Sacramento County, CA

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Population

1.53M

1.07% growth

Median Age

36.3


Median Household Income

$63,045

5.46% growth

Poverty Rate

16.7%


Number of Employees

705,215

2.36% growth

Median Property Value

$353,400

8.14% growth

About

In 2017, Sacramento County, CA had a population of 1.53M people with a median age of 36.3 and a median household income of $63,045. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Sacramento County, CA grew from 1.51M to 1.53M, a 1.07% increase and its median household income grew from $59,780 to $63,045, a 5.46% increase.

The population of Sacramento County, CA is 44.7% White Alone, 23.3% Hispanic or Latino, and 15.2% Asian Alone. 32.9% of the people in Sacramento County, CA speak a non-English language, and 90.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Sacramento County, CA are American River College (6,623 degrees awarded in 2016), California State University-Sacramento (6,519 degrees), and Sacramento City College (2,051 degrees).

The median property value in Sacramento County, CA is $353,400, and the homeownership rate is 56.3%. Most people in Sacramento County, CA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 25.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Sacramento County, CA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: California State Capitol building

Economy

The economy of Sacramento County, CA employs 705k people. The largest industries in Sacramento County, CA are Health Care & Social Assistance (98,994 people), Retail Trade (75,184 people), and Public Administration (74,025 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($96,042), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($82,733), and Utilities ($81,672).

Median household income in Sacramento County, CA is $63,045. Males in Sacramento County, CA have an average income that is 1.26 times higher than the average income of females, which is $59,658. The income inequality in Sacramento County, CA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.497, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$63,045

2017 value

± $1,745

5.46%

1 Year Growth

± 3.57%

Households in Sacramento County, CA have a median annual income of $63,045, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $59,780 in 2016, which represents a 5.46% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Sacramento County, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for California.

$75,050

Average Male Salary

± $702

$59,658

Average Female Salary

± $597

In 2017, full-time male employees in California made 1.26 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in California by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for California.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $69,782 ± $1,103

  2. White

    $63,110 ± $578

  3. Two or More Races

    $51,776 ± $1,728

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of California workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.11 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in California by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Sacramento County, CA is from California.

0.497

2017 Wage GINI

0.503

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in California was 0.497 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.1% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for California was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in California in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in California across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 85.12

  2. Census Tract 85.09

  3. Census Tract 85.13

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Sacramento County, CA was Census Tract 85.12 with a value of $157,292, followed by Census Tract 85.09 and Census Tract 85.13, with respective values of $133,708 and $130,583.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Sacramento County, CA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Sacramento County, CA (246k out of 1.47M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    121,281 ± 2,591

  2. Hispanic

    69,784 ± 1,976

  3. Black

    37,641 ± 1,413

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Sacramento County, CA is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

705k

2017 Value

± 13,976

2.36%

1 Year growth

± 2.77%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Sacramento County, CA grew at a rate of 2.36%, from 689k employees to 705k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Sacramento County, CA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (94,473 people), Sales & Related Occupations (71,719 people), and Management Occupations (69,993 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Sacramento County, CA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Sacramento County, CA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (94,473 people), Sales & Related Occupations (71,719 people), and Management Occupations (69,993 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Sacramento County, CA has an unusually high number of residents working as Personal Care & Service Occupations (1.43 times higher than expected), Computer & Mathematical Occupations (1.39 times), and Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (1.36 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Sacramento County, CA, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($92,398), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($80,681), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($80,265).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

705k

2017 Value

± 13,976

2.36%

1 Year growth

± 2.77%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Sacramento County, CA grew at a rate of 2.36%, from 689k employees to 705k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Sacramento County, CA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (98,994 people), Retail Trade (75,184 people), and Public Administration (74,025 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Sacramento County, CA, though some of these residents may live in Sacramento County, CA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Sacramento County, CA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (98,994 people), Retail Trade (75,184 people), and Public Administration (74,025 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Sacramento County, CA has an unusually high number of Public Administration (2.31 times higher than expected), Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.21 times), and Utilities (1.2 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Sacramento County, CA, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($96,042), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($82,733), and Utilities ($81,672).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $196B

  2. $157B

  3. $127B

In 2015, the top outbound California product (by dollars) was Electronics with $196B, followed by Mixed freight ($157B) and Gasoline ($127B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound California products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for California state.

$1.54T

2015 Value

$2.48T

Projected 2045 Value

61.2% growth

In 2015, total outbound California trade was $1.54T. This is expected to increase 61.2% to $2.48T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound California trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $63.1B

  2. $42.2B

  3. $31.2B

In 2015, the top outbound California domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $63.1B, followed by Arizona with $42.2B and Washington and $31.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that California shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94.3% of the population of Sacramento County, CA has health coverage, with 47.4% on employee plans, 25% on Medicaid, 9.23% on Medicare, 11.7% on non-group plans, and 0.93% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Sacramento County, CA was $7,549 in 2014. This is a 4.04% increase from the previous year ($7,256).

Primary care physicians in Sacramento County, CA see 1227 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.84% decrease from the previous year (1250 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1319 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 295 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Tehama County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (10.6%). Additionally, Tulare County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,227 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Sacramento County, CA see an average of 1,227 patients per year. This represents a 1.84% decrease from the previous year (1,250 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Sacramento County, CA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.

