to $433B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Missouri trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Missouri to other states, or from other states to Missouri.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $31.1B

  2. $13.5B

  3. $9.57B

In 2015, the top outbound Missouri domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Illinois with $31.1B, followed by Kansas with $13.5B and Texas and $9.57B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Missouri shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

93.2% of the population of Columbia, MO has health coverage, with 64.2% on employee plans, 7.11% on Medicaid, 7.16% on Medicare, 13.3% on non-group plans, and 1.4% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Columbia, MO was $8,107 in 2014. This is a 3.14% increase from the previous year ($7,860).

Primary care physicians in Columbia, MO see 1418 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.0706% increase from the previous year (1417 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1806 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 588 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Pemiscot County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.2%). Additionally, DeKalb County and Marion County have the highest prevalence of adult obesity (38.1%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Missouri.

1,418 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Missouri see an average of 1,418 patients per year. This represents a 0.0706% increase from the previous year (1,417 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Missouri in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Missouri.

$8,107

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,354

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,413

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,457

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Missouri (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.14%, from $7,860 to $8,107.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.82%

Uninsured

64.2%

Employer Coverage

7.11%

Medicaid

7.16%

Medicare

13.3%

Non-Group

1.4%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Columbia, MO declined by 4.69% from 7.15% to 6.82%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Columbia, MO changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.2% prevalence

  2. 14.9% prevalence

  3. 14.8% prevalence

Pemiscot County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Missouri, at 15.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Missouri by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Columbia, MO is home to a population of 119k people, from which 95.1% are citizens. As of 2017, 7.85% of Columbia, MO residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Columbia, MO is composed of 89.5k White Alone residents (75.5%), 12.3k Black or African American Alone residents (10.4%), 7.08k Asian Alone residents (5.96%), 5.32k Two or More Races residents (4.49%), 3.81k Hispanic or Latino residents (3.22%), 202 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.17%), 190 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.16%), and 140 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.118%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Columbia, MO are Chinese (2,288 speakers), Spanish or Spanish Creole (2,120 speakers), and Korean (794 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

27

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

36

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.2

In 2017, the median age of all people in Columbia, MO was 27.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 27, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 36. But people in Columbia, MO are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Columbia, MO residents was 27.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

7.85%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

8.1%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 7.85% of Columbia, MO residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Columbia, MO was 8.1%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Columbia, MO compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    41,972 ± 5,012 people

  2. India

    19,111 ± 3,389 people

  3. China

    16,010 ± 3,102 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Columbia, MO was Mexico, the natal country of 41,972 Columbia, MO residents, followed by India with 19,111 and China with 16,010.

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Citizenship

95.1%

2017 Citizenship

94.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 95.1% of Columbia, MO residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Columbia, MO was 94.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Columbia, MO compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    89.5k ± 869

  2. Black or African American Alone

    12.3k ± 749

  3. Asian Alone

    7.08k ± 542

In 2017, there were 7.26 times more White Alone residents (89.5k people) in Columbia, MO than any other race or ethnicity. There were 12.3k Black or African American Alone and 7.08k Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Columbia, MO as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Chinese

    2,288 speakers (2.11%)

  2. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    2,120 speakers (1.96%)

  3. Korean

    794 speakers (0.733%)

9.73% of Columbia, MO citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Columbia, MO was Chinese. 2.11% of the overall population of Columbia, MO are native Chinese speakers. 1.96% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole and 0.733% speak Chinese, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,922 ± 263

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,100 ± 249

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    690 ± 188

Columbia, MO has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.75 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Columbia, MO awarded 14,102 degrees. The student population of Columbia, MO is skewed towards women, with 22,592 male students and 28,234 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Columbia, MO are White (10,016 and 74.6%), followed by Black or African American (1,604 and 11.9%), Hispanic or Latino (706 and 5.26%), and Unknown (385 and 2.87%).

The largest universities in Columbia, MO by number of degrees awarded are University of Missouri-Columbia (8,902 and 63.1%), Columbia College (177065) (4,816 and 34.2%), and Stephens College (192 and 1.36%).

The most popular majors in Columbia, MO are General Studies (1,697 and 12%), General Business (1,437 and 10.2%), and Journalism (659 and 4.67%).

The median tuition costs in Columbia, MO are $18,721 for private four year colleges, and $8,286 and $24,660 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 900 degrees awarded

  2. 549 degrees awarded

  3. 527 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Columbia, MO was General Business with 900 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Columbia, MO according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 8,902 degrees awarded

  2. 4,816 degrees awarded

  3. 192 degrees awarded

$8,286

Median In-State Public

$18,721

Median Private

In 2016, the Columbia, MO institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Missouri-Columbia with 8,902 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

6,134

Degrees Awarded to Men

7,968

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 6,134 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Columbia, MO, which is 0.77 times less than the 7,968 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Columbia, MO by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    10,016 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    1,604 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    706 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Columbia, MO were to White students. These 10,016 degrees mean that there were 6.24 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,604 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Columbia, MO was $185,300 in 2017, which is 0.852 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $178,600 to $185,300, a 3.75% increase. The homeownership rate in Columbia, MO is 46.7%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Columbia, MO have an average commute time of 15.8 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Columbia, MO is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$47,236

Median Household Income

± $1,761

47k

Number of Households

± 1,645

In 2017, the median household income of the 47k households in Columbia, MO grew to $47,236 from the previous year's value of $45,221.

The following chart displays the households in Columbia, MO distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$185,300

2017 Median

± $4,602

$178,600

2016 Median

± $6,521

In 2017, the median property value in Columbia, MO grew to to $185,300 from the previous year's value of $178,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Columbia, MO compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbia, MO the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Columbia, MO distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbia, MO the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

46.7%

2017 Homeownership

47%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 46.7% of the housing units in Columbia, MO were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 47%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Columbia, MO compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Columbia, MO distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Columbia, MO have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

15.8 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Columbia, MO have a shorter commute time (15.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0.987% of the workforce in Columbia, MO have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Columbia, MO compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    76.4%

  2. Carpooled

    10.2%

  3. Walked

    5.19%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Columbia, MO was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Walked.

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