Hilo, HI

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Population

45,703

0.272% growth

Median Age

40


Median Household Income

$57,151

2.39% growth

Poverty Rate

19%


Number of Employees

20,062

1.52% growth

Median Property Value

$305,900

2.48% growth

About

In 2017, Hilo, HI had a population of 45.7k people with a median age of 40 and a median household income of $57,151. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Hilo, HI grew from 45,579 to 45,703, a 0.272% increase and its median household income grew from $55,815 to $57,151, a 2.39% increase.

The population of Hilo, HI is 32.1% Asian Alone, 31.4% Two or More Races, and 15.7% White Alone. N/A% of the people in Hilo, HI speak a non-English language, and 96.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Hilo, HI are University of Hawaii at Hilo (893 degrees awarded in 2016) and Hawaii Community College (693 degrees).

The median property value in Hilo, HI is $305,900, and the homeownership rate is 61%. Most people in Hilo, HI commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 16.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Hilo, HI is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Hilo, HI employs 20.1k people. The largest industries in Hilo, HI are Educational Services (2,922 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,354 people), and Retail Trade (2,321 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($54,286), Public Administration ($45,788), and Information ($41,337).

Median household income in Hilo, HI is $57,151. Males in Hilo, HI have an average income that is 1.22 times higher than the average income of females, which is $49,061. The income inequality in Hilo, HI (measured using the Gini index) is 0.427, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$57,151

2017 value

± $2,733

2.39%

1 Year Growth

± 7.09%

Households in Hilo, HI have a median annual income of $57,151, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $55,815 in 2016, which represents a 2.39% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Hilo, HI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Hawaii.

$60,071

Average Male Salary

± $2,306

$49,061

Average Female Salary

± $1,981

In 2017, full-time male employees in Hawaii made 1.22 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Hawaii by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Hawaii.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $58,672 ± $3,390

  2. American Indian

    $48,824 ± $29,202

  3. Asian

    $47,103 ± $2,061

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Hawaii workers was White. These workers were paid 1.2 times more than American Indian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Hawaii by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Hilo, HI is from Hawaii.

0.427

2017 Wage GINI

0.426

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Hawaii was 0.427 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.183% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Hawaii was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Hawaii in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Hawaii across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 208.01

  2. Census Tract 207.02

  3. Census Tract 208.02

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Hilo, HI was Census Tract 208.01 with a value of $77,424, followed by Census Tract 207.02 and Census Tract 208.02, with respective values of $69,557 and $67,844.

The following map shows all of the places in Hilo, HI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

19% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Hilo, HI (8.49k out of 44.6k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Two Or More

    3,642 ± 507

  2. White

    2,220 ± 420

  3. Hispanic

    1,769 ± 412

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Hilo, HI is Two Or More, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

20.1k

2017 Value

± 997

1.52%

1 Year growth

± 6.88%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Hilo, HI grew at a rate of 1.52%, from 19.8k employees to 20.1k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Hilo, HI, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,794 people), Sales & Related Occupations (2,347 people), and Education, Training, & Library Occupations (1,937 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Hilo, HI.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Hilo, HI, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,794 people), Sales & Related Occupations (2,347 people), and Education, Training, & Library Occupations (1,937 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Hilo, HI has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (1.65 times higher than expected), Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (1.64 times), and Education, Training, & Library Occupations (1.6 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Hilo, HI, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($80,769), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($74,632), and Legal Occupations ($71,293).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

20.1k

2017 Value

± 997

1.52%

1 Year growth

± 6.88%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Hilo, HI grew at a rate of 1.52%, from 19.8k employees to 20.1k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Hilo, HI, are Educational Services (2,922 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,354 people), and Retail Trade (2,321 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Hilo, HI, though some of these residents may live in Hilo, HI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Hilo, HI, by number of employees, are Educational Services (2,922 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,354 people), and Retail Trade (2,321 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Hilo, HI has an unusually high number of Public Administration (2.21 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.79 times), and Utilities (1.7 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Hilo, HI, by median earnings, are Utilities ($54,286), Public Administration ($45,788), and Information ($41,337).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Hawaii to other states, or from other states to Hawaii.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $5.01B

  2. $4.24B

  3. $2.33B

In 2015, the top outbound Hawaii product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $5.01B, followed by Gasoline ($4.24B) and Mixed freight ($2.33B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Hawaii products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Hawaii state.

$24.9B

2015 Value

$32.8B

Projected 2045 Value

31.8% growth

In 2015, total outbound Hawaii trade was $24.9B. This is expected to increase 31.8% to $32.8B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Hawaii trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Hawaii to other states, or from other states to Hawaii.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $1.29B

  2. $68.4M

  3. $68.1M

In 2015, the top outbound Hawaii domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was California with $1.29B, followed by Texas with $68.4M and Washington and $68.1M.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Hawaii shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

95.7% of the population of Hilo, HI has health coverage, with 47.8% on employee plans, 19.6% on Medicaid, 12.8% on Medicare, 14.2% on non-group plans, and 1.26% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Hilo, HI was $7,299 in 2014. This is a 4.95% increase from the previous year ($6,955).

Primary care physicians in Hilo, HI see 1146 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.951% decrease from the previous year (1157 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1175 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 444 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Kalawao County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (11.2%). Additionally, Maui County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (22.9%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Hawaii.

