Jacksonville, FL

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Population

903,896

1.33% growth

Median Age

36


Median Household Income

$54,269

5.38% growth

Poverty Rate

16.4%


Number of Employees

436,102

2.03% growth

Median Property Value

$183,700

3.79% growth

About

In 2018, Jacksonville, FL had a population of 904k people with a median age of 36 and a median household income of $54,269. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Jacksonville, FL grew from 892,064 to 903,896, a 1.33% increase and its median household income grew from $51,497 to $54,269, a 5.38% increase.

The population of Jacksonville, FL is 50.4% White Alone, 30.3% Black or African American Alone, and 10.4% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Jacksonville, FL speak a non-English language, and 94.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Jacksonville, FL are Florida State College at Jacksonville (7,791 degrees awarded in 2017), University of North Florida (4,174 degrees), and Jacksonville University (1,403 degrees).

The median property value in Jacksonville, FL is $183,700, and the homeownership rate is 54.1%. Most people in Jacksonville, FL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 24.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Jacksonville, FL is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Jacksonville, FL employs 436k people. The largest industries in Jacksonville, FL are Health Care & Social Assistance (62,518 people), Retail Trade (53,347 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (35,989 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($91,870), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($57,500), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($56,522).

Median household income in Jacksonville, FL is $54,269. Males in Jacksonville, FL have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,612. The income inequality in Jacksonville, FL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.474, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$54,269

2018 value

± $2,016

5.38%

1 Year Growth

± 4.34%

Households in Jacksonville, FL have a median annual income of $54,269, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $51,497 in 2017, which represents a 5.38% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Jacksonville, FL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Florida.

$62,257

Average Male Salary

± $878

$46,612

Average Female Salary

± $604

In 2018, full-time male employees in Florida made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Florida by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Florida.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $56,219 ± $3,256

  2. White

    $51,352 ± $590

  3. American Indian

    $40,596 ± $5,196

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Florida workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.09 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Florida by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Jacksonville, FL is from Florida.

0.474

2018 Wage GINI

0.473

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Florida was 0.474 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.214% growth from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2018 the GINI for Florida was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Florida in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Florida across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 130

  2. Census Tract 143.30

  3. Census Tract 139.05

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Jacksonville, FL was Census Tract 130 with a value of $110,536, followed by Census Tract 143.30 and Census Tract 139.05, with respective values of $110,395 and $107,375.

The following map shows all of the places in Jacksonville, FL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Jacksonville, FL (139k out of 847k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    67,385 ± 1,999

  2. White

    58,775 ± 2,057

  3. Hispanic

    14,087 ± 1,047

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Jacksonville, FL is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

436k

2018 Value

± 13,117

2.03%

1 Year growth

± 4.09%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Jacksonville, FL grew at a rate of 2.03%, from 427k employees to 436k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Jacksonville, FL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (51,955 people), Sales & Related Occupations (43,466 people), and Management Occupations (40,243 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Jacksonville, FL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Jacksonville, FL, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (51,955 people), Sales & Related Occupations (43,466 people), and Management Occupations (40,243 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Jacksonville, FL has an unusually high number of residents working as Material Moving Occupations (1.35 times higher than expected), Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.26 times), and Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (1.23 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Jacksonville, FL, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($75,165), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($72,894), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($69,747).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

436k

2018 Value

± 13,117

2.03%

1 Year growth

± 4.09%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Jacksonville, FL grew at a rate of 2.03%, from 427k employees to 436k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Jacksonville, FL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (62,518 people), Retail Trade (53,347 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (35,989 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Jacksonville, FL, though some of these residents may live in Jacksonville, FL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Jacksonville, FL, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (62,518 people), Retail Trade (53,347 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (35,989 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Jacksonville, FL has an unusually high number of Finance & Insurance (1.74 times higher than expected), Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.53 times), and Transportation & Warehousing (1.34 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Jacksonville, FL, by median earnings, are Utilities ($91,870), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($57,500), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($56,522).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Florida to other states, or from other states to Florida.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $63.5B

  2. $51.6B

  3. $41.8B

In 2015, the top outbound Florida product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $63.5B, followed by Pharmaceuticals ($51.6B) and Electronics ($41.8B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Florida products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Florida state.

$497B

2020 Value

$714B

Projected 2045 Value

43.6% growth

In 2020, total outbound Florida trade was $497B. This is expected to increase 43.6% to $714B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Florida trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Florida to other states, or from other states to Florida.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $19.5B

  2. $16.6B

  3. $11.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Florida domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $19.5B, followed by Texas with $16.6B and California and $11.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Florida shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

88.1% of the population of Jacksonville, FL has health coverage, with 41.5% on employee plans, 17.5% on Medicaid, 9.2% on Medicare, 15.1% on non-group plans, and 4.72% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Jacksonville, FL was $8,076 in 2014. This is a 5.05% increase from the previous year ($7,688).

Primary care physicians in Jacksonville, FL see 1169 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.3% increase from the previous year (1154 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1267 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 615 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gadsden County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.9%). Additionally, Liberty County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Duval County, FL.

1,169 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Duval County, FL see an average of 1,169 patients per year. This represents a 1.3% increase from the previous year (1,154 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Duval County, FL in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.

