Wayne County, MI

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Population

1.75M

0.0158% growth

Poverty Rate

23.7%


Median Age

38.1


Median Household Income

$46,390

2.78% growth

Number of Employees

753,512

2.2% growth

Median Property Value

$120,700

5.51% growth

About

In 2018, Wayne County, MI had a population of 1.75M people with a median age of 38.1 and a median household income of $46,390. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Wayne County, MI grew from 1.75M to 1.75M, a 0.0158% increase and its median household income grew from $45,135 to $46,390, a 2.78% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Wayne County, MI are White (Non-Hispanic) (49.3%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (38.4%), White (Hispanic) (3.82%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (3.38%), and Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) (2.2%). 15.3% of the people in Wayne County, MI speak a non-English language, and 95.7% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Wayne County, MI are Wayne State University (6,809 degrees awarded in 2017), Wayne County Community College District (2,232 degrees), and University of Michigan-Dearborn (2,208 degrees).

The median property value in Wayne County, MI is $120,700, and the homeownership rate is 62%. Most people in Wayne County, MI commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 24.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Wayne County, MI is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Crosswinds Marsh County Park was once farm fields but is now one of the largest man-made marshes in the country with more than 5 miles of foot trails.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Michigan. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Michigan, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Michigan (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Michigan. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Michigan across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Wayne County, MI employs 754k people. The largest industries in Wayne County, MI are Manufacturing (140,598 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (116,107 people), and Retail Trade (74,889 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($95,271), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($71,523), and Utilities ($59,624).

Median household income in Wayne County, MI is $46,390. Males in Wayne County, MI have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $48,599. The income inequality in Wayne County, MI (measured using the Gini index) is 0.472, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$46,390

2018 value

± $861

2.78%

1 Year Growth

± 2.67%

Households in Wayne County, MI have a median annual income of $46,390, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $45,135 in 2017, which represents a 2.78% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Wayne County, MI compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

$66,961

Average Male Salary

± $1,155

$48,599

Average Female Salary

± $853

In 2018, full-time male employees in Michigan made 1.38 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Michigan by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $88,578 ± $80,802

  2. Asian

    $69,562 ± $4,799

  3. White

    $51,075 ± $730

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Michigan workers was Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. These workers were paid 1.27 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Michigan by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Wayne County, MI is from Michigan.

0.472

2018 Wage GINI

0.473

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Michigan was 0.472 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.175% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for Michigan was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Michigan in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Michigan across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 5613

  2. Census Tract 5506

  3. Census Tract 5645.01

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Wayne County, MI was Census Tract 5613 with a value of $195,550, followed by Census Tract 5506 and Census Tract 5645.01, with respective values of $177,917 and $162,000.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Wayne County, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

23.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Wayne County, MI (414k out of 1.74M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    237,954 ± 2,974

  2. White

    140,664 ± 2,440

  3. Hispanic

    28,189 ± 1,063

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Wayne County, MI is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

754k

2018 Value

± 13,417

2.2%

1 Year growth

± 2.47%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Wayne County, MI grew at a rate of 2.2%, from 737k employees to 754k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Wayne County, MI, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (89,583 people), Production Occupations (71,317 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (68,690 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Wayne County, MI.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Wayne County, MI, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (89,583 people), Production Occupations (71,317 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (68,690 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Wayne County, MI has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (1.73 times higher than expected), Healthcare Support Occupations (1.54 times), and Material Moving Occupations (1.52 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Wayne County, MI, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($86,567), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($75,749), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($66,194).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

754k

2018 Value

± 13,417

2.2%

1 Year growth

± 2.47%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Wayne County, MI grew at a rate of 2.2%, from 737k employees to 754k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Wayne County, MI, are Manufacturing (140,598 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (116,107 people), and Retail Trade (74,889 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Wayne County, MI, though some of these residents may live in Wayne County, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Wayne County, MI, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (140,598 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (116,107 people), and Retail Trade (74,889 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Wayne County, MI has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (1.92 times higher than expected), Transportation & Warehousing (1.23 times), and Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.12 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Wayne County, MI, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($95,271), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($71,523), and Utilities ($59,624).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $138B

  2. $38.2B

  3. $36.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $138B, followed by Mixed freight ($38.2B) and Machinery ($36.1B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Michigan products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Michigan state.

$480B

2020 Value

$623B

Projected 2045 Value

29.8% growth

In 2020, total outbound Michigan trade was $480B. This is expected to increase 29.8% to $623B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Michigan trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $37.4B

  2. $27.2B

  3. $21.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $37.4B, followed by Indiana with $27.2B and Illinois and $21.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Michigan shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94.1% of the population of Wayne County, MI has health coverage, with 42.5% on employee plans, 30% on Medicaid, 11.3% on Medicare, 9.58% on non-group plans, and 0.739% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Wayne County, MI was $8,055 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,745).

