Hawaii County, HI

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Population

196,325

1.37% growth

Median Age

42.1


Median Household Income

$56,395

4.56% growth

Poverty Rate

17.4%


Number of Employees

84,962

1.77% growth

Median Property Value

$316,000

3.27% growth

About

In 2017, Hawaii County, HI had a population of 196k people with a median age of 42.1 and a median household income of $56,395. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Hawaii County, HI grew from 193,680 to 196,325, a 1.37% increase and its median household income grew from $53,936 to $56,395, a 4.56% increase.

The population of Hawaii County, HI is 30.3% White Alone, 23.4% Two or More Races, and 21.5% Asian Alone. N/A% of the people in Hawaii County, HI speak a non-English language, and 94.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Hawaii County, HI are University of Hawaii at Hilo (893 degrees awarded in 2016), Hawaii Community College (693 degrees), and Mauna Loa Helicopters (16 degrees).

The median property value in Hawaii County, HI is $316,000, and the homeownership rate is 67%. Most people in Hawaii County, HI commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Hawaii County, HI is 2 cars per household.

Hawaii County, HI borders .

Economy

The economy of Hawaii County, HI employs 85k people. The largest industries in Hawaii County, HI are Accommodation & Food Services (11,371 people), Retail Trade (10,414 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (8,839 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($64,636), Public Administration ($46,724), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($44,363).

Median household income in Hawaii County, HI is $56,395. Males in Hawaii County, HI have an average income that is 1.22 times higher than the average income of females, which is $49,061. The income inequality in Hawaii County, HI (measured using the Gini index) is 0.427, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$56,395

2017 value

± $1,657

4.56%

1 Year Growth

± 4.3%

Households in Hawaii County, HI have a median annual income of $56,395, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $53,936 in 2016, which represents a 4.56% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Hawaii County, HI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Hawaii.

$60,071

Average Male Salary

± $2,306

$49,061

Average Female Salary

± $1,981

In 2017, full-time male employees in Hawaii made 1.22 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Hawaii by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Hawaii.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $58,672 ± $3,390

  2. American Indian

    $48,824 ± $29,202

  3. Asian

    $47,103 ± $2,061

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Hawaii workers was White. These workers were paid 1.2 times more than American Indian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Hawaii by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Hawaii County, HI is from Hawaii.

0.427

2017 Wage GINI

0.426

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Hawaii was 0.427 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.183% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Hawaii was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Hawaii in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Hawaii across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 208.01

  2. Census Tract 216.04

  3. Census Tract 217.04

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Hawaii County, HI was Census Tract 208.01 with a value of $77,424, followed by Census Tract 216.04 and Census Tract 217.04, with respective values of $76,250 and $74,583.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Hawaii County, HI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

17.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Hawaii County, HI (33.7k out of 193k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 55 - 64 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    11,155 ± 859

  2. Two Or More

    10,785 ± 872

  3. Hispanic

    6,607 ± 681

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Hawaii County, HI is White, followed by Two Or More and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

85k

2017 Value

± 2,189

1.77%

1 Year growth

± 3.6%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Hawaii County, HI grew at a rate of 1.77%, from 83.5k employees to 85k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Hawaii County, HI, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (10,692 people), Sales & Related Occupations (10,379 people), and Management Occupations (8,179 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Hawaii County, HI.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Hawaii County, HI, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (10,692 people), Sales & Related Occupations (10,379 people), and Management Occupations (8,179 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Hawaii County, HI has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (3.42 times higher than expected), Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Occupations (1.93 times), and Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (1.61 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Hawaii County, HI, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($79,306), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($71,000), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($70,247).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

85k

2017 Value

± 2,189

1.77%

1 Year growth

± 3.6%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Hawaii County, HI grew at a rate of 1.77%, from 83.5k employees to 85k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Hawaii County, HI, are Accommodation & Food Services (11,371 people), Retail Trade (10,414 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (8,839 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Hawaii County, HI, though some of these residents may live in Hawaii County, HI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Hawaii County, HI, by number of employees, are Accommodation & Food Services (11,371 people), Retail Trade (10,414 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (8,839 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Hawaii County, HI has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (4.13 times higher than expected), Accommodation & Food Services (1.76 times), and Real Estate & Rental & Leasing (1.62 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Hawaii County, HI, by median earnings, are Utilities ($64,636), Public Administration ($46,724), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($44,363).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Hawaii to other states, or from other states to Hawaii.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $5.01B

  2. $4.24B

  3. $2.33B

In 2015, the top outbound Hawaii product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $5.01B, followed by Gasoline ($4.24B) and Mixed freight ($2.33B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Hawaii products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Hawaii state.

$24.9B

2015 Value

$32.8B

Projected 2045 Value

31.8% growth

In 2015, total outbound Hawaii trade was $24.9B. This is expected to increase 31.8% to $32.8B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Hawaii trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Hawaii to other states, or from other states to Hawaii.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $1.29B

  2. $68.4M

  3. $68.1M

In 2015, the top outbound Hawaii domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was California with $1.29B, followed by Texas with $68.4M and Washington and $68.1M.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Hawaii shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94% of the population of Hawaii County, HI has health coverage, with 43.3% on employee plans, 23.2% on Medicaid, 14% on Medicare, 11.6% on non-group plans, and 1.81% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Hawaii County, HI was $7,299 in 2014. This is a 4.95% increase from the previous year ($6,955).

