Sumter County, GA

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Population

30,687

1.23% decline

Median Age

35.2


Median Household Income

$34,219

2.04% growth

Poverty Rate

33.4%


Number of Employees

11,558

0.491% decline

Median Property Value

$82,600

4.95% decline

About

In 2017, Sumter County, GA had a population of 30.7k people with a median age of 35.2 and a median household income of $34,219. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Sumter County, GA declined from 31,070 to 30,687, a -1.23% decrease and its median household income grew from $33,534 to $34,219, a 2.04% increase.

The population of Sumter County, GA is 52.3% Black or African American Alone, 39.8% White Alone, and 5.3% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Sumter County, GA speak a non-English language, and 97.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Sumter County, GA are South Georgia Technical College (1,442 degrees awarded in 2016) and Georgia Southwestern State University (517 degrees).

The median property value in Sumter County, GA is $82,600, and the homeownership rate is 55.8%. Most people in Sumter County, GA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 19.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Sumter County, GA is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Sumter County, GA employs 11.6k people. The largest industries in Sumter County, GA are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,956 people), Manufacturing (1,774 people), and Educational Services (1,347 people), and the highest paying industries are Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($53,750), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($48,457), and Utilities ($48,021).

Median household income in Sumter County, GA is $34,219. Males in Sumter County, GA have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,261. The income inequality in Sumter County, GA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.478, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$34,219

2017 value

± $2,587

2.04%

1 Year Growth

± 12.2%

Households in Sumter County, GA have a median annual income of $34,219, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $33,534 in 2016, which represents a 2.04% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Sumter County, GA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Georgia.

$62,744

Average Male Salary

± $1,190

$46,261

Average Female Salary

± $830

In 2017, full-time male employees in Georgia made 1.36 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Georgia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Georgia.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $58,486 ± $3,787

  2. White

    $53,819 ± $950

  3. Two or More Races

    $43,415 ± $4,855

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Georgia workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.09 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Georgia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Sumter County, GA is from Georgia.

0.478

2017 Wage GINI

0.477

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Georgia was 0.478 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.233% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Georgia was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Georgia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Georgia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9501

  2. Census Tract 9508

  3. Census Tract 9505

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Sumter County, GA was Census Tract 9501 with a value of $44,125, followed by Census Tract 9508 and Census Tract 9505, with respective values of $43,207 and $37,759.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Sumter County, GA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

33.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Sumter County, GA (9.56k out of 28.6k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 6 - 11 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    6,869 ± 563

  2. White

    1,885 ± 282

  3. Hispanic

    761 ± 182

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Sumter County, GA is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

11.6k

2017 Value

± 824

-0.491%

1 Year decline

± 9.93%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Sumter County, GA declined at a rate of -0.491%, from 11.6k employees to 11.6k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Sumter County, GA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,572 people), Production Occupations (1,376 people), and Management Occupations (946 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Sumter County, GA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Sumter County, GA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,572 people), Production Occupations (1,376 people), and Management Occupations (946 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Sumter County, GA has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (3.62 times higher than expected), Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (2.34 times), and Production Occupations (2.05 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Sumter County, GA, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($75,313), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($74,032), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($62,969).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

11.6k

2017 Value

± 824

-0.491%

1 Year decline

± 9.93%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Sumter County, GA declined at a rate of -0.491%, from 11.6k employees to 11.6k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Sumter County, GA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,956 people), Manufacturing (1,774 people), and Educational Services (1,347 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Sumter County, GA, though some of these residents may live in Sumter County, GA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Sumter County, GA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,956 people), Manufacturing (1,774 people), and Educational Services (1,347 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Sumter County, GA has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (3.29 times higher than expected), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (2.24 times), and Manufacturing (1.52 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Sumter County, GA, by median earnings, are Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($53,750), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($48,457), and Utilities ($48,021).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Georgia to other states, or from other states to Georgia.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $48.1B

  2. $38B

  3. $30.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Georgia product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $48.1B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($38B) and Electronics ($30.6B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Georgia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Georgia state.

$430B

2015 Value

$628B

Projected 2045 Value

46.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Georgia trade was $430B. This is expected to increase 46.1% to $628B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Georgia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Georgia to other states, or from other states to Georgia.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $39.4B

  2. $25.3B

  3. $20.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Georgia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Florida with $39.4B, followed by South Carolina with $25.3B and North Carolina and $20.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Georgia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

85.9% of the population of Sumter County, GA has health coverage, with 33.7% on employee plans, 28.1% on Medicaid, 11.5% on Medicare, 11.3% on non-group plans, and 1.28% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Sumter County, GA was $6,587 in 2014. This is a 5.41% increase from the previous year ($6,249).

Primary care physicians in Sumter County, GA see 1399 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.48% decrease from the previous year (1420 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1899 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 533 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Quitman County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (18.2%). Additionally, Rockdale County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (38.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,399 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Sumter County, GA see an average of 1,399 patients per year. This represents a 1.48% decrease from the previous year (1,420 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Sumter County, GA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Georgia.

