Jefferson County, IL

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Population

38,358

0.428% decline

Poverty Rate

18.9%


Median Age

40.9


Median Household Income

$46,109

6.08% growth

Number of Employees

15,916

1.39% decline

Median Property Value

$92,700

4.75% growth

About

In 2017, Jefferson County, IL had a population of 38.4k people with a median age of 40.9 and a median household income of $46,109. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Jefferson County, IL declined from 38,523 to 38,358, a -0.428% decrease and its median household income grew from $43,467 to $46,109, a 6.08% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Jefferson County, IL are White (Non-Hispanic) (85.8%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (8.49%), Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) (2%), White (Hispanic) (1.79%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (1.14%). N/A% of the people in Jefferson County, IL speak a non-English language, and 99.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Jefferson County, IL are Rend Lake College (1,202 degrees awarded in 2017).

The median property value in Jefferson County, IL is $92,700, and the homeownership rate is 73.3%. Most people in Jefferson County, IL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 19.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Jefferson County, IL is 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Illinois. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Illinois, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Illinois (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Illinois. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Illinois across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Jefferson County, IL employs 15.9k people. The largest industries in Jefferson County, IL are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,607 people), Manufacturing (2,442 people), and Retail Trade (2,166 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($51,667), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($51,094), and Public Administration ($47,168).

Median household income in Jefferson County, IL is $46,109. Males in Jefferson County, IL have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $52,403. The income inequality in Jefferson County, IL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.483, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$46,109

2017 value

± $1,918

6.08%

1 Year Growth

± 6.35%

Households in Jefferson County, IL have a median annual income of $46,109, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $43,467 in 2016, which represents a 6.08% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Jefferson County, IL compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

$71,579

Average Male Salary

± $1,160

$52,403

Average Female Salary

± $852

In 2017, full-time male employees in Illinois made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Illinois by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $65,613 ± $3,132

  2. White

    $56,297 ± $776

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $46,947 ± $14,340

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Illinois workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.17 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Illinois by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Jefferson County, IL is from Illinois.

0.483

2017 Wage GINI

0.481

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Illinois was 0.483 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.351% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Illinois was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Illinois in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Illinois across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 501

  2. Census Tract 506

  3. Census Tract 503

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Jefferson County, IL was Census Tract 501 with a value of $60,403, followed by Census Tract 506 and Census Tract 503, with respective values of $58,819 and $52,420.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Jefferson County, IL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

18.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Jefferson County, IL (6.73k out of 35.7k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 6 - 11 and then Males < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    5,549 ± 376

  2. Black

    791 ± 182

  3. Two Or More

    370 ± 119

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Jefferson County, IL is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

15.9k

2017 Value

± 609

-1.39%

1 Year decline

± 5.34%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Jefferson County, IL declined at a rate of -1.39%, from 16.1k employees to 15.9k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Jefferson County, IL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,256 people), Production Occupations (1,748 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,552 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, IL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, IL, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,256 people), Production Occupations (1,748 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,552 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jefferson County, IL has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (1.89 times higher than expected), Material Moving Occupations (1.79 times), and Transportation Occupations (1.44 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, IL, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($72,125), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($69,412), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($63,594).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

15.9k

2017 Value

± 609

-1.39%

1 Year decline

± 5.34%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Jefferson County, IL declined at a rate of -1.39%, from 16.1k employees to 15.9k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Jefferson County, IL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,607 people), Manufacturing (2,442 people), and Retail Trade (2,166 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Jefferson County, IL, though some of these residents may live in Jefferson County, IL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Jefferson County, IL, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,607 people), Manufacturing (2,442 people), and Retail Trade (2,166 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jefferson County, IL has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (1.78 times higher than expected), Wholesale Trade (1.66 times), and Manufacturing (1.52 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Jefferson County, IL, by median earnings, are Utilities ($51,667), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($51,094), and Public Administration ($47,168).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $82.9B

  2. $78.3B

  3. $75B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $82.9B, followed by Pharmaceuticals ($78.3B) and Gasoline ($75B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Illinois products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Illinois state.

$952B

2020 Value

$1.31T

Projected 2045 Value

37.7% growth

In 2020, total outbound Illinois trade was $952B. This is expected to increase 37.7% to $1.31T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Illinois trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $69.2B

  2. $54.7B

  3. $36.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Indiana with $69.2B, followed by Wisconsin with $54.7B and Michigan and $36.3B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Illinois shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.6% of the population of Jefferson County, IL has health coverage, with 42.5% on employee plans, 23.1% on Medicaid, 12.9% on Medicare, 11.1% on non-group plans, and 2.88% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Jefferson County, IL was $8,262 in 2014. This is a 4.44% increase from the previous year ($7,911).

