Tucson, AZ

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Population

545,987

1.92% growth

Median Age

33.5


Median Household Income

$43,676

4.96% growth

Poverty Rate

24.1%


Number of Employees

249,028

4.01% growth

Median Property Value

$167,800

11.6% growth

About

In 2018, Tucson, AZ had a population of 546k people with a median age of 33.5 and a median household income of $43,676. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Tucson, AZ grew from 535,676 to 545,987, a 1.92% increase and its median household income grew from $41,613 to $43,676, a 4.96% increase.

The population of Tucson, AZ is 43.6% Hispanic or Latino, 43.6% White Alone, and 5.25% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Tucson, AZ speak a non-English language, and 91.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Tucson, AZ are University of Arizona (10,442 degrees awarded in 2017), Pima Community College (5,680 degrees), and Pima Medical Institute-Tucson (1,190 degrees).

The median property value in Tucson, AZ is $167,800, and the homeownership rate is 49.9%. Most people in Tucson, AZ commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Tucson, AZ is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Tucson, looking towards the Catalina Mountains from A Mountain.

Economy

The economy of Tucson, AZ employs 249k people. The largest industries in Tucson, AZ are Health Care & Social Assistance (33,532 people), Accommodation & Food Services (28,936 people), and Retail Trade (28,580 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($61,118), Utilities ($55,581), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($50,356).

Median household income in Tucson, AZ is $43,676. Males in Tucson, AZ have an average income that is 1.26 times higher than the average income of females, which is $49,405. The income inequality in Tucson, AZ (measured using the Gini index) is 0.46, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$43,676

2018 value

± $1,859

4.96%

1 Year Growth

± 5.44%

Households in Tucson, AZ have a median annual income of $43,676, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $41,613 in 2017, which represents a 4.96% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Tucson, AZ compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Arizona.

$62,316

Average Male Salary

± $1,275

$49,405

Average Female Salary

± $1,081

In 2018, full-time male employees in Arizona made 1.26 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Arizona by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Arizona.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $61,467 ± $4,613

  2. White

    $51,046 ± $885

  3. Two or More Races

    $41,273 ± $3,473

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Arizona workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.2 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Arizona by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Tucson, AZ is from Arizona.

0.46

2018 Wage GINI

0.469

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Arizona was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.94% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for Arizona was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Arizona in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Arizona across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 47.26

  2. Census Tract 40.30

  3. Census Tract 44.18

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Tucson, AZ was Census Tract 47.26 with a value of $116,542, followed by Census Tract 40.30 and Census Tract 44.18, with respective values of $116,029 and $98,006.

The following map shows all of the places in Tucson, AZ colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

24.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Tucson, AZ (122k out of 506k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    79,232 ± 2,294

  2. Hispanic

    61,201 ± 1,924

  3. Other

    16,923 ± 1,094

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Tucson, AZ is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

249k

2018 Value

± 8,680

4.01%

1 Year growth

± 4.77%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Tucson, AZ grew at a rate of 4.01%, from 239k employees to 249k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Tucson, AZ, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (28,916 people), Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (26,050 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (22,660 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Tucson, AZ.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Tucson, AZ, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (28,916 people), Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (26,050 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (22,660 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Tucson, AZ has an unusually high number of residents working as Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (1.82 times higher than expected), Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Occupations (1.48 times), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations (1.3 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Tucson, AZ, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($71,892), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($61,401), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($55,843).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

249k

2018 Value

± 8,680

4.01%

1 Year growth

± 4.77%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Tucson, AZ grew at a rate of 4.01%, from 239k employees to 249k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Tucson, AZ, are Health Care & Social Assistance (33,532 people), Accommodation & Food Services (28,936 people), and Retail Trade (28,580 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Tucson, AZ, though some of these residents may live in Tucson, AZ and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Tucson, AZ, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (33,532 people), Accommodation & Food Services (28,936 people), and Retail Trade (28,580 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Tucson, AZ has an unusually high number of Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.65 times higher than expected), Accommodation & Food Services (1.53 times), and Construction (1.19 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Tucson, AZ, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($61,118), Utilities ($55,581), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($50,356).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Arizona to other states, or from other states to Arizona.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $26.7B

  2. $23.8B

  3. $18.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Arizona product (by dollars) was Pharmaceuticals with $26.7B, followed by Mixed freight ($23.8B) and Electronics ($18.9B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Arizona products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Arizona state.

$177B

2020 Value

$290B

Projected 2045 Value

63.9% growth

In 2020, total outbound Arizona trade was $177B. This is expected to increase 63.9% to $290B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Arizona trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Arizona to other states, or from other states to Arizona.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.2B

  2. $9.42B

  3. $4.47B

In 2015, the top outbound Arizona domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was California with $25.2B, followed by Texas with $9.42B and New Mexico and $4.47B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Arizona shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.3% of the population of Tucson, AZ has health coverage, with 37.3% on employee plans, 24.7% on Medicaid, 9.9% on Medicare, 13.5% on non-group plans, and 3.9% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Tucson, AZ was $6,452 in 2014. This is a 3.03% increase from the previous year ($6,262).

Primary care physicians in Tucson, AZ see 1519 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.198% increase from the previous year (1516 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1660 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 820 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, La Paz County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.9%). Additionally, Apache County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arizona.

