Orlando, FL

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Population

280,258

1.1% growth

Median Age

33


Median Household Income

$47,594

1.78% growth

Poverty Rate

19.1%


Number of Employees

151,805

0.55% growth

Median Property Value

$232,600

3.56% growth

About

In 2017, Orlando, FL had a population of 280k people with a median age of 33 and a median household income of $47,594. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Orlando, FL grew from 277,198 to 280,258, a 1.1% increase and its median household income grew from $46,761 to $47,594, a 1.78% increase.

The population of Orlando, FL is 34.2% White Alone, 30.8% Hispanic or Latino, and 26% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Orlando, FL speak a non-English language, and 84.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Orlando, FL are Valencia College (12,347 degrees awarded in 2016), Adventist University of Health Sciences (502 degrees), and Orange Technical College-Orlando Campus (373 degrees).

The median property value in Orlando, FL is $232,600, and the homeownership rate is 33.4%. Most people in Orlando, FL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 24.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Orlando, FL is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Sunset at Lake Eola in downtown Orlando, Florida.

Economy

The economy of Orlando, FL employs 152k people. The largest industries in Orlando, FL are Accommodation & Food Services (20,213 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (17,174 people), and Retail Trade (16,918 people), and the highest paying industries are Information ($55,295), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($54,405), and Utilities ($51,264).

Median household income in Orlando, FL is $47,594. Males in Orlando, FL have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,343. The income inequality in Orlando, FL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.473, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$47,594

2017 value

± $2,532

1.78%

1 Year Growth

± 7.64%

Households in Orlando, FL have a median annual income of $47,594, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $46,761 in 2016, which represents a 1.78% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Orlando, FL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Florida.

$60,114

Average Male Salary

± $840

$45,343

Average Female Salary

± $594

In 2017, full-time male employees in Orlando, FL made 1.33 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Orlando, FL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Florida.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $59,204 ± $3,403

  2. Alaska Native

    $49,633 ± $34,468

  3. White

    $49,322 ± $566

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Orlando, FL workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.19 times more than Alaska Native workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Orlando, FL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Orlando, FL is from Florida.

0.473

2017 Wage GINI

0.474

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Florida was 0.473 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.211% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Florida was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Florida in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Florida across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 128

  2. Census Tract 148.11

  3. Census Tract 168.02

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Orlando, FL was Census Tract 128 with a value of $93,750, followed by Census Tract 148.11 and Census Tract 168.02, with respective values of $87,996 and $82,100.

The following map shows all of the places in Orlando, FL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

19.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Orlando, FL (51k out of 267k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    25,516 ± 1,373

  2. Black

    18,854 ± 1,207

  3. Hispanic

    18,486 ± 1,175

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Orlando, FL is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

152k

2017 Value

± 8,211

0.55%

1 Year growth

± 7.57%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Orlando, FL grew at a rate of 0.55%, from 151k employees to 152k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Orlando, FL, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (9,218 people), Customer Service Representatives (6,392 people), and Cashiers (6,088 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Orlando, FL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Orlando, FL, by number of employees, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (9,218 people), Customer Service Representatives (6,392 people), and Cashiers (6,088 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Orlando, FL has an unusually high number of residents working as Special Education Te (3.3 times higher than expected), Painters & Paperhangers (3.03 times), and First-Line Supervisors of Food Preparation & Serving Workers (2.89 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Orlando, FL, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($80,741), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($80,309), and Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($75,844).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

152k

2017 Value

± 8,211

0.55%

1 Year growth

± 7.57%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Orlando, FL grew at a rate of 0.55%, from 151k employees to 152k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Orlando, FL, are Accommodation & Food Services (20,213 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (17,174 people), and Retail Trade (16,918 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Orlando, FL, though some of these residents may live in Orlando, FL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Orlando, FL, by number of employees, are Accommodation & Food Services (20,213 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (17,174 people), and Retail Trade (16,918 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Orlando, FL has an unusually high number of Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (3.07 times higher than expected), Real Estate & Rental & Leasing (2.54 times), and Accommodation & Food Services (1.74 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Orlando, FL, by median earnings, are Information ($55,295), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($54,405), and Utilities ($51,264).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Florida to other states, or from other states to Florida.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $57.1B

  2. $44.9B

  3. $41.8B

In 2015, the top outbound Florida product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $57.1B, followed by Pharmaceuticals with $44.9B and Gasoline and $41.8B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Florida products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Florida state.

$457B

2015 Value

$714B

Projected 2045 Value

56.2% growth

In 2015, total outbound Florida trade was $457B. This is expected to increase 56.2% to $714B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Florida trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Florida to other states, or from other states to Florida.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $17.7B

  2. $15.1B

  3. $10.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Florida domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $17.7B, followed by Texas with $15.1B and California and $10.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Florida shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

N/A% of the population of Orlando, FL has health coverage, with N/A% on employee plans, N/A% on Medicaid, N/A% on Medicare, N/A% on non-group plans, and N/A% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Orlando, FL was $8,076 in 2014. This is a 5.05% increase from the previous year ($7,688).

