Madison County, TN

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Population

97,887

0.246% decline

Median Age

37.9


Median Household Income

$44,496

0.585% growth

Poverty Rate

20.3%


Number of Employees

43,003

0.252% growth

Median Property Value

$126,100

2.19% growth

About

In 2017, Madison County, TN had a population of 97.9k people with a median age of 37.9 and a median household income of $44,496. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Madison County, TN declined from 98,128 to 97,887, a -0.246% decrease and its median household income grew from $44,237 to $44,496, a 0.585% increase.

The population of Madison County, TN is 56.5% White Alone, 37.1% Black or African American Alone, and 3.65% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Madison County, TN speak a non-English language, and 98.7% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Madison County, TN are Union University (1,168 degrees awarded in 2016), Jackson State Community College (654 degrees), and Tennessee College of Applied Technology-Jackson (363 degrees).

The median property value in Madison County, TN is $126,100, and the homeownership rate is 63.4%. Most people in Madison County, TN commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 18 minutes. The average car ownership in Madison County, TN is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: City at night

Economy

The economy of Madison County, TN employs 43k people. The largest industries in Madison County, TN are Health Care & Social Assistance (8,265 people), Retail Trade (5,937 people), and Manufacturing (5,469 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($56,250), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($44,201), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($43,279).

Median household income in Madison County, TN is $44,496. Males in Madison County, TN have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $42,201. The income inequality in Madison County, TN (measured using the Gini index) is 0.466, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$44,496

2017 value

± $2,056

0.585%

1 Year Growth

± 6.14%

Households in Madison County, TN have a median annual income of $44,496, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $44,237 in 2016, which represents a 0.585% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Madison County, TN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Tennessee.

$57,961

Average Male Salary

± $1,374

$42,201

Average Female Salary

± $943

In 2017, full-time male employees in Tennessee made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Tennessee by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Tennessee.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $53,011 ± $6,619

  2. White

    $46,471 ± $904

  3. American Indian

    $40,237 ± $11,516

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Tennessee workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.14 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Tennessee by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Madison County, TN is from Tennessee.

0.466

2017 Wage GINI

0.465

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Tennessee was 0.466 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.325% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Tennessee was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Tennessee in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Tennessee across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 16.10

  2. Census Tract 16.09

  3. Census Tract 16.08

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Madison County, TN was Census Tract 16.10 with a value of $110,815, followed by Census Tract 16.09 and Census Tract 16.08, with respective values of $71,058 and $66,705.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Madison County, TN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

20.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Madison County, TN (19.1k out of 94.3k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    10,908 ± 716

  2. White

    7,530 ± 699

  3. Hispanic

    1,532 ± 369

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Madison County, TN is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

43k

2017 Value

± 1,589

0.252%

1 Year growth

± 5.04%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Madison County, TN grew at a rate of 0.252%, from 42.9k employees to 43k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Madison County, TN, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (5,464 people), Sales & Related Occupations (5,372 people), and Production Occupations (3,982 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Madison County, TN.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Madison County, TN, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (5,464 people), Sales & Related Occupations (5,372 people), and Production Occupations (3,982 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Madison County, TN has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (1.6 times higher than expected), Health Technologists & Technicians (1.43 times), and Community & Social Service Occupations (1.33 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Madison County, TN, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($61,965), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($61,458), and Management Occupations ($60,366).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

43k

2017 Value

± 1,589

0.252%

1 Year growth

± 5.04%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Madison County, TN grew at a rate of 0.252%, from 42.9k employees to 43k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Madison County, TN, are Health Care & Social Assistance (8,265 people), Retail Trade (5,937 people), and Manufacturing (5,469 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Madison County, TN, though some of these residents may live in Madison County, TN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Madison County, TN, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (8,265 people), Retail Trade (5,937 people), and Manufacturing (5,469 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Madison County, TN has an unusually high number of Health Care & Social Assistance (1.39 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.26 times), and Retail Trade (1.21 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Madison County, TN, by median earnings, are Utilities ($56,250), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($44,201), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($43,279).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Tennessee to other states, or from other states to Tennessee.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $33.7B

  2. $31.1B

  3. $26.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Tennessee product (by dollars) was Pharmaceuticals with $33.7B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($31.1B) and Mixed freight ($26.9B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Tennessee products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Tennessee state.

$333B

2015 Value

$525B

Projected 2045 Value

57.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Tennessee trade was $333B. This is expected to increase 57.7% to $525B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Tennessee trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Tennessee to other states, or from other states to Tennessee.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $27.6B

  2. $17.3B

  3. $16.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Tennessee domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Kentucky with $27.6B, followed by Texas with $17.3B and Georgia and $16.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Tennessee shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

90.7% of the population of Madison County, TN has health coverage, with 45.6% on employee plans, 19.2% on Medicaid, 12.9% on Medicare, 11.6% on non-group plans, and 1.39% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Madison County, TN was $7,372 in 2014. This is a 3.74% increase from the previous year ($7,106).