1,519 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Arizona see an average of 1,519 patients per year. This represents a 0.198% increase from the previous year (1,516 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Arizona in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arizona.

$6,452

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,035

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,032

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,096

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Arizona (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.03%, from $6,262 to $6,452.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.7%

Uninsured

37.3%

Employer Coverage

24.7%

Medicaid

9.9%

Medicare

13.5%

Non-Group

3.9%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Tucson, AZ grew by 5.12% from 10.2% to 10.7%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Tucson, AZ changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.9% prevalence

  2. 14.3% prevalence

  3. 13.1% prevalence

La Paz County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Arizona, at 14.9%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Arizona by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Tucson, AZ is home to a population of 546k people, from which 91.2% are citizens. As of 2017, 14.9% of Tucson, AZ residents were born outside of the country (80k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Tucson, AZ is composed of 238k Hispanic or Latino residents (43.6%), 238k White Alone residents (43.6%), 28.7k Black or African American Alone residents (5.25%), 17k Asian Alone residents (3.11%), 12.4k Two or More Races residents (2.26%), 10k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (1.83%), 1.01k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.185%), and 826 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.151%).

Age

Age by Nativity

31

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.7

44

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.2

In 2018, the median age of all people in Tucson, AZ was 33.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 31, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Tucson, AZ are getting getting younger. In 2017, the average age of all Tucson, AZ residents was 34.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

14.9%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

80k people

15.1%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

80.3k people

As of 2017, 14.9% of Tucson, AZ residents (80k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Tucson, AZ was 15.1%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Tucson, AZ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Arizona.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    529,069 ± 17,187 people

  2. Canada

    42,736 ± 5,060 people

  3. India

    38,953 ± 4,832 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Arizona was Mexico, the natal country of 529,069 Arizona residents, followed by Canada with 42,736 and India with 38,953.

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Citizenship

91.2%

2018 Citizenship

92.5%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 91.2% of Tucson, AZ residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Tucson, AZ was 92.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Tucson, AZ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    238k ± 12.5k

  2. White Alone

    238k ± 6.61k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    28.7k ± 2.69k

In 2018, there were 1 times more Hispanic or Latino residents (238k people) in Tucson, AZ than any other race or ethnicity. There were 238k White Alone and 28.7k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Tucson, AZ as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    13,078 ± 2,010

  2. Vietnam

    11,649 ± 1,534

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    4,238 ± 955

Tucson, AZ has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.12 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Tucson, AZ awarded 18,804 degrees. The student population of Tucson, AZ is skewed towards women, with 33,290 male students and 38,311 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Tucson, AZ are White (8,883 and 50%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (5,638 and 31.8%), Asian (828 and 4.66%), and Unknown (715 and 4.03%).

The largest universities in Tucson, AZ by number of degrees awarded are University of Arizona (10,442 and 55.5%), Pima Community College (5,680 and 30.2%), and Pima Medical Institute-Tucson (1,190 and 6.33%).

The most popular majors in Tucson, AZ are Liberal Arts & Sciences (2,508 and 13.3%), Registered Nursing (552 and 2.94%), and General Studies (510 and 2.71%).

The median tuition costs in Tucson, AZ are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $10,262 and $31,067 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 417 degrees awarded

  2. 350 degrees awarded

  3. 291 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Tucson, AZ was General Psychology with 417 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Tucson, AZ according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 10,442 degrees awarded

  2. 5,680 degrees awarded

  3. 1,190 degrees awarded

$10,262

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Tucson, AZ institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Arizona with 10,442 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

8,249

Degrees Awarded to Men

10,555

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 8,249 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Tucson, AZ, which is 0.782 times less than the 10,555 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Tucson, AZ by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    8,883 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    5,638 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    828 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Tucson, AZ were to White students. These 8,883 degrees mean that there were 1.58 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 5,638 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Tucson, AZ was $167,800 in 2018, which is 0.731 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $150,400 to $167,800, a 11.6% increase. The homeownership rate in Tucson, AZ is 49.9%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Tucson, AZ have an average commute time of 22.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Tucson, AZ is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$167,800

2018 Median

± $2,989

$150,400

2017 Median

± $4,109

In 2018, the median property value in Tucson, AZ grew to to $167,800 from the previous year's value of $150,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Tucson, AZ compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Tucson, AZ the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$43,676

Median Household Income

± $1,859

209k

Number of Households

± 7,359

In 2018, the median household income of the 209k households in Tucson, AZ grew to $43,676 from the previous year's value of $41,613.

The following chart displays the households in Tucson, AZ distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $60k - $75k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Tucson, AZ distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Tucson, AZ the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

49.9%

2018 Homeownership

51.1%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 49.9% of the housing units in Tucson, AZ were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 51.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Tucson, AZ compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

22.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Tucson, AZ have a shorter commute time (22.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.11% of the workforce in Tucson, AZ have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Tucson, AZ compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    74.4%

  2. Carpooled

    10.8%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.5%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Tucson, AZ was Drove Alone (74.4%), followed by those who Carpooled (10.8%) and those who Worked At Home (4.5%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Tucson, AZ distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Tucson, AZ have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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