1,146 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Hawaii see an average of 1,146 patients per year. This represents a 0.951% decrease from the previous year (1,157 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Hawaii in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Hawaii.

$7,299

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,222

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,087

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,592

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Hawaii (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.95%, from $6,955 to $7,299.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

4.33%

Uninsured

47.8%

Employer Coverage

19.6%

Medicaid

12.8%

Medicare

14.2%

Non-Group

1.26%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Hilo, HI declined by 10.3% from 4.83% to 4.33%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Hilo, HI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 11.2% prevalence

  2. 9.1% prevalence

  3. 8.5% prevalence

Kalawao County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Hawaii, at 11.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Hawaii by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Hilo, HI is home to a population of 45.7k people, from which 96.6% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Hilo, HI residents were born outside of the country (3.43k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Hilo, HI is composed of 14.7k Asian Alone residents (32.1%), 14.3k Two or More Races residents (31.4%), 7.19k White Alone residents (15.7%), 5.12k Hispanic or Latino residents (11.2%), 3.99k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (8.72%), 323 Black or African American Alone residents (0.707%), 58 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.127%), and 36 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0788%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Hilo, HI are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

39

Median Native-Born Age

± 1.9

48

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3

In 2017, the median age of all people in Hilo, HI was 40. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 48. But people in Hilo, HI are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Hilo, HI residents was 41.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2017 Foreign-Born Population

  1. N/A%

    3.43k people

  2. N/A%

    N/A people

As of 2017, N/A% of Hilo, HI residents (3.43k people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Hilo, HI was N/A%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Hilo, HI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Hawaii.

Most Common Origin

  1. Philippines

    116,964 ± 8,044 people

  2. Japan

    22,604 ± 3,662 people

  3. China

    18,529 ± 3,320 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Hawaii was Philippines, the natal country of 116,964 Hawaii residents, followed by Japan with 22,604 and China with 18,529.

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Citizenship

96.6%

2017 Citizenship

96%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 96.6% of Hilo, HI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Hilo, HI was 96%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Hilo, HI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Asian Alone

    14.7k ± 1.09k

  2. Two or More Races

    14.3k ± 1.32k

  3. White Alone

    7.19k ± 696

In 2017, there were 1.02 times more Asian Alone residents (14.7k people) in Hilo, HI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 14.3k Two or More Races and 7.19k White Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Hilo, HI as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Hilo, HI citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Hilo, HI was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Hilo, HI are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,217 ± 193

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    430 ± 175

  3. Korea

    316 ± 111

Hilo, HI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.83 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Hilo, HI awarded 1,586 degrees. The student population of Hilo, HI is skewed towards women, with 2,560 male students and 4,062 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Hilo, HI are Two or More Races (492 and 31.9%), followed by Asian (415 and 26.9%), White (293 and 19%), and Hispanic or Latino (170 and 11%).

The largest universities in Hilo, HI by number of degrees awarded are University of Hawaii at Hilo (893 and 56.3%) and Hawaii Community College (693 and 43.7%).

The most popular majors in Hilo, HI are Liberal Arts & Sciences (280 and 17.7%), Pharmacy (169 and 10.7%), and Registered Nursing (91 and 5.74%).

The median tuition costs in Hilo, HI are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $7,200 and $20,160 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 63 degrees awarded

  2. 83 degrees awarded

  3. 70 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Hilo, HI was Registered Nursing with 63 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Hilo, HI according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 893 degrees awarded

  2. 693 degrees awarded

$7,200

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Hilo, HI institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Hawaii at Hilo with 893 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

700

Degrees Awarded to Men

886

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 700 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Hilo, HI, which is 0.79 times less than the 886 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Hilo, HI by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Two or More Races

    492 degrees awarded

  2. Asian

    415 degrees awarded

  3. White

    293 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Hilo, HI were to Two or More Races students. These 492 degrees mean that there were 1.19 times more Two or More Races students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Asian, with 415 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Hilo, HI was $305,900 in 2017, which is 1.41 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $298,500 to $305,900, a 2.48% increase. The homeownership rate in Hilo, HI is 61%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Hilo, HI have an average commute time of 16.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Hilo, HI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$57,151

Median Household Income

± $2,733

16k

Number of Households

± 819

In 2017, the median household income of the 16k households in Hilo, HI grew to $57,151 from the previous year's value of $55,815.

The following chart displays the households in Hilo, HI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$305,900

2017 Median

± $11,412

$298,500

2016 Median

± $10,185

In 2017, the median property value in Hilo, HI grew to to $305,900 from the previous year's value of $298,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Hilo, HI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hilo, HI the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Hilo, HI distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hilo, HI the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

61%

2017 Homeownership

61.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 61% of the housing units in Hilo, HI were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 61.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Hilo, HI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Hilo, HI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Hilo, HI have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

16.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Hilo, HI have a shorter commute time (16.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.42% of the workforce in Hilo, HI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Hilo, HI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    76.7%

  2. Carpooled

    12.8%

  3. Worked At Home

    6.45%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Hilo, HI was Drove Alone (76.7%), followed by those who Carpooled (12.8%) and those who Worked At Home (6.45%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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