Jefferson County, PA

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Population

44,258

0.711% decline

Median Age

43.9


Median Household Income

$45,342

3.25% growth

Poverty Rate

14.2%


Number of Employees

19,833

0.352% decline

Median Property Value

$96,700

2.65% growth

About

In 2017, Jefferson County, PA had a population of 44.3k people with a median age of 43.9 and a median household income of $45,342. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Jefferson County, PA declined from 44,575 to 44,258, a -0.711% decrease and its median household income grew from $43,913 to $45,342, a 3.25% increase.

The population of Jefferson County, PA is 97.3% White Alone, 0.831% Hispanic or Latino, and 0.761% Two or More Races. N/A% of the people in Jefferson County, PA speak a non-English language, and 99.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Jefferson County, PA are Triangle Tech Inc-Dubois (85 degrees awarded in 2017) and Jefferson County Dubois Area Vocational Technical Practical Nursing Program (15 degrees).

The median property value in Jefferson County, PA is $96,700, and the homeownership rate is 74.9%. Most people in Jefferson County, PA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Jefferson County, PA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Farm, hills and grasslands in rural Pennsylvania.

Economy

The economy of Jefferson County, PA employs 19.8k people. The largest industries in Jefferson County, PA are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,637 people), Manufacturing (3,341 people), and Retail Trade (2,214 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($51,438), Utilities ($50,438), and Public Administration ($43,491).

Median household income in Jefferson County, PA is $45,342. Males in Jefferson County, PA have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $49,502. The income inequality in Jefferson County, PA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.469, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$45,342

2017 value

± $1,246

3.25%

1 Year Growth

± 3.85%

Households in Jefferson County, PA have a median annual income of $45,342, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $43,913 in 2016, which represents a 3.25% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Jefferson County, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

$67,039

Average Male Salary

± $1,040

$49,502

Average Female Salary

± $757

In 2017, full-time male employees in Pennsylvania made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Pennsylvania by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $61,450 ± $4,076

  2. White

    $51,412 ± $642

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $38,644 ± $21,965

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Pennsylvania workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.2 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Pennsylvania by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Jefferson County, PA is from Pennsylvania.

0.469

2017 Wage GINI

0.469

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Pennsylvania was 0.469 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.19% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Pennsylvania was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Pennsylvania in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Pennsylvania across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9504

  2. Census Tract 9502

  3. Census Tract 9509

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Jefferson County, PA was Census Tract 9504 with a value of $55,909, followed by Census Tract 9502 and Census Tract 9509, with respective values of $52,038 and $52,025.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Jefferson County, PA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 35 - 44

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

14.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Jefferson County, PA (6.16k out of 43.4k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 35 - 44, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    5,941 ± 333

  2. Black

    81 ± 99

  3. Hispanic

    77 ± 101

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Jefferson County, PA is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

19.8k

2017 Value

± 546

-0.352%

1 Year decline

± 3.85%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Jefferson County, PA declined at a rate of -0.352%, from 19.9k employees to 19.8k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Jefferson County, PA, are Production Occupations (2,319 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,230 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,678 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, PA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, PA, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (2,319 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,230 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,678 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jefferson County, PA has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (2.02 times higher than expected), Material Moving Occupations (1.84 times), and Transportation Occupations (1.75 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, PA, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($63,750), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($61,116), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($55,521).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

19.8k

2017 Value

± 546

-0.352%

1 Year decline

± 3.85%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Jefferson County, PA declined at a rate of -0.352%, from 19.9k employees to 19.8k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Jefferson County, PA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,637 people), Manufacturing (3,341 people), and Retail Trade (2,214 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Jefferson County, PA, though some of these residents may live in Jefferson County, PA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Jefferson County, PA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,637 people), Manufacturing (3,341 people), and Retail Trade (2,214 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jefferson County, PA has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (7.32 times higher than expected), Utilities (1.91 times), and Manufacturing (1.66 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Jefferson County, PA, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($51,438), Utilities ($50,438), and Public Administration ($43,491).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $88.5B

  2. $57.4B

  3. $55.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $88.5B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($57.4B) and Pharmaceuticals ($55.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Pennsylvania products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Pennsylvania state.

$671B

2020 Value

$954B

Projected 2045 Value

42.2% growth

In 2020, total outbound Pennsylvania trade was $671B. This is expected to increase 42.2% to $954B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Pennsylvania trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $65.4B

  2. $62.6B

  3. $35.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $65.4B, followed by New Jersey with $62.6B and Ohio and $35.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Pennsylvania shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91.4% of the population of Jefferson County, PA has health coverage, with 46% on employee plans, 15.6% on Medicaid, 14.6% on Medicare, 13.9% on non-group plans, and 1.32% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Jefferson County, PA was $9,258 in 2014. This is a 4.29% increase from the previous year ($8,877).