$7,549

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,735

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,368

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,833

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in California (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.04%, from $7,256 to $7,549.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.66%

Uninsured

47.4%

Employer Coverage

25%

Medicaid

9.23%

Medicare

11.7%

Non-Group

0.93%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Sacramento County, CA grew by 15.7% from 4.89% to 5.66%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Sacramento County, CA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 10.6% prevalence

  2. 10.5% prevalence

  3. 10.3% prevalence

Tehama County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in California, at 10.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in California by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Sacramento County, CA is home to a population of 1.53M people, from which 90.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 20.3% of Sacramento County, CA residents were born outside of the country (310k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Sacramento County, CA is composed of 684k White Alone residents (44.7%), 356k Hispanic or Latino residents (23.3%), 233k Asian Alone residents (15.2%), 142k Black or African American Alone residents (9.28%), 88.5k Two or More Races residents (5.78%), 18.1k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (1.18%), 4.61k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.301%), and 4.47k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.292%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Sacramento County, CA are Spanish (197,625 speakers), Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (39,912 speakers), and Russian (29,064 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

33

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

45

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Sacramento County, CA was 36.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 33, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 45. But people in Sacramento County, CA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Sacramento County, CA residents was 36.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

20.3%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

310k people

20%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

304k people

As of 2017, 20.3% of Sacramento County, CA residents (310k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Sacramento County, CA was 20%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Sacramento County, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for California.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    4,079,391 ± 46,960 people

  2. Philippines

    859,594 ± 22,514 people

  3. China

    683,330 ± 20,119 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of California was Mexico, the natal country of 4,079,391 California residents, followed by Philippines with 859,594 and China with 683,330.

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Citizenship

90.5%

2017 Citizenship

91.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 90.5% of Sacramento County, CA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Sacramento County, CA was 91.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Sacramento County, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    684k ± 696

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    356k ± 14.4k

  3. Asian Alone

    233k ± 5.28k

In 2017, there were 1.92 times more White Alone residents (684k people) in Sacramento County, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 356k Hispanic or Latino and 233k Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Sacramento County, CA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    197,625 speakers (13.8%)

  2. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)

    39,912 speakers (2.79%)

  3. Russian

    29,064 speakers (2.03%)

32.9% of Sacramento County, CA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Sacramento County, CA was Spanish. 13.8% of the overall population of Sacramento County, CA are native Spanish speakers. 2.79% speak Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) and 2.03% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    27,999 ± 2,164

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    12,643 ± 1,892

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    12,113 ± 1,806

Sacramento County, CA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.21 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Sacramento County, CA awarded 22,204 degrees. The student population of Sacramento County, CA is skewed towards women, with 51,108 male students and 61,929 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Sacramento County, CA are White (9,329 and 42.5%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (5,028 and 22.9%), Asian (3,251 and 14.8%), and Black or African American (1,488 and 6.78%).

The largest universities in Sacramento County, CA by number of degrees awarded are American River College (6,623 and 29.8%), California State University-Sacramento (6,519 and 29.4%), and Sacramento City College (2,051 and 9.24%).

The most popular majors in Sacramento County, CA are Criminal Justice - Police Science (2,229 and 10%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (1,822 and 8.21%), and General Business Administration & Management (1,600 and 7.21%).

The median tuition costs in Sacramento County, CA are $8,964 for private four year colleges, and $5,472 and $16,632 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 911 degrees awarded

  2. 654 degrees awarded

  3. 602 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Sacramento County, CA was General Social Sciences with 911 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Sacramento County, CA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 6,623 degrees awarded

  2. 6,519 degrees awarded

  3. 2,051 degrees awarded

$5,472

Median In-State Public

$8,964

Median Private

In 2016, the Sacramento County, CA institution with the largest number of graduating students was American River College with 6,623 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

9,513

Degrees Awarded to Men

12,691

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 9,513 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Sacramento County, CA, which is 0.75 times less than the 12,691 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Sacramento County, CA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    9,329 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    5,028 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    3,251 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Sacramento County, CA were to White students. These 9,329 degrees mean that there were 1.86 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 5,028 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Sacramento County, CA was $353,400 in 2017, which is 1.62 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $326,800 to $353,400, a 8.14% increase. The homeownership rate in Sacramento County, CA is 56.3%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Sacramento County, CA have an average commute time of 25.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Sacramento County, CA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$63,045

Median Household Income

± $1,745

543k

Number of Households

± 11,166

In 2017, the median household income of the 543k households in Sacramento County, CA grew to $63,045 from the previous year's value of $59,780.

The following chart displays the households in Sacramento County, CA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$353,400

2017 Median

± $3,797

$326,800

2016 Median

± $3,665

In 2017, the median property value in Sacramento County, CA grew to to $353,400 from the previous year's value of $326,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Sacramento County, CA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Sacramento County, CA the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Sacramento County, CA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Sacramento County, CA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

56.3%

2017 Homeownership

55.2%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 56.3% of the housing units in Sacramento County, CA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 55.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Sacramento County, CA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Sacramento County, CA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Sacramento County, CA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

25.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Sacramento County, CA have a longer commute time (25.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 3.33% of the workforce in Sacramento County, CA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Sacramento County, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    77.4%

  2. Carpooled

    10.3%

  3. Worked At Home

    6.17%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Sacramento County, CA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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