Champaign, IL

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Population

85,710

1.23% growth

Median Age

27.2


Median Household Income

$44,638

1.24% decline

Poverty Rate

26.9%


Number of Employees

43,354

1.02% decline

Median Property Value

$156,700

3.09% growth

About

In 2017, Champaign, IL had a population of 85.7k people with a median age of 27.2 and a median household income of $44,638. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Champaign, IL grew from 84,672 to 85,710, a 1.23% increase and its median household income declined from $45,198 to $44,638, a -1.24% decrease.

The population of Champaign, IL is 61% White Alone, 17.5% Black or African American Alone, and 12.4% Asian Alone. N/A% of the people in Champaign, IL speak a non-English language, and 90.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Champaign, IL are University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (12,994 degrees awarded in 2016) and Parkland College (1,529 degrees).

The median property value in Champaign, IL is $156,700, and the homeownership rate is 44.8%. Most people in Champaign, IL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 15 minutes. The average car ownership in Champaign, IL is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Champaign, IL employs 43.4k people. The largest industries in Champaign, IL are Educational Services (12,033 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (5,412 people), and Retail Trade (4,313 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($75,699), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($52,329), and Public Administration ($48,603).

Median household income in Champaign, IL is $44,638. Males in Champaign, IL have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $52,403. The income inequality in Champaign, IL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.483, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$44,638

2017 value

± $1,881

-1.24%

1 Year Growth

± 6.51%

Households in Champaign, IL have a median annual income of $44,638, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $45,198 in 2016, which represents a -1.24% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Champaign, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

$71,579

Average Male Salary

± $1,160

$52,403

Average Female Salary

± $852

In 2017, full-time male employees in Illinois made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Illinois by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $65,613 ± $3,132

  2. White

    $56,297 ± $776

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $46,947 ± $14,340

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Illinois workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.17 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Illinois by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Champaign, IL is from Illinois.

0.483

2017 Wage GINI

0.481

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Illinois was 0.483 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.351% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Illinois was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Illinois in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Illinois across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 12.04

  2. Census Tract 12.06

  3. Census Tract 12.05

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Champaign, IL was Census Tract 12.04 with a value of $123,750, followed by Census Tract 12.06 and Census Tract 12.05, with respective values of $101,944 and $94,590.

The following map shows all of the places in Champaign, IL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

26.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Champaign, IL (21k out of 78k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 18 - 24, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    11,006 ± 978

  2. Black

    5,358 ± 635

  3. Asian

    3,390 ± 451

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Champaign, IL is White, followed by Black and Asian.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

43.4k

2017 Value

± 1,578

-1.02%

1 Year decline

± 5.12%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Champaign, IL declined at a rate of -1.02%, from 43.8k employees to 43.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Champaign, IL, are Education, Training, & Library Occupations (6,665 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,826 people), and Management Occupations (3,939 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Champaign, IL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Champaign, IL, by number of employees, are Education, Training, & Library Occupations (6,665 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,826 people), and Management Occupations (3,939 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Champaign, IL has an unusually high number of residents working as Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (3.37 times higher than expected), Education, Training, & Library Occupations (2.54 times), and Material Moving Occupations (1.46 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Champaign, IL, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($82,542), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($75,885), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($64,159).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

43.4k

2017 Value

± 1,578

-1.02%

1 Year decline

± 5.12%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Champaign, IL declined at a rate of -1.02%, from 43.8k employees to 43.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Champaign, IL, are Educational Services (12,033 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (5,412 people), and Retail Trade (4,313 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Champaign, IL, though some of these residents may live in Champaign, IL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Champaign, IL, by number of employees, are Educational Services (12,033 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (5,412 people), and Retail Trade (4,313 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Champaign, IL has an unusually high number of Educational Services (2.99 times higher than expected), Information (1.3 times), and Accommodation & Food Services (1.3 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Champaign, IL, by median earnings, are Utilities ($75,699), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($52,329), and Public Administration ($48,603).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $76.6B

  2. $75B

  3. $66.8B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $76.6B, followed by Gasoline ($75B) and Pharmaceuticals ($66.8B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Illinois products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Illinois state.

$871B

2015 Value

$1.31T

Projected 2045 Value

50.5% growth

In 2015, total outbound Illinois trade was $871B. This is expected to increase 50.5% to $1.31T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Illinois trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $63.2B

  2. $48.1B

  3. $32.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Indiana with $63.2B, followed by Wisconsin with $48.1B and Michigan and $32.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Illinois shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

93.6% of the population of Champaign, IL has health coverage, with 59.8% on employee plans, 11.4% on Medicaid, 6.61% on Medicare, 15% on non-group plans, and 0.869% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Champaign, IL was $8,262 in 2014. This is a 4.44% increase from the previous year ($7,911).