Primary care physicians in Jefferson County, PA see 2116 patients per year on average, which represents a 9.92% decrease from the previous year (2349 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2204 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1469 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16%). Additionally, Clearfield County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,116 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Jefferson County, PA see an average of 2,116 patients per year. This represents a 9.92% decrease from the previous year (2,349 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Jefferson County, PA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

$9,258

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,634

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,407

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,243

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Pennsylvania (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.29%, from $8,877 to $9,258.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.63%

Uninsured

46%

Employer Coverage

15.6%

Medicaid

14.6%

Medicare

13.9%

Non-Group

1.32%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Jefferson County, PA declined by 11% from 9.7% to 8.63%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Jefferson County, PA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16% prevalence

  2. 13.4% prevalence

  3. 13.2% prevalence

Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania, at 16%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Jefferson County, PA is home to a population of 44.3k people, from which 99.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 0.54% of Jefferson County, PA residents were born outside of the country (239 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Jefferson County, PA is composed of 43.1k White Alone residents (97.3%), 368 Hispanic or Latino residents (0.831%), 337 Two or More Races residents (0.761%), 244 Black or African American Alone residents (0.551%), 114 Asian Alone residents (0.258%), 106 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.24%), 14 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0316%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

Age

Age by Nativity

44

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

53

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 10.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Jefferson County, PA was 43.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 44, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 53. But people in Jefferson County, PA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Jefferson County, PA residents was 44.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

0.54%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

239 people

0.536%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

239 people

As of 2017, 0.54% of Jefferson County, PA residents (239 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Jefferson County, PA was 0.536%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Jefferson County, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    81,562 ± 6,989 people

  2. China

    63,036 ± 6,149 people

  3. Mexico

    54,918 ± 5,741 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Pennsylvania was India, the natal country of 81,562 Pennsylvania residents, followed by China with 63,036 and Mexico with 54,918.

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Citizenship

99.8%

2017 Citizenship

99.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.8% of Jefferson County, PA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Jefferson County, PA was 99.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Jefferson County, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    43.1k ± 20

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    368 ± 62

  3. Two or More Races

    337 ± 76.7

In 2017, there were 117 times more White Alone residents (43.1k people) in Jefferson County, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 368 Hispanic or Latino and 337 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Jefferson County, PA as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,213 ± 148

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    377 ± 66

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    371 ± 70

Jefferson County, PA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.22 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Jefferson County, PA awarded 100 degrees. The student population of Jefferson County, PA is skewed towards men, with 131 male students and 36 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Jefferson County, PA are White (94 and 94%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (4 and 4%), Two or More Races (1 and 1%), and American Indian or Alaska Native (1 and 1%).

The largest universities in Jefferson County, PA by number of degrees awarded are Triangle Tech Inc-Dubois (85 and 85%) and Jefferson County Dubois Area Vocational Technical Practical Nursing Program (15 and 15%).

The most popular majors in Jefferson County, PA are Electrician (40 and 40%), Welding Technology (38 and 38%), and Licensed Practical & Vocational Nurse Training (15 and 15%).

The median tuition costs in Jefferson County, PA are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 40 degrees awarded

  2. 38 degrees awarded

  3. 7 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Jefferson County, PA was Electrician with 40 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Jefferson County, PA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 85 degrees awarded

  2. 15 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Jefferson County, PA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Triangle Tech Inc-Dubois with 85 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

80

Degrees Awarded to Men

20

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 80 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Jefferson County, PA, which is 4 times more than the 20 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Jefferson County, PA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    94 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    4 degrees awarded

  3. Two or More Races

    1 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Jefferson County, PA were to White students. These 94 degrees mean that there were 23.5 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 4 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Jefferson County, PA was $96,700 in 2017, which is 0.421 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $94,200 to $96,700, a 2.65% increase. The homeownership rate in Jefferson County, PA is 74.9%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Jefferson County, PA have an average commute time of 22.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Jefferson County, PA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$96,700

2017 Median

± $2,406

$94,200

2016 Median

± $2,296

In 2017, the median property value in Jefferson County, PA grew to to $96,700 from the previous year's value of $94,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Jefferson County, PA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jefferson County, PA the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$45,342

Median Household Income

± $1,246

18.5k

Number of Households

± 516

In 2017, the median household income of the 18.5k households in Jefferson County, PA grew to $45,342 from the previous year's value of $43,913.

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson County, PA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Jefferson County, PA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jefferson County, PA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

74.9%

2017 Homeownership

74.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 74.9% of the housing units in Jefferson County, PA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 74.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Jefferson County, PA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

22.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Jefferson County, PA have a shorter commute time (22.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 3.34% of the workforce in Jefferson County, PA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Jefferson County, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    83.2%

  2. Carpooled

    8.45%

  3. Walked

    4.04%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Jefferson County, PA was Drove Alone (83.2%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.45%) and those who Walked (4.04%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson County, PA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Jefferson County, PA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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