Fayette County, IA

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Population

20,139

1.24% decline

Median Age

43.7


Median Household Income

$48,412

1.47% growth

Poverty Rate

12.8%


Number of Employees

10,036

0.915% growth

Median Property Value

$90,800

1.34% growth

About

In 2017, Fayette County, IA had a population of 20.1k people with a median age of 43.7 and a median household income of $48,412. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Fayette County, IA declined from 20,391 to 20,139, a -1.24% decrease and its median household income grew from $47,711 to $48,412, a 1.47% increase.

The population of Fayette County, IA is 94.1% White Alone, 2.26% Hispanic or Latino, and 1.44% Two or More Races. N/A% of the people in Fayette County, IA speak a non-English language, and 99.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Fayette County, IA are Upper Iowa University (1,458 degrees awarded in 2017).

The median property value in Fayette County, IA is $90,800, and the homeownership rate is 75.8%. Most people in Fayette County, IA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 17.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Fayette County, IA is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Fayette County, IA employs 10k people. The largest industries in Fayette County, IA are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,716 people), Manufacturing (1,428 people), and Retail Trade (1,145 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($64,250), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($61,667), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($40,900).

Median household income in Fayette County, IA is $48,412. Males in Fayette County, IA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,006. The income inequality in Fayette County, IA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.443, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$48,412

2017 value

± $2,550

1.47%

1 Year Growth

± 6.37%

Households in Fayette County, IA have a median annual income of $48,412, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $47,711 in 2016, which represents a 1.47% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Fayette County, IA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Iowa.

$58,922

Average Male Salary

± $1,635

$44,006

Average Female Salary

± $1,197

In 2017, full-time male employees in Iowa made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Iowa by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Iowa.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $50,374 ± $7,648

  2. White

    $44,731 ± $967

  3. Black

    $32,234 ± $4,518

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Iowa workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Iowa by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Fayette County, IA is from Iowa.

0.443

2017 Wage GINI

0.445

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Iowa was 0.443 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.563% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Iowa was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Iowa in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Iowa across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 803

  2. Census Tract 807

  3. Census Tract 806

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Fayette County, IA was Census Tract 803 with a value of $65,994, followed by Census Tract 807 and Census Tract 806, with respective values of $57,250 and $50,445.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Fayette County, IA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

12.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Fayette County, IA (2.47k out of 19.4k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    2,202 ± 218

  2. Black

    143 ± 101

  3. Hispanic

    101 ± 90

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Fayette County, IA is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

10k

2017 Value

± 458

0.915%

1 Year growth

± 6.33%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Fayette County, IA grew at a rate of 0.915%, from 9.95k employees to 10k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Fayette County, IA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,093 people), Management Occupations (1,071 people), and Production Occupations (1,030 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Fayette County, IA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Fayette County, IA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,093 people), Management Occupations (1,071 people), and Production Occupations (1,030 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Fayette County, IA has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (4.54 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (1.77 times), and Transportation Occupations (1.66 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Fayette County, IA, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($62,292), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($54,063), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($52,557).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

10k

2017 Value

± 458

0.915%

1 Year growth

± 6.33%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Fayette County, IA grew at a rate of 0.915%, from 9.95k employees to 10k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Fayette County, IA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,716 people), Manufacturing (1,428 people), and Retail Trade (1,145 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Fayette County, IA, though some of these residents may live in Fayette County, IA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Fayette County, IA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,716 people), Manufacturing (1,428 people), and Retail Trade (1,145 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Fayette County, IA has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (7.32 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.41 times), and Wholesale Trade (1.29 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Fayette County, IA, by median earnings, are Utilities ($64,250), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($61,667), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($40,900).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Iowa to other states, or from other states to Iowa.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $24.8B

  2. $20.9B

  3. $18.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Iowa product (by dollars) was Cereal grains with $24.8B, followed by Machinery ($20.9B) and Other ag prods. ($18.7B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Iowa products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Iowa state.

$265B

2020 Value

$363B

Projected 2045 Value

36.7% growth

In 2020, total outbound Iowa trade was $265B. This is expected to increase 36.7% to $363B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Iowa trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Iowa to other states, or from other states to Iowa.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $28.9B

  2. $17.7B

  3. $12.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Iowa domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Illinois with $28.9B, followed by Minnesota with $17.7B and Nebraska and $12.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Iowa shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94.2% of the population of Fayette County, IA has health coverage, with 42.2% on employee plans, 17.3% on Medicaid, 16.1% on Medicare, 17.5% on non-group plans, and 1.05% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Fayette County, IA was $8,200 in 2014. This is a 5.05% increase from the previous year ($7,806).