$6,587

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,406

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,199

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,429

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Georgia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.41%, from $6,249 to $6,587.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

14.1%

Uninsured

33.7%

Employer Coverage

28.1%

Medicaid

11.5%

Medicare

11.3%

Non-Group

1.28%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Sumter County, GA declined by 5.13% from 14.8% to 14.1%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Sumter County, GA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 18.2% prevalence

  2. 17.3% prevalence

  3. 16.9% prevalence

Quitman County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Georgia, at 18.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Georgia by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Sumter County, GA is home to a population of 30.7k people, from which 97.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.36% of Sumter County, GA residents were born outside of the country (1.03k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Sumter County, GA is composed of 16.1k Black or African American Alone residents (52.3%), 12.2k White Alone residents (39.8%), 1.63k Hispanic or Latino residents (5.3%), 410 Two or More Races residents (1.34%), 344 Asian Alone residents (1.12%), 24 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0782%), 10 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0326%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Sumter County, GA are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

35

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

39

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 10

In 2017, the median age of all people in Sumter County, GA was 35.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 35, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Sumter County, GA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Sumter County, GA residents was 35.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.36%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.03k people

3.13%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

974 people

As of 2017, 3.36% of Sumter County, GA residents (1.03k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Sumter County, GA was 3.13%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Sumter County, GA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Georgia.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    264,376 ± 12,459 people

  2. India

    85,239 ± 7,138 people

  3. Korea

    45,011 ± 5,197 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Georgia was Mexico, the natal country of 264,376 Georgia residents, followed by India with 85,239 and Korea with 45,011.

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Citizenship

97.6%

2017 Citizenship

97.9%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.6% of Sumter County, GA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Sumter County, GA was 97.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Sumter County, GA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Black or African American Alone

    16.1k ± 195

  2. White Alone

    12.2k ± 23

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    1.63k ± 378

In 2017, there were 1.32 times more Black or African American Alone residents (16.1k people) in Sumter County, GA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 12.2k White Alone and 1.63k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Sumter County, GA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Sumter County, GA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Sumter County, GA was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Sumter County, GA are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    461 ± 119

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    363 ± 175

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    262 ± 103

Sumter County, GA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.27 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Sumter County, GA awarded 1,959 degrees. The student population of Sumter County, GA is skewed towards women, with 1,900 male students and 2,883 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Sumter County, GA are White (1,058 and 54.3%), followed by Black or African American (785 and 40.3%), Hispanic or Latino (67 and 3.44%), and Asian (23 and 1.18%).

The largest universities in Sumter County, GA by number of degrees awarded are South Georgia Technical College (1,442 and 73.6%) and Georgia Southwestern State University (517 and 26.4%).

The most popular majors in Sumter County, GA are Food Preparation Assistant (138 and 7.04%), Criminal Justice - Safety Studies (132 and 6.74%), and Welding Technology (112 and 5.72%).

The median tuition costs in Sumter County, GA are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $3,886 and $14,142 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 90 degrees awarded

  2. 138 degrees awarded

  3. 93 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for < 1 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Sumter County, GA was Criminal Justice - Safety Studies with 90 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a < 1 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Sumter County, GA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,442 degrees awarded

  2. 517 degrees awarded

$3,886

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Sumter County, GA institution with the largest number of graduating students was South Georgia Technical College with 1,442 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

972

Degrees Awarded to Men

987

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 972 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Sumter County, GA, which is 0.985 times less than the 987 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Sumter County, GA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,058 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    785 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    67 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Sumter County, GA were to White students. These 1,058 degrees mean that there were 1.35 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 785 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Sumter County, GA was $82,600 in 2017, which is 0.38 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $86,900 to $82,600, a 4.95% decrease. The homeownership rate in Sumter County, GA is 55.8%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Sumter County, GA have an average commute time of 19.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Sumter County, GA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$34,219

Median Household Income

± $2,587

11.9k

Number of Households

± 803

In 2017, the median household income of the 11.9k households in Sumter County, GA grew to $34,219 from the previous year's value of $33,534.

The following chart displays the households in Sumter County, GA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$82,600

2017 Median

± $5,516

$86,900

2016 Median

± $5,697

In 2017, the median property value in Sumter County, GA declined from to $82,600 from the previous year's value of $86,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Sumter County, GA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Sumter County, GA the largest share of households have a property value in the $50k - $60k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Sumter County, GA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Sumter County, GA the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

55.8%

2017 Homeownership

55.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 55.8% of the housing units in Sumter County, GA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 55.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Sumter County, GA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Sumter County, GA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Sumter County, GA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

19.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Sumter County, GA have a shorter commute time (19.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.69% of the workforce in Sumter County, GA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Sumter County, GA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79.8%

  2. Carpooled

    13%

  3. Walked

    3.3%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Sumter County, GA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Walked.

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