Primary care physicians in Madison County, TN see 757 patients per year on average, which represents a 5.58% increase from the previous year (717 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1480 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 444 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Dyer County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.5%). Additionally, Hardeman County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

757 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Madison County, TN see an average of 757 patients per year. This represents a 5.58% increase from the previous year (717 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Madison County, TN in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.

$7,372

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,680

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,677

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,371

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Tennessee (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.74%, from $7,106 to $7,372.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.28%

Uninsured

45.6%

Employer Coverage

19.2%

Medicaid

12.9%

Medicare

11.6%

Non-Group

1.39%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Madison County, TN declined by 12.8% from 10.6% to 9.28%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Madison County, TN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 17.5% prevalence

  2. 17% prevalence

  3. 16.8% prevalence

Dyer County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Tennessee, at 17.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Tennessee by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Madison County, TN is home to a population of 97.9k people, from which 98.7% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.69% of Madison County, TN residents were born outside of the country (2.63k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Madison County, TN is composed of 55.3k White Alone residents (56.5%), 36.3k Black or African American Alone residents (37.1%), 3.58k Hispanic or Latino residents (3.65%), 1.52k Two or More Races residents (1.55%), 1.05k Asian Alone residents (1.07%), 60 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0613%), 41 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0419%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Madison County, TN are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

38

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 5.9

In 2017, the median age of all people in Madison County, TN was 37.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 38, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Madison County, TN are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Madison County, TN residents was 38.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.69%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

2.63k people

2.54%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

2.49k people

As of 2017, 2.69% of Madison County, TN residents (2.63k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Madison County, TN was 2.54%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Madison County, TN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Tennessee.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    92,263 ± 7,405 people

  2. India

    21,162 ± 3,566 people

  3. Guatemala

    12,669 ± 2,761 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Tennessee was Mexico, the natal country of 92,263 Tennessee residents, followed by India with 21,162 and Guatemala with 12,669.

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Citizenship

98.7%

2017 Citizenship

98.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.7% of Madison County, TN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Madison County, TN was 98.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Madison County, TN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    55.3k ± 29

  2. Black or African American Alone

    36.3k ± 296

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    3.58k ± 475

In 2017, there were 1.52 times more White Alone residents (55.3k people) in Madison County, TN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 36.3k Black or African American Alone and 3.58k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Madison County, TN as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Madison County, TN citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Madison County, TN was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Madison County, TN are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,029 ± 268

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    970 ± 286

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    925 ± 220

Madison County, TN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.09 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Madison County, TN awarded 2,521 degrees. The student population of Madison County, TN is skewed towards women, with 3,981 male students and 6,260 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Madison County, TN are White (1,691 and 67.6%), followed by Black or African American (613 and 24.5%), Unknown (74 and 2.96%), and Hispanic or Latino (46 and 1.84%).

The largest universities in Madison County, TN by number of degrees awarded are Union University (1,168 and 46.3%), Jackson State Community College (654 and 25.9%), and Tennessee College of Applied Technology-Jackson (363 and 14.4%).

The most popular majors in Madison County, TN are Liberal Arts & Sciences (349 and 13.8%), Registered Nursing (228 and 9.04%), and General Business Administration & Management (120 and 4.76%).

The median tuition costs in Madison County, TN are $19,150 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Madison County, TN was Other Business Administration, Management, & Operations with 109 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Madison County, TN according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,168 degrees awarded

  2. 654 degrees awarded

  3. 363 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$19,150

Median Private

In 2016, the Madison County, TN institution with the largest number of graduating students was Union University with 1,168 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

943

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,578

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 943 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Madison County, TN, which is 0.598 times less than the 1,578 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Madison County, TN by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,691 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    613 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    74 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Madison County, TN were to White students. These 1,691 degrees mean that there were 2.76 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 613 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Madison County, TN was $126,100 in 2017, which is 0.58 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $123,400 to $126,100, a 2.19% increase. The homeownership rate in Madison County, TN is 63.4%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Madison County, TN have an average commute time of 18 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Madison County, TN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$44,496

Median Household Income

± $2,056

37.1k

Number of Households

± 1,303

In 2017, the median household income of the 37.1k households in Madison County, TN grew to $44,496 from the previous year's value of $44,237.

The following chart displays the households in Madison County, TN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$126,100

2017 Median

± $4,605

$123,400

2016 Median

± $3,266

In 2017, the median property value in Madison County, TN grew to to $126,100 from the previous year's value of $123,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Madison County, TN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Madison County, TN the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Madison County, TN distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Madison County, TN the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

63.4%

2017 Homeownership

63.5%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 63.4% of the housing units in Madison County, TN were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 63.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Madison County, TN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Madison County, TN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Madison County, TN have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

18 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Madison County, TN have a shorter commute time (18 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.07% of the workforce in Madison County, TN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Madison County, TN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    85.8%

  2. Carpooled

    6.68%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.95%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Madison County, TN was Drove Alone (85.8%), followed by those who Carpooled (6.68%) and those who Worked At Home (2.95%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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