Primary care physicians in Fayette County, IA see 3376 patients per year on average, which represents a 16.2% increase from the previous year (2906 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2228 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 2865 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Appanoose County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (13.3%). Additionally, Union County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

3,376 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Fayette County, IA see an average of 3,376 patients per year. This represents a 16.2% increase from the previous year (2,906 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Fayette County, IA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.

$8,200

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,076

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,702

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,317

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Iowa (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.05%, from $7,806 to $8,200.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.83%

Uninsured

42.2%

Employer Coverage

17.3%

Medicaid

16.1%

Medicare

17.5%

Non-Group

1.05%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Fayette County, IA declined by 23.5% from 7.62% to 5.83%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Fayette County, IA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 13.3% prevalence

  2. 12.6% prevalence

  3. 12.1% prevalence

Appanoose County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Iowa, at 13.3%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Iowa by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Fayette County, IA is home to a population of 20.1k people, from which 99.1% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.45% of Fayette County, IA residents were born outside of the country (292 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Fayette County, IA is composed of 19k White Alone residents (94.1%), 455 Hispanic or Latino residents (2.26%), 291 Two or More Races residents (1.44%), 246 Black or African American Alone residents (1.22%), 184 Asian Alone residents (0.914%), 9 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0447%), 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

Age

Age by Nativity

44

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

27

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 10.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Fayette County, IA was 43.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 44, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 27. But people in Fayette County, IA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Fayette County, IA residents was 43.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.45%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

292 people

1.22%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

248 people

As of 2017, 1.45% of Fayette County, IA residents (292 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Fayette County, IA was 1.22%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Fayette County, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Iowa.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    41,844 ± 4,988 people

  2. China

    10,526 ± 2,515 people

  3. India

    10,455 ± 2,506 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Iowa was Mexico, the natal country of 41,844 Iowa residents, followed by China with 10,526 and India with 10,455.

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Citizenship

99.1%

2017 Citizenship

99.2%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.1% of Fayette County, IA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Fayette County, IA was 99.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Fayette County, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    19k ± 26

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    455 ± 116

  3. Two or More Races

    291 ± 102

In 2017, there were 41.7 times more White Alone residents (19k people) in Fayette County, IA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 455 Hispanic or Latino and 291 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Fayette County, IA as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    530 ± 84

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    158 ± 61

  3. Korea

    152 ± 44

Fayette County, IA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.35 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Fayette County, IA awarded 1,458 degrees. The student population of Fayette County, IA is skewed towards women, with 1,850 male students and 3,093 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Fayette County, IA are White (1,085 and 76.3%), followed by Black or African American (220 and 15.5%), Hispanic or Latino (56 and 3.94%), and Two or More Races (30 and 2.11%).

The largest universities in Fayette County, IA by number of degrees awarded are Upper Iowa University (1,458 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Fayette County, IA are General Business Administration & Management (298 and 20.4%), Accounting (117 and 8.02%), and General Psychology (113 and 7.75%).

The median tuition costs in Fayette County, IA are $28,850 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 204 degrees awarded

  2. 107 degrees awarded

  3. 106 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Fayette County, IA was General Business Administration & Management with 204 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Fayette County, IA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

1,458 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$28,850

Median Private

In 2017, the Fayette County, IA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Upper Iowa University with 1,458 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

531

Degrees Awarded to Men

927

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 531 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Fayette County, IA, which is 0.573 times less than the 927 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Fayette County, IA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,085 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    220 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    56 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Fayette County, IA were to White students. These 1,085 degrees mean that there were 4.93 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 220 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Fayette County, IA was $90,800 in 2017, which is 0.395 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $89,600 to $90,800, a 1.34% increase. The homeownership rate in Fayette County, IA is 75.8%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Fayette County, IA have an average commute time of 17.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Fayette County, IA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$90,800

2017 Median

± $3,905

$89,600

2016 Median

± $3,587

In 2017, the median property value in Fayette County, IA grew to to $90,800 from the previous year's value of $89,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Fayette County, IA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Fayette County, IA the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$48,412

Median Household Income

± $2,550

8.32k

Number of Households

± 396

In 2017, the median household income of the 8.32k households in Fayette County, IA grew to $48,412 from the previous year's value of $47,711.

The following chart displays the households in Fayette County, IA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Fayette County, IA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Fayette County, IA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

75.8%

2017 Homeownership

75.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 75.8% of the housing units in Fayette County, IA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 75.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Fayette County, IA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

17.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Fayette County, IA have a shorter commute time (17.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.63% of the workforce in Fayette County, IA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Fayette County, IA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    76.2%

  2. Worked At Home

    8.38%

  3. Carpooled

    7.98%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Fayette County, IA was Drove Alone (76.2%), followed by those who Worked At Home (8.38%) and those who Carpooled (7.98%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Fayette County, IA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Fayette County, IA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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