Washington County, AR

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Population

223,683

1.71% growth

Median Age

31.5


Median Household Income

$47,452

4.42% growth

Poverty Rate

18%


Number of Employees

106,905

2.41% growth

Median Property Value

$162,900

3.49% growth

About

In 2017, Washington County, AR had a population of 224k people with a median age of 31.5 and a median household income of $47,452. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Washington County, AR grew from 219,930 to 223,683, a 1.71% increase and its median household income grew from $45,442 to $47,452, a 4.42% increase.

The population of Washington County, AR is 71.9% White Alone, 16.5% Hispanic or Latino, and 3.41% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Washington County, AR speak a non-English language, and 91.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Washington County, AR are University of Arkansas (6,431 degrees awarded in 2016), Blue Cliff College-Fayetteville (192 degrees), and Northwest Technical Institute (160 degrees).

The median property value in Washington County, AR is $162,900, and the homeownership rate is 53.3%. Most people in Washington County, AR commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Washington County, AR is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: The Boston Mountains in Northwest Arkansas, a subset of the Ozarks.

Economy

The economy of Washington County, AR employs 107k people. The largest industries in Washington County, AR are Manufacturing (16,133 people), Educational Services (14,206 people), and Retail Trade (13,259 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($79,181), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($73,431), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($49,352).

Median household income in Washington County, AR is $47,452. Males in Washington County, AR have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $38,953. The income inequality in Washington County, AR (measured using the Gini index) is 0.453, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$47,452

2017 value

± $1,026

4.42%

1 Year Growth

± 2.99%

Households in Washington County, AR have a median annual income of $47,452, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $45,442 in 2016, which represents a 4.42% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Washington County, AR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Arkansas.

$53,721

Average Male Salary

± $1,816

$38,953

Average Female Salary

± $1,246

In 2017, full-time male employees in Arkansas made 1.38 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Arkansas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Arkansas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $55,861 ± $11,571

  2. White

    $43,596 ± $1,206

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $38,912 ± $29,718

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Arkansas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.28 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Arkansas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Washington County, AR is from Arkansas.

0.453

2017 Wage GINI

0.453

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Arkansas was 0.453 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0272% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Arkansas was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Arkansas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Arkansas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 101.02

  2. Census Tract 105.09

  3. Census Tract 101.04

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Washington County, AR was Census Tract 101.02 with a value of $88,304, followed by Census Tract 105.09 and Census Tract 101.04, with respective values of $75,767 and $72,021.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Washington County, AR colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

18% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Washington County, AR (38.9k out of 216k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    24,946 ± 1,311

  2. Hispanic

    10,216 ± 834

  3. Other

    6,704 ± 801

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Washington County, AR is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

107k

2017 Value

± 2,552

2.41%

1 Year growth

± 3.33%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Washington County, AR grew at a rate of 2.41%, from 104k employees to 107k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Washington County, AR, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (12,376 people), Sales & Related Occupations (11,954 people), and Management Occupations (11,322 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Washington County, AR.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Washington County, AR, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (12,376 people), Sales & Related Occupations (11,954 people), and Management Occupations (11,322 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Washington County, AR has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (1.41 times higher than expected), Education, Training, & Library Occupations (1.38 times), and Material Moving Occupations (1.15 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Washington County, AR, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($72,635), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($63,137), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($62,783).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

107k

2017 Value

± 2,552

2.41%

1 Year growth

± 3.33%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Washington County, AR grew at a rate of 2.41%, from 104k employees to 107k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Washington County, AR, are Manufacturing (16,133 people), Educational Services (14,206 people), and Retail Trade (13,259 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Washington County, AR, though some of these residents may live in Washington County, AR and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Washington County, AR, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (16,133 people), Educational Services (14,206 people), and Retail Trade (13,259 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Washington County, AR has an unusually high number of Management of Companies & Enterprises (2.82 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.49 times), and Educational Services (1.43 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Washington County, AR, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($79,181), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($73,431), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($49,352).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Arkansas to other states, or from other states to Arkansas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $24.5B

  2. $17.5B

  3. $8.54B

In 2015, the top outbound Arkansas product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $24.5B, followed by Meat/seafood ($17.5B) and Mixed freight ($8.54B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Arkansas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Arkansas state.

$150B

2015 Value

$228B

Projected 2045 Value

52.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Arkansas trade was $150B. This is expected to increase 52.4% to $228B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Arkansas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Arkansas to other states, or from other states to Arkansas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $12.4B

  2. $11.4B

  3. $7.98B

In 2015, the top outbound Arkansas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Mississippi with $12.4B, followed by Texas with $11.4B and Missouri and $7.98B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Arkansas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

87.4% of the population of Washington County, AR has health coverage, with 50.6% on employee plans, 15.6% on Medicaid, 7.92% on Medicare, 11.6% on non-group plans, and 1.73% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Washington County, AR was $7,408 in 2014. This is a 6.91% increase from the previous year ($6,929).

