Fresno, CA

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Population

527,422

1.03% growth

Median Age

31.5


Median Household Income

$48,600

8.23% growth

Poverty Rate

28.4%


Number of Employees

219,163

2.22% growth

Median Property Value

$234,500

3.08% growth

About

In 2017, Fresno, CA had a population of 527k people with a median age of 31.5 and a median household income of $48,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Fresno, CA grew from 522,021 to 527,422, a 1.03% increase and its median household income grew from $44,905 to $48,600, a 8.23% increase.

The population of Fresno, CA is 49% Hispanic or Latino, 26.8% White Alone, and 13.8% Asian Alone. N/A% of the people in Fresno, CA speak a non-English language, and 90.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Fresno, CA are California State University-Fresno (5,150 degrees awarded in 2016), Fresno City College (1,850 degrees), and Fresno Pacific University (1,038 degrees).

The median property value in Fresno, CA is $234,500, and the homeownership rate is 47.1%. Most people in Fresno, CA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Fresno, CA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Downtown Fresno, CA

Economy

The economy of Fresno, CA employs 219k people. The largest industries in Fresno, CA are Health Care & Social Assistance (33,169 people), Retail Trade (23,597 people), and Educational Services (19,439 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($89,595), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($51,069), and Public Administration ($49,969).

Median household income in Fresno, CA is $48,600. Males in Fresno, CA have an average income that is 1.26 times higher than the average income of females, which is $59,658. The income inequality in Fresno, CA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.497, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$48,600

2017 value

± $2,223

8.23%

1 Year Growth

± 6.66%

Households in Fresno, CA have a median annual income of $48,600, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $44,905 in 2016, which represents a 8.23% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Fresno, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for California.

$75,050

Average Male Salary

± $702

$59,658

Average Female Salary

± $597

In 2017, full-time male employees in Fresno, CA made 1.26 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Fresno, CA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for California.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $69,782 ± $1,103

  2. White

    $63,110 ± $578

  3. Two or More Races

    $51,776 ± $1,728

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Fresno, CA workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.11 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Fresno, CA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Fresno, CA is from California.

0.497

2017 Wage GINI

0.503

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in California was 0.497 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.1% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for California was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in California in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in California across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 55.08

  2. Census Tract 55.17

  3. Census Tract 43.01

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Fresno, CA was Census Tract 55.08 with a value of $111,324, followed by Census Tract 55.17 and Census Tract 43.01, with respective values of $107,396 and $103,460.

The following map shows all of the places in Fresno, CA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

28.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Fresno, CA (145k out of 510k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Hispanic

    85,189 ± 2,089

  2. White

    69,986 ± 2,032

  3. Other

    29,628 ± 1,405

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Fresno, CA is Hispanic, followed by White and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

219k

2017 Value

± 8,641

2.22%

1 Year growth

± 5.46%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Fresno, CA grew at a rate of 2.22%, from 214k employees to 219k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Fresno, CA, are Other Personal Care & Service Workers Except Personal Appearance, Baggage Porters, Concierges, & Child Care Workers (9,594 people), Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (9,177 people), and Agricultural Workers (7,385 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Fresno, CA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Fresno, CA, by number of employees, are Other Personal Care & Service Workers Except Personal Appearance, Baggage Porters, Concierges, & Child Care Workers (9,594 people), Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (9,177 people), and Agricultural Workers (7,385 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Fresno, CA has an unusually high number of residents working as Agricultural Workers (7.12 times higher than expected), First-Line Supervisors of Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Workers (4.56 times), and Special Education Te (3.73 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Fresno, CA, by median earnings, are Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($90,095), Legal Occupations ($86,333), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($75,164).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

219k

2017 Value

± 8,641

2.22%

1 Year growth

± 5.46%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Fresno, CA grew at a rate of 2.22%, from 214k employees to 219k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Fresno, CA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (33,169 people), Retail Trade (23,597 people), and Educational Services (19,439 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Fresno, CA, though some of these residents may live in Fresno, CA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Fresno, CA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (33,169 people), Retail Trade (23,597 people), and Educational Services (19,439 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Fresno, CA has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (4.26 times higher than expected), Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.46 times), and Public Administration (1.25 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Fresno, CA, by median earnings, are Utilities ($89,595), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($51,069), and Public Administration ($49,969).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $196B

  2. $157B

  3. $127B

In 2015, the top outbound California product (by dollars) was Electronics with $196B, followed by Mixed freight with $157B and Gasoline and $127B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound California products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for California state.

$1.54T

2015 Value

$2.48T

Projected 2045 Value

61.2% growth

In 2015, total outbound California trade was $1.54T. This is expected to increase 61.2% to $2.48T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound California trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $63.1B

  2. $42.2B

  3. $31.2B

In 2015, the top outbound California domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $63.1B, followed by Arizona with $42.2B and Washington and $31.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that California shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.6% of the population of Fresno, CA has health coverage, with 36.8% on employee plans, 36.9% on Medicaid, 7.24% on Medicare, 10.5% on non-group plans, and 1.17% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Fresno, CA was $7,549 in 2014. This is a 4.04% increase from the previous year ($7,256).

