Jefferson County, AR

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Population

71,373

1.4% decline

Median Age

39


Median Household Income

$37,630

3.44% growth

Poverty Rate

24.7%


Number of Employees

26,874

1.23% decline

Median Property Value

$81,800

0.122% decline

About

In 2017, Jefferson County, AR had a population of 71.4k people with a median age of 39 and a median household income of $37,630. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Jefferson County, AR declined from 72,385 to 71,373, a -1.4% decrease and its median household income grew from $36,377 to $37,630, a 3.44% increase.

The population of Jefferson County, AR is 56.3% Black or African American Alone, 39.6% White Alone, and 1.98% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Jefferson County, AR speak a non-English language, and 98.9% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Jefferson County, AR are Southeast Arkansas College (514 degrees awarded in 2016), University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff (457 degrees), and Jefferson Regional Medical Center School of Nursing (53 degrees).

The median property value in Jefferson County, AR is $81,800, and the homeownership rate is 63.5%. Most people in Jefferson County, AR commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Jefferson County, AR is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Jefferson County, AR employs 26.9k people. The largest industries in Jefferson County, AR are Manufacturing (4,707 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (4,032 people), and Educational Services (3,067 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($95,000), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($54,756), and Transportation & Warehousing ($53,647).

Median household income in Jefferson County, AR is $37,630. Males in Jefferson County, AR have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $38,953. The income inequality in Jefferson County, AR (measured using the Gini index) is 0.453, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$37,630

2017 value

± $1,469

3.44%

1 Year Growth

± 6.4%

Households in Jefferson County, AR have a median annual income of $37,630, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $36,377 in 2016, which represents a 3.44% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Jefferson County, AR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Arkansas.

$53,721

Average Male Salary

± $1,816

$38,953

Average Female Salary

± $1,246

In 2017, full-time male employees in Arkansas made 1.38 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Arkansas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Arkansas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $55,861 ± $11,571

  2. White

    $43,596 ± $1,206

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $38,912 ± $29,718

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Arkansas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.28 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Arkansas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Jefferson County, AR is from Arkansas.

0.453

2017 Wage GINI

0.453

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Arkansas was 0.453 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0272% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Arkansas was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Arkansas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Arkansas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 20

  2. Census Tract 3.02

  3. Census Tract 21.04

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Jefferson County, AR was Census Tract 20 with a value of $66,523, followed by Census Tract 3.02 and Census Tract 21.04, with respective values of $62,205 and $56,134.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Jefferson County, AR colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

24.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Jefferson County, AR (16.1k out of 65.3k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    11,729 ± 674

  2. White

    4,111 ± 446

  3. Hispanic

    251 ± 132

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Jefferson County, AR is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

26.9k

2017 Value

± 1,159

-1.23%

1 Year decline

± 5.95%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Jefferson County, AR declined at a rate of -1.23%, from 27.2k employees to 26.9k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Jefferson County, AR, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,844 people), Production Occupations (2,985 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (2,215 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, AR.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, AR, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,844 people), Production Occupations (2,985 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (2,215 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jefferson County, AR has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (3.1 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (1.92 times), and Material Moving Occupations (1.79 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, AR, by median earnings, are Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($64,125), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($57,229), and Management Occupations ($50,885).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

26.9k

2017 Value

± 1,159

-1.23%

1 Year decline

± 5.95%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Jefferson County, AR declined at a rate of -1.23%, from 27.2k employees to 26.9k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Jefferson County, AR, are Manufacturing (4,707 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (4,032 people), and Educational Services (3,067 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Jefferson County, AR, though some of these residents may live in Jefferson County, AR and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Jefferson County, AR, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (4,707 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (4,032 people), and Educational Services (3,067 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jefferson County, AR has an unusually high number of Public Administration (2 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.73 times), and Transportation & Warehousing (1.34 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Jefferson County, AR, by median earnings, are Utilities ($95,000), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($54,756), and Transportation & Warehousing ($53,647).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Arkansas to other states, or from other states to Arkansas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $24.5B

  2. $17.5B

  3. $8.54B

In 2015, the top outbound Arkansas product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $24.5B, followed by Meat/seafood ($17.5B) and Mixed freight ($8.54B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Arkansas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Arkansas state.

$150B

2015 Value

$228B

Projected 2045 Value

52.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Arkansas trade was $150B. This is expected to increase 52.4% to $228B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Arkansas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Arkansas to other states, or from other states to Arkansas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $12.4B

  2. $11.4B

  3. $7.98B

In 2015, the top outbound Arkansas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Mississippi with $12.4B, followed by Texas with $11.4B and Missouri and $7.98B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Arkansas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91% of the population of Jefferson County, AR has health coverage, with 37.5% on employee plans, 26.3% on Medicaid, 12% on Medicare, 13.6% on non-group plans, and 1.73% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Jefferson County, AR was $7,408 in 2014. This is a 6.91% increase from the previous year ($6,929).

Primary care physicians in Jefferson County, AR see 1491 patients per year on average, which represents a 13.5% increase from the previous year (1314 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2693 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 526 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Jefferson County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.2%). Additionally, St. Francis County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (44.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,491 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Jefferson County, AR see an average of 1,491 patients per year. This represents a 13.5% increase from the previous year (1,314 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Jefferson County, AR in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arkansas.