Primary care physicians in Hawaii County, HI see 1364 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.87% increase from the previous year (1339 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1550 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 353 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Kalawao County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (11.2%). Additionally, Maui County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (22.9%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,364 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Hawaii County, HI see an average of 1,364 patients per year. This represents a 1.87% increase from the previous year (1,339 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Hawaii County, HI in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Hawaii.

$7,299

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,222

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,087

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,592

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Hawaii (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.95%, from $6,955 to $7,299.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.02%

Uninsured

43.3%

Employer Coverage

23.2%

Medicaid

14%

Medicare

11.6%

Non-Group

1.81%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Hawaii County, HI declined by 8.92% from 6.61% to 6.02%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Hawaii County, HI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 11.2% prevalence

  2. 9.1% prevalence

  3. 8.5% prevalence

Kalawao County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Hawaii, at 11.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Hawaii by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Hawaii County, HI is home to a population of 196k people, from which 94.3% are citizens. As of 2017, 11.3% of Hawaii County, HI residents were born outside of the country (22.1k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Hawaii County, HI is composed of 59.5k White Alone residents (30.3%), 46k Two or More Races residents (23.4%), 42.1k Asian Alone residents (21.5%), 24.5k Hispanic or Latino residents (12.5%), 22.4k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (11.4%), 1.11k Black or African American Alone residents (0.563%), 400 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.204%), and 187 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0953%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Hawaii County, HI are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

41

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

48

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Hawaii County, HI was 42.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 41, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 48. But people in Hawaii County, HI are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Hawaii County, HI residents was 42.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

11.3%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

22.1k people

11%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

21.3k people

As of 2017, 11.3% of Hawaii County, HI residents (22.1k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Hawaii County, HI was 11%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Hawaii County, HI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Hawaii.

Most Common Origin

  1. Philippines

    116,964 ± 8,044 people

  2. Japan

    22,604 ± 3,662 people

  3. China

    18,529 ± 3,320 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Hawaii was Philippines, the natal country of 116,964 Hawaii residents, followed by Japan with 22,604 and China with 18,529.

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Citizenship

94.3%

2017 Citizenship

94.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 94.3% of Hawaii County, HI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Hawaii County, HI was 94.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Hawaii County, HI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    59.5k ± 130

  2. Two or More Races

    46k ± 1.91k

  3. Asian Alone

    42.1k ± 1.73k

In 2017, there were 1.29 times more White Alone residents (59.5k people) in Hawaii County, HI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 46k Two or More Races and 42.1k Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Hawaii County, HI as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Hawaii County, HI citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Hawaii County, HI was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Hawaii County, HI are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    6,662 ± 457

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,860 ± 373

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,591 ± 322

Hawaii County, HI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.58 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Hawaii County, HI awarded 1,602 degrees. The student population of Hawaii County, HI is skewed towards women, with 2,574 male students and 4,065 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Hawaii County, HI are Two or More Races (492 and 31.7%), followed by Asian (415 and 26.7%), White (303 and 19.5%), and Hispanic or Latino (170 and 10.9%).

The largest universities in Hawaii County, HI by number of degrees awarded are University of Hawaii at Hilo (893 and 55.7%), Hawaii Community College (693 and 43.3%), and Mauna Loa Helicopters (16 and 0.999%).

The most popular majors in Hawaii County, HI are Liberal Arts & Sciences (280 and 17.5%), Pharmacy (169 and 10.5%), and Registered Nursing (91 and 5.68%).

The median tuition costs in Hawaii County, HI are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $7,200 and $20,160 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 63 degrees awarded

  2. 83 degrees awarded

  3. 70 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Hawaii County, HI was Registered Nursing with 63 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Hawaii County, HI according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 893 degrees awarded

  2. 693 degrees awarded

  3. 16 degrees awarded

$7,200

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Hawaii County, HI institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Hawaii at Hilo with 893 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

715

Degrees Awarded to Men

887

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 715 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Hawaii County, HI, which is 0.806 times less than the 887 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Hawaii County, HI by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Two or More Races

    492 degrees awarded

  2. Asian

    415 degrees awarded

  3. White

    303 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Hawaii County, HI were to Two or More Races students. These 492 degrees mean that there were 1.19 times more Two or More Races students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Asian, with 415 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Hawaii County, HI was $316,000 in 2017, which is 1.45 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $306,000 to $316,000, a 3.27% increase. The homeownership rate in Hawaii County, HI is 67%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Hawaii County, HI have an average commute time of 23.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Hawaii County, HI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$56,395

Median Household Income

± $1,657

67.1k

Number of Households

± 1,890

In 2017, the median household income of the 67.1k households in Hawaii County, HI grew to $56,395 from the previous year's value of $53,936.

The following chart displays the households in Hawaii County, HI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$316,000

2017 Median

± $8,267

$306,000

2016 Median

± $7,857

In 2017, the median property value in Hawaii County, HI grew to to $316,000 from the previous year's value of $306,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Hawaii County, HI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hawaii County, HI the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Hawaii County, HI distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hawaii County, HI the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

67%

2017 Homeownership

66.6%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 67% of the housing units in Hawaii County, HI were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 66.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Hawaii County, HI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Hawaii County, HI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Hawaii County, HI have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

23.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Hawaii County, HI have a shorter commute time (23.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 3.53% of the workforce in Hawaii County, HI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Hawaii County, HI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    73.8%

  2. Carpooled

    12.6%

  3. Worked At Home

    8.4%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Hawaii County, HI was Drove Alone (73.8%), followed by those who Carpooled (12.6%) and those who Worked At Home (8.4%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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