Primary care physicians in Wayne County, MI see 1470 patients per year on average, which represents a 3.03% decrease from the previous year (1516 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1489 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 388 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Saginaw County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,470 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Wayne County, MI see an average of 1,470 patients per year. This represents a 3.03% decrease from the previous year (1,516 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Wayne County, MI in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

$8,055

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,950

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,915

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,318

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Michigan (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,745 to $8,055.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.94%

Uninsured

42.5%

Employer Coverage

30%

Medicaid

11.3%

Medicare

9.58%

Non-Group

0.739%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Wayne County, MI declined by 0.765% from 5.98% to 5.94%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Wayne County, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.1% prevalence

  3. 14.1% prevalence

Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Michigan, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Michigan by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Wayne County, MI is home to a population of 1.75M people, from which 95.7% are citizens. As of 2017, 8.74% of Wayne County, MI residents were born outside of the country (153k people).

In 2018, there were 1.29 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (865k people) in Wayne County, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 673k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 67k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common foreign languages spoken in Wayne County, MI are Arabic (89,296 speakers), Spanish (72,785 speakers), and Bengali (12,677 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

37

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

44

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.8

In 2018, the median age of all people in Wayne County, MI was 38.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 37, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Wayne County, MI are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Wayne County, MI residents was 38.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

8.74%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

153k people

8.39%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

147k people

As of 2017, 8.74% of Wayne County, MI residents (153k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Wayne County, MI was 8.39%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Wayne County, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    89,142 ± 7,297 people

  2. India

    75,308 ± 6,712 people

  3. Iraq

    66,449 ± 6,308 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Michigan was Mexico, the natal country of 89,142 Michigan residents, followed by India with 75,308 and Iraq with 66,449.

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Citizenship

95.7%

2018 Citizenship

95.6%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 95.7% of Wayne County, MI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Wayne County, MI was 95.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Wayne County, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Wayne County, MI

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    865k ± 1.84k

  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)

    673k ± 3.57k

  3. White (Hispanic)

    67k ± 5.2k

In 2018, there were 1.29 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (865k people) in Wayne County, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 673k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 67k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Wayne County, MI as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Arabic

    89,296 speakers (5.45%)

  2. Spanish

    72,785 speakers (4.44%)

  3. Bengali

    12,677 speakers (0.773%)

15.3% of Wayne County, MI citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.9%. In 2018, the most common non-English language spoken in Wayne County, MI was Arabic. 5.45% of the overall population of Wayne County, MI are native Arabic speakers. 4.44% speak Spanish and 0.773% speak Arabic, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    25,769 ± 1,985

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    11,003 ± 2,030

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    9,420 ± 1,440

Wayne County, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.34 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Wayne County, MI awarded 19,240 degrees. The student population of Wayne County, MI is skewed towards women, with 38,855 male students and 49,152 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Wayne County, MI are White (10,421 and 59.6%), followed by Black or African American (4,005 and 22.9%), Unknown (1,004 and 5.74%), and Asian (876 and 5.01%).

The largest universities in Wayne County, MI by number of degrees awarded are Wayne State University (6,809 and 35.4%), Wayne County Community College District (2,232 and 11.6%), and University of Michigan-Dearborn (2,208 and 11.5%).

The most popular majors in Wayne County, MI are Liberal Arts & Sciences (1,438 and 7.47%), Registered Nursing (1,059 and 5.5%), and General Business Administration & Management (886 and 4.6%).

The median tuition costs in Wayne County, MI are $22,200 for private four year colleges, and $7,983 and $15,062 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 587 degrees awarded

  2. 586 degrees awarded

  3. 430 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Wayne County, MI was General Psychology with 587 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Wayne County, MI according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 6,809 degrees awarded

  2. 2,232 degrees awarded

  3. 2,208 degrees awarded

$7,983

Median In-State Public

$22,200

Median Private

In 2017, the Wayne County, MI institution with the largest number of graduating students was Wayne State University with 6,809 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

7,887

Degrees Awarded to Men

11,353

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 7,887 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Wayne County, MI, which is 0.695 times less than the 11,353 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Wayne County, MI by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    10,421 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    4,005 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    1,004 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Wayne County, MI were to White students. These 10,421 degrees mean that there were 2.6 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 4,005 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Wayne County, MI was $120,700 in 2018, which is 0.525 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $114,400 to $120,700, a 5.51% increase. The homeownership rate in Wayne County, MI is 62%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Wayne County, MI have an average commute time of 24.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Wayne County, MI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$120,700

2018 Median

± $2,476

$114,400

2017 Median

± $2,142

In 2018, the median property value in Wayne County, MI grew to to $120,700 from the previous year's value of $114,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Wayne County, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Wayne County, MI the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$46,390

Median Household Income

± $861

688k

Number of Households

± 12,126

In 2018, the median household income of the 688k households in Wayne County, MI grew to $46,390 from the previous year's value of $45,135.

The following chart displays the households in Wayne County, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Wayne County, MI distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Wayne County, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

62%

2018 Homeownership

61.6%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 62% of the housing units in Wayne County, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 61.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Wayne County, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

24.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Wayne County, MI have a shorter commute time (24.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.7% of the workforce in Wayne County, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Wayne County, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    80.1%

  2. Carpooled

    9.95%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.84%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Wayne County, MI was Drove Alone (80.1%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.95%) and those who Worked At Home (3.84%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Wayne County, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Wayne County, MI have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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