Palo Alto, CA

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Population

67,082

0.65% growth

Median Age

41.8


Median Household Income

$147,537

7.66% growth

Poverty Rate

6.03%


Number of Employees

32,549

1.44% growth

Median Property Value

$1.99M

16.9% growth

About

In 2017, Palo Alto, CA had a population of 67.1k people with a median age of 41.8 and a median household income of $147,537. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Palo Alto, CA grew from 66,649 to 67,082, a 0.65% increase and its median household income grew from $137,043 to $147,537, a 7.66% increase.

The population of Palo Alto, CA is 55.6% White Alone, 31.2% Asian Alone, and 7.25% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Palo Alto, CA speak a non-English language, and 84.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Palo Alto, CA are Palo Alto University (393 degrees awarded in 2016) and Sofia University (63 degrees).

The median property value in Palo Alto, CA is $1.99M, and the homeownership rate is 54.9%. Most people in Palo Alto, CA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Palo Alto, CA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Palo Alto with the East Bay hills in the distance.

Economy

The economy of Palo Alto, CA employs 32.5k people. The largest industries in Palo Alto, CA are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (8,150 people), Educational Services (4,739 people), and Manufacturing (4,344 people), and the highest paying industries are Information ($180,368), Manufacturing ($145,668), and Wholesale Trade ($138,244).

Median household income in Palo Alto, CA is $147,537. Males in Palo Alto, CA have an average income that is 1.26 times higher than the average income of females, which is $57,252. The income inequality in Palo Alto, CA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.5, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$147,537

2017 value

± $5,823

7.66%

1 Year Growth

± 7.29%

Households in Palo Alto, CA have a median annual income of $147,537, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $137,043 in 2016, which represents a 7.66% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Palo Alto, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for California.

$72,235

Average Male Salary

± $699

$57,252

Average Female Salary

± $582

In 2017, full-time male employees in California made 1.26 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in California by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for California.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $65,946 ± $1,081

  2. White

    $59,925 ± $556

  3. Two or More Races

    $49,289 ± $1,826

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of California workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.1 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in California by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Palo Alto, CA is from California.

0.5

2017 Wage GINI

0.5

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in California was 0.5 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.16% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for California was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in California in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in California across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 5112

  2. Census Tract 5111

  3. Census Tract 5114

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Palo Alto, CA was Census Tract 5112 with a value of $245,380, followed by Census Tract 5111 and Census Tract 5114, with respective values of $233,750 and $195,294.

The following map shows all of the places in Palo Alto, CA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 45 - 54

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

6.03% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Palo Alto, CA (4.02k out of 66.6k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 45 - 54, followed by Females 75+ and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    1,946 ± 348

  2. Asian

    1,669 ± 339

  3. Hispanic

    522 ± 195

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Palo Alto, CA is White, followed by Asian and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

32.5k

2017 Value

± 1,181

1.44%

1 Year growth

± 4.97%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Palo Alto, CA grew at a rate of 1.44%, from 32.1k employees to 32.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Palo Alto, CA, are Management Occupations (6,141 people), Computer & Mathematical Occupations (4,272 people), and Education, Training, & Library Occupations (3,009 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Palo Alto, CA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Palo Alto, CA, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (6,141 people), Computer & Mathematical Occupations (4,272 people), and Education, Training, & Library Occupations (3,009 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Palo Alto, CA has an unusually high number of residents working as Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (5.17 times higher than expected), Computer & Mathematical Occupations (4.51 times), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations (3.83 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Palo Alto, CA, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($167,647), Management Occupations ($156,924), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($146,906).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

32.5k

2017 Value

± 1,181

1.44%

1 Year growth

± 4.97%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Palo Alto, CA grew at a rate of 1.44%, from 32.1k employees to 32.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Palo Alto, CA, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (8,150 people), Educational Services (4,739 people), and Manufacturing (4,344 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Palo Alto, CA, though some of these residents may live in Palo Alto, CA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Palo Alto, CA, by number of employees, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (8,150 people), Educational Services (4,739 people), and Manufacturing (4,344 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Palo Alto, CA has an unusually high number of Information (3.95 times higher than expected), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (3.58 times), and Educational Services (1.57 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Palo Alto, CA, by median earnings, are Information ($180,368), Manufacturing ($145,668), and Wholesale Trade ($138,244).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $196B

  2. $157B

  3. $127B

In 2015, the top outbound California product (by dollars) was Electronics with $196B, followed by Mixed freight ($157B) and Gasoline ($127B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound California products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for California state.

$1.54T

2015 Value

$2.48T

Projected 2045 Value

61.2% growth

In 2015, total outbound California trade was $1.54T. This is expected to increase 61.2% to $2.48T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound California trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $63.1B

  2. $42.2B

  3. $31.2B

In 2015, the top outbound California domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $63.1B, followed by Arizona with $42.2B and Washington and $31.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that California shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

96.9% of the population of Palo Alto, CA has health coverage, with 66% on employee plans, 3.87% on Medicaid, 12.4% on Medicare, 14.1% on non-group plans, and 0.549% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Palo Alto, CA was $7,549 in 2014. This is a 4.04% increase from the previous year ($7,256).

Primary care physicians in Palo Alto, CA see 1281 patients per year on average, which represents a 0% change from the previous year (1281 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1214 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 324 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Tehama County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (10.6%). Additionally, Tulare County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.