$8,076

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,606

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,175

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,229

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Florida (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.05%, from $7,688 to $8,076.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

11.9%

Uninsured

41.5%

Employer Coverage

17.5%

Medicaid

9.2%

Medicare

15.1%

Non-Group

4.72%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Jacksonville, FL grew by 4.45% from 11.4% to 11.9%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Jacksonville, FL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.9% prevalence

  2. 15.8% prevalence

  3. 15.5% prevalence

Gadsden County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Florida, at 16.9%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Florida by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Jacksonville, FL is home to a population of 904k people, from which 94.2% are citizens. As of 2017, 10.3% of Jacksonville, FL residents were born outside of the country (91.6k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Jacksonville, FL is composed of 455k White Alone residents (50.4%), 274k Black or African American Alone residents (30.3%), 94.2k Hispanic or Latino residents (10.4%), 42.6k Asian Alone residents (4.72%), 29.5k Two or More Races residents (3.26%), 4.32k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.478%), 3.1k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.342%), and 409 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0452%).

Age

Age by Nativity

35

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.9

In 2018, the median age of all people in Jacksonville, FL was 36. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 35, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Jacksonville, FL are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Jacksonville, FL residents was 36.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

10.3%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

91.6k people

9.64%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

84.9k people

As of 2017, 10.3% of Jacksonville, FL residents (91.6k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Jacksonville, FL was 9.64%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Jacksonville, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Florida.

Most Common Origin

  1. Cuba

    1,028,508 ± 24,290 people

  2. Haiti

    339,246 ± 14,186 people

  3. Colombia

    285,400 ± 13,028 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Florida was Cuba, the natal country of 1,028,508 Florida residents, followed by Haiti with 339,246 and Colombia with 285,400.

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Citizenship

94.2%

2018 Citizenship

94.4%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 94.2% of Jacksonville, FL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Jacksonville, FL was 94.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Jacksonville, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    455k ± 2.19k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    274k ± 3.61k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    94.2k ± 7.94k

In 2018, there were 1.66 times more White Alone residents (455k people) in Jacksonville, FL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 274k Black or African American Alone and 94.2k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Jacksonville, FL as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    23,522 ± 3,239

  2. Vietnam

    18,725 ± 2,083

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    18,125 ± 2,375

Jacksonville, FL has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.26 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Jacksonville, FL awarded 16,730 degrees. The student population of Jacksonville, FL is skewed towards women, with 20,924 male students and 29,589 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Jacksonville, FL are White (8,963 and 54.3%), followed by Black or African American (3,606 and 21.8%), Hispanic or Latino (1,428 and 8.65%), and Unknown (1,338 and 8.1%).

The largest universities in Jacksonville, FL by number of degrees awarded are Florida State College at Jacksonville (7,791 and 46.6%), University of North Florida (4,174 and 24.9%), and Jacksonville University (1,403 and 8.39%).

The most popular majors in Jacksonville, FL are Liberal Arts & Sciences (3,246 and 19.4%), Registered Nursing (1,698 and 10.1%), and General Business Administration & Management (964 and 5.76%).

The median tuition costs in Jacksonville, FL are $13,325 for private four year colleges, and $2,974 and $12,073 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 1,170 degrees awarded

  2. 357 degrees awarded

  3. 254 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Jacksonville, FL was Registered Nursing with 1,170 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Jacksonville, FL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 7,791 degrees awarded

  2. 4,174 degrees awarded

  3. 1,403 degrees awarded

$2,974

Median In-State Public

$13,325

Median Private

In 2017, the Jacksonville, FL institution with the largest number of graduating students was Florida State College at Jacksonville with 7,791 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

7,019

Degrees Awarded to Men

9,711

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 7,019 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Jacksonville, FL, which is 0.723 times less than the 9,711 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Jacksonville, FL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    8,963 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    3,606 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    1,428 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Jacksonville, FL were to White students. These 8,963 degrees mean that there were 2.49 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 3,606 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Jacksonville, FL was $183,700 in 2018, which is 0.8 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $177,000 to $183,700, a 3.79% increase. The homeownership rate in Jacksonville, FL is 54.1%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Jacksonville, FL have an average commute time of 24.2 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Jacksonville, FL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$183,700

2018 Median

± $4,473

$177,000

2017 Median

± $5,236

In 2018, the median property value in Jacksonville, FL grew to to $183,700 from the previous year's value of $177,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Jacksonville, FL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jacksonville, FL the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$54,269

Median Household Income

± $2,016

346k

Number of Households

± 10,550

In 2018, the median household income of the 346k households in Jacksonville, FL grew to $54,269 from the previous year's value of $51,497.

The following chart displays the households in Jacksonville, FL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Jacksonville, FL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jacksonville, FL the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

54.1%

2018 Homeownership

54.7%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 54.1% of the housing units in Jacksonville, FL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 54.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Jacksonville, FL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

24.2 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Jacksonville, FL have a shorter commute time (24.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.39% of the workforce in Jacksonville, FL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Jacksonville, FL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79.4%

  2. Carpooled

    9.61%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.12%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Jacksonville, FL was Drove Alone (79.4%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.61%) and those who Worked At Home (5.12%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Jacksonville, FL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Jacksonville, FL have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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