Primary care physicians in Orlando, FL see 1376 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.218% decrease from the previous year (1379 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1735 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 703 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gadsden County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.9%). Additionally, Liberty County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.

1,376 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Florida see an average of 1,376 patients per year. This represents a 0.218% decrease from the previous year (1,379 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Florida in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.

$8,076

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,606

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,175

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,229

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Florida (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.05%, from $7,688 to $8,076.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

N/A%

Uninsured

N/A%

Employer Coverage

N/A%

Medicaid

N/A%

Medicare

N/A%

Non-Group

N/A%

Military or VA

Between N/A and N/A, the percent of uninsured citizens in Orlando, FL N/A by N/A from N/A% to N/A%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Orlando, FL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.9% prevalence

  2. 15.8% prevalence

  3. 15.5% prevalence

Gadsden County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Florida, at 16.9%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Florida by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Orlando, FL is home to a population of 280k people, from which 84.3% are citizens. As of 2017, 19.1% of Orlando, FL residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Orlando, FL is composed of 95.9k White Alone residents (34.2%), 86.3k Hispanic or Latino residents (30.8%), 72.8k Black or African American Alone residents (26%), 11.9k Asian Alone residents (4.23%), 7.99k Two or More Races residents (2.85%), 5.13k Some Other Race Alone residents (1.83%), 310 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.111%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Orlando, FL are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

31

Median Native-Born Age

± 1

39

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Orlando, FL was 33. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 31, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Orlando, FL are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Orlando, FL residents was 33.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

19.1%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

17.5%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 19.1% of Orlando, FL residents were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Orlando, FL was 17.5%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Orlando, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Cuba

    984,212 ± 23,779 people

  2. Haiti

    353,866 ± 14,481 people

  3. Colombia

    274,220 ± 12,772 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Orlando, FL was Cuba, the natal country of 984,212 Orlando, FL residents, followed by Haiti with 353,866 and Colombia with 274,220.

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Citizenship

84.3%

2017 Citizenship

86.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 84.3% of Orlando, FL residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Orlando, FL was 86.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Orlando, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    95.9k ± 6.42k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    86.3k ± 9.04k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    72.8k ± 8.38k

In 2017, there were 1.11 times more White Alone residents (95.9k people) in Orlando, FL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 86.3k Hispanic or Latino and 72.8k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Orlando, FL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Orlando, FL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.5%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Orlando, FL was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Orlando, FL are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,909 ± 970

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    2,089 ± 716

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    805 ± 507

Orlando, FL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.39 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Orlando, FL awarded 13,607 degrees. The student population of Orlando, FL is skewed towards women, with 20,749 male students and 27,758 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Orlando, FL are White (4,850 and 36.7%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (4,144 and 31.3%), Black or African American (2,256 and 17.1%), and Unknown (969 and 7.32%).

The largest universities in Orlando, FL by number of degrees awarded are Valencia College (12,347 and 90.7%), Adventist University of Health Sciences (502 and 3.69%), and Orange Technical College-Orlando Campus (373 and 2.74%).

The most popular majors in Orlando, FL are Liberal Arts & Sciences (6,012 and 44.2%), General Business Administration & Management (1,290 and 9.48%), and Operations Management & Supervision (658 and 4.84%).

The median tuition costs in Orlando, FL are $12,900 for private four year colleges, and $1,984 and $7,933 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 189 degrees awarded

  2. 6,012 degrees awarded

  3. 256 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Orlando, FL was General Business Administration & Management with 189 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Orlando, FL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 12,347 degrees awarded

  2. 502 degrees awarded

  3. 373 degrees awarded

$1,984

Median In-State Public

$12,900

Median Private

In 2016, the Orlando, FL institution with the largest number of graduating students was Valencia College with 12,347 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

5,995

Degrees Awarded to Men

7,612

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 5,995 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Orlando, FL, which is 0.788 times less than the 7,612 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Orlando, FL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    4,850 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    4,144 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    2,256 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Orlando, FL were to White students. These 4,850 degrees mean that there were 1.17 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 4,144 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Orlando, FL was $232,600 in 2017, which is 1.07 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $224,600 to $232,600, a 3.56% increase. The homeownership rate in Orlando, FL is 33.4%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Orlando, FL have an average commute time of 24.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Orlando, FL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$47,594

Median Household Income

± $2,532

108k

Number of Households

± 5,874

In 2017, the median household income of the 108k households in Orlando, FL grew to $47,594 from the previous year's value of $46,761.

The following chart displays the households in Orlando, FL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $50k - $60k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$232,600

2017 Median

± $12,709

$224,600

2016 Median

± $12,564

In 2017, the median property value in Orlando, FL grew to to $232,600 from the previous year's value of $224,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Orlando, FL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Orlando, FL the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Orlando, FL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Orlando, FL the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

33.4%

2017 Homeownership

35%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 33.4% of the housing units in Orlando, FL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 35%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Orlando, FL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Orlando, FL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Orlando, FL have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

24.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Orlando, FL have a shorter commute time (24.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.79% of the workforce in Orlando, FL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Orlando, FL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    76%

  2. Carpooled

    7.83%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.96%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Orlando, FL was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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