Tucson, AZ

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Population

535,676

0.94% growth

Median Age

34.1


Median Household Income

$41,613

3.98% growth

Poverty Rate

24.1%


Number of Employees

239,426

0.309% decline

Median Property Value

$150,400

4.44% growth

About

In 2017, Tucson, AZ had a population of 536k people with a median age of 34.1 and a median household income of $41,613. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Tucson, AZ grew from 530,690 to 535,676, a 0.94% increase and its median household income grew from $40,021 to $41,613, a 3.98% increase.

The population of Tucson, AZ is 44.9% Hispanic or Latino, 43.2% White Alone, and 4.42% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Tucson, AZ speak a non-English language, and 92.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Tucson, AZ are University of Arizona (10,411 degrees awarded in 2016), Pima Community College (5,931 degrees), and Pima Medical Institute-Tucson (1,219 degrees).

The median property value in Tucson, AZ is $150,400, and the homeownership rate is 51.1%. Most people in Tucson, AZ commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Tucson, AZ is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Tucson, looking towards the Catalina Mountains from A Mountain.

Economy

The economy of Tucson, AZ employs 239k people. The largest industries in Tucson, AZ are Health Care & Social Assistance (35,187 people), Retail Trade (30,329 people), and Educational Services (26,964 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($56,076), Utilities ($53,086), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($52,080).

Median household income in Tucson, AZ is $41,613. Males in Tucson, AZ have an average income that is 1.31 times higher than the average income of females, which is $47,801. The income inequality in Tucson, AZ (measured using the Gini index) is 0.469, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$41,613

2017 value

± $1,581

3.98%

1 Year Growth

± 5.69%

Households in Tucson, AZ have a median annual income of $41,613, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $40,021 in 2016, which represents a 3.98% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Tucson, AZ compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Arizona.

$62,465

Average Male Salary

± $1,374

$47,801

Average Female Salary

± $1,063

In 2017, full-time male employees in Arizona made 1.31 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Arizona by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Arizona.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $61,841 ± $4,776

  2. White

    $50,906 ± $930

  3. Alaska Native

    $42,076 ± $20,594

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Arizona workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.21 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Arizona by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Tucson, AZ is from Arizona.

0.469

2017 Wage GINI

0.473

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Arizona was 0.469 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.923% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Arizona was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Arizona in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Arizona across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 47.26

  2. Census Tract 40.30

  3. Census Tract 40.50

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Tucson, AZ was Census Tract 47.26 with a value of $109,615, followed by Census Tract 40.30 and Census Tract 40.50, with respective values of $104,063 and $102,083.

The following map shows all of the places in Tucson, AZ colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

24.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Tucson, AZ (122k out of 506k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    79,232 ± 2,294

  2. Hispanic

    61,201 ± 1,924

  3. Other

    16,923 ± 1,094

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Tucson, AZ is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

239k

2017 Value

± 8,456

-0.309%

1 Year decline

± 4.92%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Tucson, AZ declined at a rate of -0.309%, from 240k employees to 239k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Tucson, AZ, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (33,612 people), Sales & Related Occupations (24,419 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (19,015 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Tucson, AZ.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Tucson, AZ, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (33,612 people), Sales & Related Occupations (24,419 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (19,015 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Tucson, AZ has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.72 times higher than expected), Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Occupations (1.51 times), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (1.35 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Tucson, AZ, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($80,526), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($75,573), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($66,692).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

239k

2017 Value

± 8,456

-0.309%

1 Year decline

± 4.92%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Tucson, AZ declined at a rate of -0.309%, from 240k employees to 239k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Tucson, AZ, are Health Care & Social Assistance (35,187 people), Retail Trade (30,329 people), and Educational Services (26,964 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Tucson, AZ, though some of these residents may live in Tucson, AZ and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Tucson, AZ, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (35,187 people), Retail Trade (30,329 people), and Educational Services (26,964 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Tucson, AZ has an unusually high number of Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.8 times higher than expected), Accommodation & Food Services (1.32 times), and Public Administration (1.25 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Tucson, AZ, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($56,076), Utilities ($53,086), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($52,080).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Arizona to other states, or from other states to Arizona.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $23.6B

  2. $20.7B

  3. $16.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Arizona product (by dollars) was Pharmaceuticals with $23.6B, followed by Mixed freight ($20.7B) and Electronics ($16.4B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Arizona products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Arizona state.

$158B

2015 Value

$290B

Projected 2045 Value

83.3% growth

In 2015, total outbound Arizona trade was $158B. This is expected to increase 83.3% to $290B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Arizona trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Arizona to other states, or from other states to Arizona.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $21.9B

  2. $8.27B

  3. $4.07B

In 2015, the top outbound Arizona domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was California with $21.9B, followed by Texas with $8.27B and New Mexico and $4.07B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Arizona shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.3% of the population of Tucson, AZ has health coverage, with 37.3% on employee plans, 24.7% on Medicaid, 9.9% on Medicare, 13.5% on non-group plans, and 3.9% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Tucson, AZ was $6,452 in 2014. This is a 3.03% increase from the previous year ($6,262).