Primary care physicians in Jefferson County, IL see 1370 patients per year on average, which represents a 7.56% decrease from the previous year (1482 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1923 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 601 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.7%). Additionally, Stephenson County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,370 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Jefferson County, IL see an average of 1,370 patients per year. This represents a 7.56% decrease from the previous year (1,482 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Jefferson County, IL in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.

$8,262

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,875

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$4,959

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,116

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Illinois (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.44%, from $7,911 to $8,262.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.44%

Uninsured

42.5%

Employer Coverage

23.1%

Medicaid

12.9%

Medicare

11.1%

Non-Group

2.88%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Jefferson County, IL declined by 10.8% from 8.34% to 7.44%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Jefferson County, IL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.7% prevalence

  2. 12.7% prevalence

  3. 12% prevalence

Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Illinois, at 12.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Illinois by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Jefferson County, IL is home to a population of 38.4k people, from which 99.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.8% of Jefferson County, IL residents were born outside of the country (691 people).

In 2017, there were 10.1 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (32.9k people) in Jefferson County, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 3.26k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 766 Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

41

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

48

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.6

In 2017, the median age of all people in Jefferson County, IL was 40.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 41, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 48. But people in Jefferson County, IL are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Jefferson County, IL residents was 41.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.8%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

691 people

1.71%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

660 people

As of 2017, 1.8% of Jefferson County, IL residents (691 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Jefferson County, IL was 1.71%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Jefferson County, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    669,904 ± 19,564 people

  2. India

    147,732 ± 9,382 people

  3. Poland

    136,910 ± 9,036 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Illinois was Mexico, the natal country of 669,904 Illinois residents, followed by India with 147,732 and Poland with 136,910.

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Citizenship

99.4%

2017 Citizenship

99.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.4% of Jefferson County, IL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Jefferson County, IL was 99.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Jefferson County, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Jefferson County, IL

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    32.9k ± 23

  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)

    3.26k ± 159

  3. Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic)

    766 ± 173

In 2017, there were 10.1 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (32.9k people) in Jefferson County, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 3.26k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 766 Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Jefferson County, IL as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,138 ± 127

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    453 ± 105

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    312 ± 92

Jefferson County, IL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.51 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Jefferson County, IL awarded 1,202 degrees. The student population of Jefferson County, IL is skewed towards women, with 1,076 male students and 1,257 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Jefferson County, IL are White (1,137 and 94.6%), followed by Black or African American (39 and 3.24%), Hispanic or Latino (11 and 0.915%), and Two or More Races (7 and 0.582%).

The largest universities in Jefferson County, IL by number of degrees awarded are Rend Lake College (1,202 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Jefferson County, IL are Liberal Arts & Sciences (186 and 15.5%), Nursing Assistant & Patient Care Assistant (148 and 12.3%), and Biological & Physical Sciences (147 and 12.2%).

The median tuition costs in Jefferson County, IL are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 186 degrees awarded

  2. 147 degrees awarded

  3. 55 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Jefferson County, IL was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 186 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Jefferson County, IL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

1,202 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Jefferson County, IL institution with the largest number of graduating students was Rend Lake College with 1,202 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

604

Degrees Awarded to Men

598

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 604 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Jefferson County, IL, which is 1.01 times more than the 598 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Jefferson County, IL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,137 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    39 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    11 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Jefferson County, IL were to White students. These 1,137 degrees mean that there were 29.2 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 39 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Jefferson County, IL was $92,700 in 2017, which is 0.404 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $88,500 to $92,700, a 4.75% increase. The homeownership rate in Jefferson County, IL is 73.3%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Jefferson County, IL have an average commute time of 19.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Jefferson County, IL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$92,700

2017 Median

± $3,978

$88,500

2016 Median

± $2,861

In 2017, the median property value in Jefferson County, IL grew to to $92,700 from the previous year's value of $88,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Jefferson County, IL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jefferson County, IL the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$46,109

Median Household Income

± $1,918

15.2k

Number of Households

± 577

In 2017, the median household income of the 15.2k households in Jefferson County, IL grew to $46,109 from the previous year's value of $43,467.

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson County, IL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Jefferson County, IL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jefferson County, IL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

73.3%

2017 Homeownership

73%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 73.3% of the housing units in Jefferson County, IL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 73%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Jefferson County, IL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

19.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Jefferson County, IL have a shorter commute time (19.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.15% of the workforce in Jefferson County, IL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Jefferson County, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    82.7%

  2. Carpooled

    8.92%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.28%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Jefferson County, IL was Drove Alone (82.7%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.92%) and those who Worked At Home (3.28%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson County, IL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Jefferson County, IL have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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