Cumberland, MD

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Population

20,084

1.02% decline

Poverty Rate

24.4%


Median Age

39.5


Median Household Income

$32,825

3.05% growth

Number of Employees

8,046

1.88% decline

Median Property Value

$89,600

2.17% growth

About

In 2017, Cumberland, MD had a population of 20.1k people with a median age of 39.5 and a median household income of $32,825. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Cumberland, MD declined from 20,290 to 20,084, a -1.02% decrease and its median household income grew from $31,855 to $32,825, a 3.05% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Cumberland, MD are White (Non-Hispanic) (88%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (6.51%), Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) (2.8%), White (Hispanic) (1.24%), and Two or More Races (Hispanic) (0.523%). N/A% of the people in Cumberland, MD speak a non-English language, and 98.7% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Cumberland, MD are Allegany College of Maryland (673 degrees awarded in 2017).

The median property value in Cumberland, MD is $89,600, and the homeownership rate is 52.1%. Most people in Cumberland, MD commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 17.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Cumberland, MD is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Tributaries of the Chester River, from front to back: West Fork (Langford Creek), East Fork, mainstem Chester River, Corsica River.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Maryland. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Maryland, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Maryland (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Maryland. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Maryland across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Cumberland, MD employs 8.05k people. The largest industries in Cumberland, MD are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,603 people), Accommodation & Food Services (960 people), and Retail Trade (955 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($51,023), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($50,625), and Public Administration ($50,547).

Median household income in Cumberland, MD is $32,825. Males in Cumberland, MD have an average income that is 1.26 times higher than the average income of females, which is $61,332. The income inequality in Cumberland, MD (measured using the Gini index) is 0.461, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$32,825

2017 value

± $2,135

3.05%

1 Year Growth

± 9.41%

Households in Cumberland, MD have a median annual income of $32,825, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $31,855 in 2016, which represents a 3.05% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Cumberland, MD compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Maryland.

$77,536

Average Male Salary

± $1,629

$61,332

Average Female Salary

± $1,200

In 2017, full-time male employees in Maryland made 1.26 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Maryland by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Maryland.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Alaska Native

    $90,993 ± $115,433

  2. Asian

    $68,448 ± $4,004

  3. White

    $67,584 ± $1,364

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Maryland workers was Alaska Native. These workers were paid 1.33 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Maryland by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Cumberland, MD is from Maryland.

0.461

2017 Wage GINI

0.459

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Maryland was 0.461 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.363% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Maryland was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Maryland in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Maryland across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 6

  2. Census Tract 11

  3. Census Tract 7

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Cumberland, MD was Census Tract 6 with a value of $39,865, followed by Census Tract 11 and Census Tract 7, with respective values of $35,313 and $28,853.

The following map shows all of the places in Cumberland, MD colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

24.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Cumberland, MD (4.73k out of 19.4k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Males 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    3,823 ± 367

  2. Black

    564 ± 184

  3. Two Or More

    313 ± 130

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Cumberland, MD is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

8.05k

2017 Value

± 546

-1.88%

1 Year decline

± 9.75%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cumberland, MD declined at a rate of -1.88%, from 8.2k employees to 8.05k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Cumberland, MD, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,344 people), Sales & Related Occupations (832 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (728 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Cumberland, MD.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Cumberland, MD, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,344 people), Sales & Related Occupations (832 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (728 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Cumberland, MD has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (2.53 times higher than expected), Healthcare Support Occupations (1.74 times), and Community & Social Service Occupations (1.67 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Cumberland, MD, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($89,375), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($70,375), and Legal Occupations ($61,146).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

8.05k

2017 Value

± 546

-1.88%

1 Year decline

± 9.75%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cumberland, MD declined at a rate of -1.88%, from 8.2k employees to 8.05k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Cumberland, MD, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,603 people), Accommodation & Food Services (960 people), and Retail Trade (955 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Cumberland, MD, though some of these residents may live in Cumberland, MD and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Cumberland, MD, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,603 people), Accommodation & Food Services (960 people), and Retail Trade (955 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Cumberland, MD has an unusually high number of Accommodation & Food Services (1.57 times higher than expected), Health Care & Social Assistance (1.44 times), and Public Administration (1.41 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Cumberland, MD, by median earnings, are Utilities ($51,023), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($50,625), and Public Administration ($50,547).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Maryland to other states, or from other states to Maryland.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $21.7B

  2. $19B

  3. $16.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Maryland product (by dollars) was Textiles/leather with $21.7B, followed by Mixed freight ($19B) and Electronics ($16.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Maryland products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Maryland state.

$190B

2020 Value

$243B

Projected 2045 Value

27.8% growth

In 2020, total outbound Maryland trade was $190B. This is expected to increase 27.8% to $243B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Maryland trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Maryland to other states, or from other states to Maryland.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $24.4B

  2. $19.5B

  3. $7.24B

In 2015, the top outbound Maryland domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Virginia with $24.4B, followed by Pennsylvania with $19.5B and New York and $7.24B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Maryland shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.4% of the population of Cumberland, MD has health coverage, with 34.4% on employee plans, 33% on Medicaid, 12.6% on Medicare, 10.7% on non-group plans, and 1.62% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Cumberland, MD was $8,602 in 2014. This is a 4.27% increase from the previous year ($8,250).