1,281 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in California see an average of 1,281 patients per year. This represents a 0% change from the previous year (1,281 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in California in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.

$7,549

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,735

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,368

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,833

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in California (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.04%, from $7,256 to $7,549.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

3.11%

Uninsured

66%

Employer Coverage

3.87%

Medicaid

12.4%

Medicare

14.1%

Non-Group

0.549%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Palo Alto, CA declined by 10.5% from 3.47% to 3.11%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Palo Alto, CA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 10.6% prevalence

  2. 10.5% prevalence

  3. 10.3% prevalence

Tehama County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in California, at 10.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in California by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Palo Alto, CA is home to a population of 67.1k people, from which 84.5% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Palo Alto, CA residents were born outside of the country (23.3k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Palo Alto, CA is composed of 37.3k White Alone residents (55.6%), 20.9k Asian Alone residents (31.2%), 4.87k Hispanic or Latino residents (7.25%), 2.76k Two or More Races residents (4.12%), 808 Black or African American Alone residents (1.2%), 211 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.315%), 105 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.157%), and 89 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.133%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Palo Alto, CA are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

35

Median Native-Born Age

± 1.8

45

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Palo Alto, CA was 41.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 35, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 45. But people in Palo Alto, CA are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Palo Alto, CA residents was 42.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2017 Foreign-Born Population

  1. N/A%

    23.3k people

  2. N/A%

    N/A people

As of 2017, N/A% of Palo Alto, CA residents (23.3k people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Palo Alto, CA was N/A%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Palo Alto, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for California.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    4,212,695 ± 47,591 people

  2. Philippines

    836,199 ± 22,209 people

  3. China

    612,429 ± 19,062 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of California was Mexico, the natal country of 4,212,695 California residents, followed by Philippines with 836,199 and China with 612,429.

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Citizenship

84.5%

2017 Citizenship

84.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 84.5% of Palo Alto, CA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Palo Alto, CA was 84.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Palo Alto, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    37.3k ± 951

  2. Asian Alone

    20.9k ± 885

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    4.87k ± 567

In 2017, there were 1.78 times more White Alone residents (37.3k people) in Palo Alto, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 20.9k Asian Alone and 4.87k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Palo Alto, CA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Palo Alto, CA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Palo Alto, CA was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Palo Alto, CA are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    740 ± 177

  2. Korea

    403 ± 119

  3. World War II

    352 ± 131

Palo Alto, CA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.84 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Palo Alto, CA awarded 456 degrees. The student population of Palo Alto, CA is skewed towards women, with 347 male students and 1,076 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Palo Alto, CA are White (216 and 49.3%), followed by Asian (69 and 15.8%), Unknown (64 and 14.6%), and Hispanic or Latino (52 and 11.9%).

The largest universities in Palo Alto, CA by number of degrees awarded are Palo Alto University (393 and 86.2%) and Sofia University (63 and 13.8%).

The most popular majors in Palo Alto, CA are Clinical Psychology (215 and 47.1%), Marriage & Family Therapy (91 and 20%), and Other Psychology (61 and 13.4%).

The median tuition costs in Palo Alto, CA are $17,112 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 91 degrees awarded

  2. 48 degrees awarded

  3. 121 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Masters Degree recipients in Palo Alto, CA was Marriage & Family Therapy with 91 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Masters Degree from schools in Palo Alto, CA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 393 degrees awarded

  2. 63 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$17,112

Median Private

In 2016, the Palo Alto, CA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Palo Alto University with 393 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

88

Degrees Awarded to Men

368

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 88 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Palo Alto, CA, which is 0.239 times less than the 368 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Palo Alto, CA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    216 degrees awarded

  2. Asian

    69 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    64 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Palo Alto, CA were to White students. These 216 degrees mean that there were 3.13 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Asian, with 69 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Palo Alto, CA was $1.99M in 2017, which is 9.14 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $1.7M to $1.99M, a 16.9% increase. The homeownership rate in Palo Alto, CA is 54.9%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Palo Alto, CA have an average commute time of 22.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Palo Alto, CA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$147,537

Median Household Income

± $5,823

26.2k

Number of Households

± 951

In 2017, the median household income of the 26.2k households in Palo Alto, CA grew to $147,537 from the previous year's value of $137,043.

The following chart displays the households in Palo Alto, CA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $200k+ range.

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Housing

Property Value

$1.99M

2017 Median

± $82,686

$1.7M

2016 Median

± $50,157

In 2017, the median property value in Palo Alto, CA grew to to $1.99M from the previous year's value of $1.7M.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Palo Alto, CA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Palo Alto, CA the largest share of households have a property value in the $2M+ range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Palo Alto, CA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Palo Alto, CA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

54.9%

2017 Homeownership

55.3%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 54.9% of the housing units in Palo Alto, CA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 55.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Palo Alto, CA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Palo Alto, CA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Palo Alto, CA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

22.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Palo Alto, CA have a shorter commute time (22.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.01% of the workforce in Palo Alto, CA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Palo Alto, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    64.1%

  2. Worked At Home

    8.74%

  3. Bicycle

    8.41%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Palo Alto, CA was Drove Alone (64.1%), followed by those who Worked At Home (8.74%) and those who Bicycle (8.41%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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