$7,408

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,906

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,108

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,479

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Arkansas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 6.91%, from $6,929 to $7,408.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.97%

Uninsured

37.5%

Employer Coverage

26.3%

Medicaid

12%

Medicare

13.6%

Non-Group

1.73%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Jefferson County, AR declined by 14.6% from 10.5% to 8.97%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Jefferson County, AR changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 17.2% prevalence

  2. 17.1% prevalence

  3. 16.6% prevalence

Jefferson County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Arkansas, at 17.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Arkansas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Jefferson County, AR is home to a population of 71.4k people, from which 98.9% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.64% of Jefferson County, AR residents were born outside of the country (1.17k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Jefferson County, AR is composed of 40.2k Black or African American Alone residents (56.3%), 28.3k White Alone residents (39.6%), 1.41k Hispanic or Latino residents (1.98%), 741 Two or More Races residents (1.04%), 539 Asian Alone residents (0.755%), 169 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.237%), 75 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.105%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Jefferson County, AR are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

39

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

39

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Jefferson County, AR was 39. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Jefferson County, AR are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Jefferson County, AR residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.64%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.17k people

1.71%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.24k people

As of 2017, 1.64% of Jefferson County, AR residents (1.17k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Jefferson County, AR was 1.71%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Jefferson County, AR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Arkansas.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    62,950 ± 6,094 people

  2. El Salvador

    12,524 ± 2,742 people

  3. India

    8,219 ± 2,223 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Arkansas was Mexico, the natal country of 62,950 Arkansas residents, followed by El Salvador with 12,524 and India with 8,219.

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Citizenship

98.9%

2017 Citizenship

99%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.9% of Jefferson County, AR residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Jefferson County, AR was 99%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Jefferson County, AR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Black or African American Alone

    40.2k ± 161

  2. White Alone

    28.3k ± 32

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    1.41k ± 314

In 2017, there were 1.42 times more Black or African American Alone residents (40.2k people) in Jefferson County, AR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 28.3k White Alone and 1.41k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Jefferson County, AR as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Jefferson County, AR citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Jefferson County, AR was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Jefferson County, AR are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,752 ± 253

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    723 ± 208

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    599 ± 172

Jefferson County, AR has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.42 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Jefferson County, AR awarded 1,046 degrees. The student population of Jefferson County, AR is skewed towards women, with 1,619 male students and 2,688 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Jefferson County, AR are Black or African American (718 and 70%), followed by White (282 and 27.5%), Hispanic or Latino (15 and 1.46%), and Asian (5 and 0.487%).

The largest universities in Jefferson County, AR by number of degrees awarded are Southeast Arkansas College (514 and 49.1%), University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff (457 and 43.7%), and Jefferson Regional Medical Center School of Nursing (53 and 5.07%).

The most popular majors in Jefferson County, AR are General Studies (76 and 7.27%), Nursing Assistant & Patient Care Assistant (75 and 7.17%), and Criminal Justice - Safety Studies (75 and 7.17%).

The median tuition costs in Jefferson County, AR are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $4,710 and $10,740 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Jefferson County, AR was General Business Administration & Management with 36 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Jefferson County, AR according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 514 degrees awarded

  2. 457 degrees awarded

  3. 53 degrees awarded

$4,710

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Jefferson County, AR institution with the largest number of graduating students was Southeast Arkansas College with 514 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

324

Degrees Awarded to Men

722

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 324 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Jefferson County, AR, which is 0.449 times less than the 722 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Jefferson County, AR by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Black or African American

    718 degrees awarded

  2. White

    282 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    15 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Jefferson County, AR were to Black or African American students. These 718 degrees mean that there were 2.55 times more Black or African American students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 282 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Jefferson County, AR was $81,800 in 2017, which is 0.376 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $81,900 to $81,800, a 0.122% decrease. The homeownership rate in Jefferson County, AR is 63.5%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Jefferson County, AR have an average commute time of 20.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Jefferson County, AR is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$37,630

Median Household Income

± $1,469

27.4k

Number of Households

± 1,050

In 2017, the median household income of the 27.4k households in Jefferson County, AR grew to $37,630 from the previous year's value of $36,377.

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson County, AR distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$81,800

2017 Median

± $3,017

$81,900

2016 Median

± $3,312

In 2017, the median property value in Jefferson County, AR declined from to $81,800 from the previous year's value of $81,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Jefferson County, AR compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jefferson County, AR the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Jefferson County, AR distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jefferson County, AR the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

63.5%

2017 Homeownership

62.5%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 63.5% of the housing units in Jefferson County, AR were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 62.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Jefferson County, AR compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson County, AR distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Jefferson County, AR have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

20.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Jefferson County, AR have a shorter commute time (20.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.3% of the workforce in Jefferson County, AR have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Jefferson County, AR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    86.9%

  2. Carpooled

    6.59%

  3. Other

    2.33%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Jefferson County, AR was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Other.

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