Primary care physicians in Champaign, IL see 1240 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.322% decrease from the previous year (1244 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1332 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 526 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.7%). Additionally, Stephenson County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.

1,240 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Illinois see an average of 1,240 patients per year. This represents a 0.322% decrease from the previous year (1,244 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Illinois in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.

$8,262

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,875

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$4,959

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,116

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Illinois (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.44%, from $7,911 to $8,262.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.4%

Uninsured

59.8%

Employer Coverage

11.4%

Medicaid

6.61%

Medicare

15%

Non-Group

0.869%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Champaign, IL declined by 13.4% from 7.39% to 6.4%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Champaign, IL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.7% prevalence

  2. 12.7% prevalence

  3. 12% prevalence

Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Illinois, at 12.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Illinois by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Champaign, IL is home to a population of 85.7k people, from which 90.3% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Champaign, IL residents were born outside of the country (12k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Champaign, IL is composed of 52.3k White Alone residents (61%), 15k Black or African American Alone residents (17.5%), 10.6k Asian Alone residents (12.4%), 5.49k Hispanic or Latino residents (6.4%), 2.08k Two or More Races residents (2.42%), 209 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.244%), 90 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.105%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Champaign, IL are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

26

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.7

31

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Champaign, IL was 27.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 26, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 31. But people in Champaign, IL are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Champaign, IL residents was 28.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2017 Foreign-Born Population

  1. N/A%

    12k people

  2. N/A%

    N/A people

As of 2017, N/A% of Champaign, IL residents (12k people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Champaign, IL was N/A%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Champaign, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    669,904 ± 19,564 people

  2. India

    147,732 ± 9,382 people

  3. Poland

    136,910 ± 9,036 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Illinois was Mexico, the natal country of 669,904 Illinois residents, followed by India with 147,732 and Poland with 136,910.

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Citizenship

90.3%

2017 Citizenship

91%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 90.3% of Champaign, IL residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Champaign, IL was 91%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Champaign, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    52.3k ± 1k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    15k ± 812

  3. Asian Alone

    10.6k ± 613

In 2017, there were 3.49 times more White Alone residents (52.3k people) in Champaign, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 15k Black or African American Alone and 10.6k Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Champaign, IL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Champaign, IL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Champaign, IL was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Champaign, IL are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    938 ± 188

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    554 ± 168

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    345 ± 119

Champaign, IL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.69 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Champaign, IL awarded 14,523 degrees. The student population of Champaign, IL is skewed towards men, with 29,000 male students and 25,520 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Champaign, IL are White (7,511 and 66.2%), followed by Asian (1,721 and 15.2%), Hispanic or Latino (918 and 8.1%), and Black or African American (699 and 6.17%).

The largest universities in Champaign, IL by number of degrees awarded are University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (12,994 and 89.5%) and Parkland College (1,529 and 10.5%).

The most popular majors in Champaign, IL are Accounting (891 and 6.14%), Computer Science (546 and 3.76%), and General Psychology (523 and 3.6%).

The median tuition costs in Champaign, IL are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $14,162 and $30,989 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 485 degrees awarded

  2. 425 degrees awarded

  3. 421 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Champaign, IL was General Psychology with 485 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Champaign, IL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 12,994 degrees awarded

  2. 1,529 degrees awarded

$14,162

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Champaign, IL institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign with 12,994 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

7,570

Degrees Awarded to Men

6,953

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 7,570 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Champaign, IL, which is 1.09 times more than the 6,953 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Champaign, IL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    7,511 degrees awarded

  2. Asian

    1,721 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    918 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Champaign, IL were to White students. These 7,511 degrees mean that there were 4.36 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Asian, with 1,721 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Champaign, IL was $156,700 in 2017, which is 0.72 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $152,000 to $156,700, a 3.09% increase. The homeownership rate in Champaign, IL is 44.8%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Champaign, IL have an average commute time of 15 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Champaign, IL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$44,638

Median Household Income

± $1,881

33.8k

Number of Households

± 1,239

In 2017, the median household income of the 33.8k households in Champaign, IL declined from $44,638 from the previous year's value of $45,198.

The following chart displays the households in Champaign, IL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$156,700

2017 Median

± $4,094

$152,000

2016 Median

± $3,397

In 2017, the median property value in Champaign, IL grew to to $156,700 from the previous year's value of $152,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Champaign, IL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Champaign, IL the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Champaign, IL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Champaign, IL the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

44.8%

2017 Homeownership

46.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 44.8% of the housing units in Champaign, IL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 46.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Champaign, IL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Champaign, IL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Champaign, IL have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

15 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Champaign, IL have a shorter commute time (15 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0.386% of the workforce in Champaign, IL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Champaign, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    65.3%

  2. Walked

    10.6%

  3. Carpooled

    8.47%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Champaign, IL was Drove Alone (65.3%), followed by those who Walked (10.6%) and those who Carpooled (8.47%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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