Primary care physicians in Tucson, AZ see 1519 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.198% increase from the previous year (1516 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1660 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 820 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, La Paz County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.9%). Additionally, Apache County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arizona.

1,519 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Arizona see an average of 1,519 patients per year. This represents a 0.198% increase from the previous year (1,516 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Arizona in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arizona.

$6,452

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,035

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,032

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,096

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Arizona (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.03%, from $6,262 to $6,452.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.7%

Uninsured

37.3%

Employer Coverage

24.7%

Medicaid

9.9%

Medicare

13.5%

Non-Group

3.9%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Tucson, AZ grew by 5.12% from 10.2% to 10.7%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Tucson, AZ changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.9% prevalence

  2. 14.3% prevalence

  3. 13.1% prevalence

La Paz County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Arizona, at 14.9%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Arizona by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Tucson, AZ is home to a population of 536k people, from which 92.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 14.9% of Tucson, AZ residents were born outside of the country (80k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Tucson, AZ is composed of 240k Hispanic or Latino residents (44.9%), 231k White Alone residents (43.2%), 23.7k Black or African American Alone residents (4.42%), 15.4k Asian Alone residents (2.88%), 12.7k Two or More Races residents (2.37%), 10.5k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (1.97%), 1.03k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.192%), and 601 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.112%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Tucson, AZ are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

31

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.7

46

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Tucson, AZ was 34.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 31, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 46. But people in Tucson, AZ are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Tucson, AZ residents was 33.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

14.9%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

80k people

15.1%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

80.3k people

As of 2017, 14.9% of Tucson, AZ residents (80k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Tucson, AZ was 15.1%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Tucson, AZ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Arizona.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    503,579 ± 16,786 people

  2. India

    47,415 ± 5,328 people

  3. Canada

    42,280 ± 5,033 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Arizona was Mexico, the natal country of 503,579 Arizona residents, followed by India with 47,415 and Canada with 42,280.

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Citizenship

92.5%

2017 Citizenship

90.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 92.5% of Tucson, AZ residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Tucson, AZ was 90.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Tucson, AZ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    240k ± 11.3k

  2. White Alone

    231k ± 5.59k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    23.7k ± 2.42k

In 2017, there were 1.04 times more Hispanic or Latino residents (240k people) in Tucson, AZ than any other race or ethnicity. There were 231k White Alone and 23.7k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Tucson, AZ as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Tucson, AZ citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Tucson, AZ was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Tucson, AZ are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    12,820 ± 1,502

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    10,555 ± 1,725

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    4,250 ± 980

Tucson, AZ has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.21 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Tucson, AZ awarded 19,335 degrees. The student population of Tucson, AZ is skewed towards women, with 33,648 male students and 38,678 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Tucson, AZ are White (9,328 and 51%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (5,680 and 31.1%), Asian (852 and 4.66%), and Black or African American (710 and 3.88%).

The largest universities in Tucson, AZ by number of degrees awarded are University of Arizona (10,411 and 53.8%), Pima Community College (5,931 and 30.7%), and Pima Medical Institute-Tucson (1,219 and 6.3%).

The most popular majors in Tucson, AZ are Liberal Arts & Sciences (2,488 and 12.9%), Registered Nursing (554 and 2.87%), and General Studies (540 and 2.79%).

The median tuition costs in Tucson, AZ are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $10,160 and $30,759 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 490 degrees awarded

  2. 321 degrees awarded

  3. 299 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Tucson, AZ was General Psychology with 490 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Tucson, AZ according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 10,411 degrees awarded

  2. 5,931 degrees awarded

  3. 1,219 degrees awarded

$10,160

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Tucson, AZ institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Arizona with 10,411 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

8,428

Degrees Awarded to Men

10,907

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 8,428 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Tucson, AZ, which is 0.773 times less than the 10,907 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Tucson, AZ by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    9,328 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    5,680 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    852 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Tucson, AZ were to White students. These 9,328 degrees mean that there were 1.64 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 5,680 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Tucson, AZ was $150,400 in 2017, which is 0.691 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $144,000 to $150,400, a 4.44% increase. The homeownership rate in Tucson, AZ is 51.1%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Tucson, AZ have an average commute time of 21.2 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Tucson, AZ is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$41,613

Median Household Income

± $1,581

212k

Number of Households

± 6,988

In 2017, the median household income of the 212k households in Tucson, AZ grew to $41,613 from the previous year's value of $40,021.

The following chart displays the households in Tucson, AZ distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$150,400

2017 Median

± $4,109

$144,000

2016 Median

± $4,847

In 2017, the median property value in Tucson, AZ grew to to $150,400 from the previous year's value of $144,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Tucson, AZ compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Tucson, AZ the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Tucson, AZ distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Tucson, AZ the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

51.1%

2017 Homeownership

50.5%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 51.1% of the housing units in Tucson, AZ were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 50.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Tucson, AZ compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Tucson, AZ distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Tucson, AZ have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

21.2 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Tucson, AZ have a shorter commute time (21.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.37% of the workforce in Tucson, AZ have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Tucson, AZ compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    73.6%

  2. Carpooled

    10.6%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.99%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Tucson, AZ was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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