Primary care physicians in Fresno, CA see 1281 patients per year on average, which represents a 0% change from the previous year (1281 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1214 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 324 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Tehama County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (10.6%). Additionally, Tulare County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.

1,281 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in California see an average of 1,281 patients per year. This represents a 0% change from the previous year (1,281 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in California in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.

$7,549

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,735

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,368

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,833

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in California (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.04%, from $7,256 to $7,549.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.38%

Uninsured

36.8%

Employer Coverage

36.9%

Medicaid

7.24%

Medicare

10.5%

Non-Group

1.17%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Fresno, CA declined by 4.44% from 7.72% to 7.38%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Fresno, CA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 10.6% prevalence

  2. 10.5% prevalence

  3. 10.3% prevalence

Tehama County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in California, at 10.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in California by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Fresno, CA is home to a population of 527k people, from which 90.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 19.9% of Fresno, CA residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Fresno, CA is composed of 258k Hispanic or Latino residents (49%), 141k White Alone residents (26.8%), 72.7k Asian Alone residents (13.8%), 39.2k Black or African American Alone residents (7.44%), 12.7k Two or More Races residents (2.42%), 2.05k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.389%), 651 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.123%), and 282 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0535%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Fresno, CA are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

27

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

45

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Fresno, CA was 31.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 27, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 45. But people in Fresno, CA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Fresno, CA residents was 31.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

19.9%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

20.3%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 19.9% of Fresno, CA residents were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Fresno, CA was 20.3%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Fresno, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    4,079,391 ± 46,960 people

  2. Philippines

    859,594 ± 22,514 people

  3. China

    683,330 ± 20,119 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Fresno, CA was Mexico, the natal country of 4,079,391 Fresno, CA residents, followed by Philippines with 859,594 and China with 683,330.

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Citizenship

90.5%

2017 Citizenship

87.2%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 90.5% of Fresno, CA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Fresno, CA was 87.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Fresno, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    258k ± 12.9k

  2. White Alone

    141k ± 6.61k

  3. Asian Alone

    72.7k ± 4.6k

In 2017, there were 1.83 times more Hispanic or Latino residents (258k people) in Fresno, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 141k White Alone and 72.7k Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Fresno, CA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Fresno, CA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.5%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Fresno, CA was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Fresno, CA are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    7,189 ± 1,155

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    4,647 ± 1,203

  3. Korea

    2,115 ± 659

Fresno, CA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.55 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Fresno, CA awarded 9,378 degrees. The student population of Fresno, CA is skewed towards women, with 25,170 male students and 34,012 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Fresno, CA are Hispanic or Latino (4,107 and 45%), followed by White (2,753 and 30.2%), Asian (1,066 and 11.7%), and Unknown (466 and 5.11%).

The largest universities in Fresno, CA by number of degrees awarded are California State University-Fresno (5,150 and 54.9%), Fresno City College (1,850 and 19.7%), and Fresno Pacific University (1,038 and 11.1%).

The most popular majors in Fresno, CA are General Business Administration & Management (987 and 10.5%), General Psychology (522 and 5.57%), and Registered Nursing (412 and 4.39%).

The median tuition costs in Fresno, CA are $18,590 for private four year colleges, and $5,472 and $16,632 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 348 degrees awarded

  2. 646 degrees awarded

  3. 370 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Fresno, CA was Criminology with 348 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Fresno, CA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 5,150 degrees awarded

  2. 1,850 degrees awarded

  3. 1,038 degrees awarded

$5,472

Median In-State Public

$18,590

Median Private

In 2016, the Fresno, CA institution with the largest number of graduating students was California State University-Fresno with 5,150 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

3,574

Degrees Awarded to Men

5,804

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 3,574 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Fresno, CA, which is 0.616 times less than the 5,804 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Fresno, CA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    4,107 degrees awarded

  2. White

    2,753 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    1,066 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Fresno, CA were to Hispanic or Latino students. These 4,107 degrees mean that there were 1.49 times more Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 2,753 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Fresno, CA was $234,500 in 2017, which is 1.08 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $227,500 to $234,500, a 3.08% increase. The homeownership rate in Fresno, CA is 47.1%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Fresno, CA have an average commute time of 21.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Fresno, CA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$48,600

Median Household Income

± $2,223

169k

Number of Households

± 6,880

In 2017, the median household income of the 169k households in Fresno, CA grew to $48,600 from the previous year's value of $44,905.

The following chart displays the households in Fresno, CA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$234,500

2017 Median

± $6,228

$227,500

2016 Median

± $5,851

In 2017, the median property value in Fresno, CA grew to to $234,500 from the previous year's value of $227,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Fresno, CA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Fresno, CA the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Fresno, CA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Fresno, CA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

47.1%

2017 Homeownership

46.5%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 47.1% of the housing units in Fresno, CA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 46.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Fresno, CA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Fresno, CA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Fresno, CA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

21.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Fresno, CA have a shorter commute time (21.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 2.77% of the workforce in Fresno, CA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Fresno, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    80.7%

  2. Carpooled

    10.4%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.3%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Fresno, CA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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