Primary care physicians in Washington County, AR see 1219 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.14% decrease from the previous year (1233 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1641 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 287 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Jefferson County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.2%). Additionally, St. Francis County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (44.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,219 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Washington County, AR see an average of 1,219 patients per year. This represents a 1.14% decrease from the previous year (1,233 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Washington County, AR in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arkansas.

$7,408

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,906

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,108

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,479

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Arkansas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 6.91%, from $6,929 to $7,408.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

12.6%

Uninsured

50.6%

Employer Coverage

15.6%

Medicaid

7.92%

Medicare

11.6%

Non-Group

1.73%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Washington County, AR declined by 6.59% from 13.5% to 12.6%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Washington County, AR changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 17.2% prevalence

  2. 17.1% prevalence

  3. 16.6% prevalence

Jefferson County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Arkansas, at 17.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Arkansas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Washington County, AR is home to a population of 224k people, from which 91.3% are citizens. As of 2017, 11.2% of Washington County, AR residents were born outside of the country (25.1k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Washington County, AR is composed of 161k White Alone residents (71.9%), 36.8k Hispanic or Latino residents (16.5%), 7.63k Black or African American Alone residents (3.41%), 6.05k Two or More Races residents (2.7%), 5.38k Asian Alone residents (2.41%), 4.48k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (2%), 1.71k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.762%), and 756 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.338%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Washington County, AR are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

30

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

36

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.9

In 2017, the median age of all people in Washington County, AR was 31.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 30, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 36. But people in Washington County, AR are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Washington County, AR residents was 31.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

11.2%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

25.1k people

11.2%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

24.7k people

As of 2017, 11.2% of Washington County, AR residents (25.1k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Washington County, AR was 11.2%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Washington County, AR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Arkansas.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    62,950 ± 6,094 people

  2. El Salvador

    12,524 ± 2,742 people

  3. India

    8,219 ± 2,223 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Arkansas was Mexico, the natal country of 62,950 Arkansas residents, followed by El Salvador with 12,524 and India with 8,219.

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Citizenship

91.3%

2017 Citizenship

91.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 91.3% of Washington County, AR residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Washington County, AR was 91.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Washington County, AR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    161k ± 276

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    36.8k ± 2.49k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    7.63k ± 388

In 2017, there were 4.37 times more White Alone residents (161k people) in Washington County, AR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 36.8k Hispanic or Latino and 7.63k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Washington County, AR as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Washington County, AR citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Washington County, AR was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Washington County, AR are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    3,404 ± 347

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    2,140 ± 393

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,696 ± 282

Washington County, AR has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.59 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Washington County, AR awarded 6,986 degrees. The student population of Washington County, AR is skewed towards women, with 13,246 male students and 14,788 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Washington County, AR are White (5,379 and 81.5%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (454 and 6.87%), Black or African American (284 and 4.3%), and Two or More Races (196 and 2.97%).

The largest universities in Washington County, AR by number of degrees awarded are University of Arkansas (6,431 and 92.1%), Blue Cliff College-Fayetteville (192 and 2.75%), and Northwest Technical Institute (160 and 2.29%).

The most popular majors in Washington County, AR are Registered Nursing (275 and 3.94%), General Marketing & Marketing Management (262 and 3.75%), and General Finance (240 and 3.44%).

The median tuition costs in Washington County, AR are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $7,204 and $21,552 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 262 degrees awarded

  2. 240 degrees awarded

  3. 272 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Washington County, AR was General Marketing & Marketing Management with 262 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Washington County, AR according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 6,431 degrees awarded

  2. 192 degrees awarded

  3. 160 degrees awarded

$7,204

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Washington County, AR institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Arkansas with 6,431 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

3,234

Degrees Awarded to Men

3,752

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 3,234 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Washington County, AR, which is 0.862 times less than the 3,752 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Washington County, AR by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    5,379 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    454 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    284 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Washington County, AR were to White students. These 5,379 degrees mean that there were 11.8 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 454 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Washington County, AR was $162,900 in 2017, which is 0.749 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $157,400 to $162,900, a 3.49% increase. The homeownership rate in Washington County, AR is 53.3%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Washington County, AR have an average commute time of 20.8 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Washington County, AR is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$47,452

Median Household Income

± $1,026

84.5k

Number of Households

± 2,122

In 2017, the median household income of the 84.5k households in Washington County, AR grew to $47,452 from the previous year's value of $45,442.

The following chart displays the households in Washington County, AR distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $60k - $75k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$162,900

2017 Median

± $2,760

$157,400

2016 Median

± $2,750

In 2017, the median property value in Washington County, AR grew to to $162,900 from the previous year's value of $157,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Washington County, AR compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Washington County, AR the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Washington County, AR distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Washington County, AR the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

53.3%

2017 Homeownership

53.5%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 53.3% of the housing units in Washington County, AR were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 53.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Washington County, AR compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Washington County, AR distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Washington County, AR have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

20.8 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Washington County, AR have a shorter commute time (20.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.3% of the workforce in Washington County, AR have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Washington County, AR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    80%

  2. Carpooled

    12.4%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.52%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Washington County, AR was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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