Primary care physicians in Cumberland, MD see 1648 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.67% increase from the previous year (1621 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1503 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 405 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Dorchester County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.8%). Additionally, Somerset County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (44.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Allegany County, MD.

1,648 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Allegany County, MD see an average of 1,648 patients per year. This represents a 1.67% increase from the previous year (1,621 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Allegany County, MD in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.

$8,602

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,343

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,677

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,000

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Maryland (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.27%, from $8,250 to $8,602.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.64%

Uninsured

34.4%

Employer Coverage

33%

Medicaid

12.6%

Medicare

10.7%

Non-Group

1.62%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Cumberland, MD declined by 11% from 8.59% to 7.64%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Cumberland, MD changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.8% prevalence

  2. 13.7% prevalence

  3. 13.4% prevalence

Dorchester County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Maryland, at 15.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Maryland by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Cumberland, MD is home to a population of 20.1k people, from which 98.7% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.89% of Cumberland, MD residents were born outside of the country (380 people).

In 2017, there were 13.5 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (17.7k people) in Cumberland, MD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.31k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 562 Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

40

Median Native-Born Age

± 2.1

38

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 14.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Cumberland, MD was 39.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 40, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 38. But people in Cumberland, MD are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Cumberland, MD residents was 41.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.89%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

380 people

2.37%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

481 people

As of 2017, 1.89% of Cumberland, MD residents (380 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Cumberland, MD was 2.37%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Cumberland, MD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Maryland.

Most Common Origin

  1. El Salvador

    107,722 ± 7,985 people

  2. India

    58,285 ± 5,898 people

  3. China

    42,414 ± 5,038 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Maryland was El Salvador, the natal country of 107,722 Maryland residents, followed by India with 58,285 and China with 42,414.

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Citizenship

98.7%

2017 Citizenship

98.4%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.7% of Cumberland, MD residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Cumberland, MD was 98.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Cumberland, MD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Cumberland, MD

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    17.7k ± 309

  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)

    1.31k ± 291

  3. Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic)

    562 ± 202

In 2017, there were 13.5 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (17.7k people) in Cumberland, MD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.31k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 562 Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Cumberland, MD as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    478 ± 106

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    350 ± 128

  3. Korea

    168 ± 58

Cumberland, MD has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.37 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Cumberland, MD awarded 673 degrees. The student population of Cumberland, MD is skewed towards women, with 942 male students and 1,775 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Cumberland, MD are White (594 and 90%), followed by Black or African American (39 and 5.91%), Hispanic or Latino (10 and 1.52%), and Two or More Races (8 and 1.21%).

The largest universities in Cumberland, MD by number of degrees awarded are Allegany College of Maryland (673 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Cumberland, MD are Registered Nursing (98 and 14.6%), Other Liberal Arts & Sciences, General Studies, & Humanities (92 and 13.7%), and Liberal Arts & Sciences (66 and 9.81%).

The median tuition costs in Cumberland, MD are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Cumberland, MD was Registered Nursing with 98 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Cumberland, MD according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

673 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Cumberland, MD institution with the largest number of graduating students was Allegany College of Maryland with 673 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

183

Degrees Awarded to Men

490

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 183 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Cumberland, MD, which is 0.373 times less than the 490 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Cumberland, MD by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    594 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    39 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    10 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Cumberland, MD were to White students. These 594 degrees mean that there were 15.2 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 39 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Cumberland, MD was $89,600 in 2017, which is 0.39 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $87,700 to $89,600, a 2.17% increase. The homeownership rate in Cumberland, MD is 52.1%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Cumberland, MD have an average commute time of 17.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Cumberland, MD is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$89,600

2017 Median

± $4,443

$87,700

2016 Median

± $3,290

In 2017, the median property value in Cumberland, MD grew to to $89,600 from the previous year's value of $87,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Cumberland, MD compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cumberland, MD the largest share of households have a property value in the $70k - $80k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$32,825

Median Household Income

± $2,135

8.44k

Number of Households

± 503

In 2017, the median household income of the 8.44k households in Cumberland, MD grew to $32,825 from the previous year's value of $31,855.

The following chart displays the households in Cumberland, MD distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Cumberland, MD distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cumberland, MD the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

52.1%

2017 Homeownership

52.4%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 52.1% of the housing units in Cumberland, MD were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 52.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Cumberland, MD compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

17.3 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Cumberland, MD have a shorter commute time (17.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.61% of the workforce in Cumberland, MD have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Cumberland, MD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    73.5%

  2. Carpooled

    14.3%

  3. Walked

    6.78%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Cumberland, MD was Drove Alone (73.5%), followed by those who Carpooled (14.3%) and those who Walked (6.78%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Cumberland, MD distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Cumberland, MD have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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