Sumter County, AL

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Population

13,084

1.51% decline

Median Age

35.9


Median Household Income

$21,663

6.05% growth

Poverty Rate

36%


Number of Employees

4,353

0.508% growth

Median Property Value

$69,500

5.31% decline

About

In 2017, Sumter County, AL had a population of 13.1k people with a median age of 35.9 and a median household income of $21,663. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Sumter County, AL declined from 13,285 to 13,084, a -1.51% decrease and its median household income grew from $20,428 to $21,663, a 6.05% increase.

The population of Sumter County, AL is 70.7% Black or African American Alone, 24.6% White Alone, and 3% Asian Alone. N/A% of the people in Sumter County, AL speak a non-English language, and 97.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Sumter County, AL are University of West Alabama (979 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Sumter County, AL is $69,500, and the homeownership rate is 64.5%. Most people in Sumter County, AL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 25.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Sumter County, AL is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Birmingham, AL

Economy

The economy of Sumter County, AL employs 4.35k people. The largest industries in Sumter County, AL are Educational Services (808 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (686 people), and Manufacturing (579 people), and the highest paying industries are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting ($52,188), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($44,722), and Information ($43,158).

Median household income in Sumter County, AL is $21,663. Males in Sumter County, AL have an average income that is 1.44 times higher than the average income of females, which is $40,615. The income inequality in Sumter County, AL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.46, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$21,663

2017 value

± $1,677

6.05%

1 Year Growth

± 12.3%

Households in Sumter County, AL have a median annual income of $21,663, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $20,428 in 2016, which represents a 6.05% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Sumter County, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

$58,549

Average Male Salary

± $1,465

$40,615

Average Female Salary

± $997

In 2017, full-time male employees in Alabama made 1.44 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $58,018 ± $10,489

  2. White

    $47,885 ± $1,063

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $45,909 ± $38,465

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Alabama workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.21 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Sumter County, AL is from Alabama.

0.46

2017 Wage GINI

0.458

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.343% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 114

  2. Census Tract 116

  3. Census Tract 115

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Sumter County, AL was Census Tract 114 with a value of $31,563, followed by Census Tract 116 and Census Tract 115, with respective values of $27,305 and $22,978.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Sumter County, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

36% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Sumter County, AL (4.4k out of 12.2k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    3,751 ± 379

  2. White

    625 ± 195

  3. Two Or More

    22 ± 93

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Sumter County, AL is Black, followed by White and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

4.35k

2017 Value

± 476

0.508%

1 Year growth

± 15.1%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Sumter County, AL grew at a rate of 0.508%, from 4.33k employees to 4.35k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Sumter County, AL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (565 people), Production Occupations (502 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (446 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Sumter County, AL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Sumter County, AL, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (565 people), Production Occupations (502 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (446 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Sumter County, AL has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (2.52 times higher than expected), Material Moving Occupations (2.06 times), and Production Occupations (1.99 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Sumter County, AL, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($117,895), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($82,847), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($82,569).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

4.35k

2017 Value

± 476

0.508%

1 Year growth

± 15.1%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Sumter County, AL grew at a rate of 0.508%, from 4.33k employees to 4.35k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Sumter County, AL, are Educational Services (808 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (686 people), and Manufacturing (579 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Sumter County, AL, though some of these residents may live in Sumter County, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Sumter County, AL, by number of employees, are Educational Services (808 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (686 people), and Manufacturing (579 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Sumter County, AL has an unusually high number of Utilities (3.15 times higher than expected), Educational Services (2 times), and Manufacturing (1.31 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Sumter County, AL, by median earnings, are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting ($52,188), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($44,722), and Information ($43,158).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $40.7B

  2. $28B

  3. $21.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $40.7B, followed by Mixed freight ($28B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($21.5B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama state.

$243B

2015 Value

$367B

Projected 2045 Value

50.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Alabama trade was $243B. This is expected to increase 50.7% to $367B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.3B

  2. $16.7B

  3. $14.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $25.3B, followed by Florida with $16.7B and Tennessee and $14.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

83.1% of the population of Sumter County, AL has health coverage, with 30.9% on employee plans, 27.6% on Medicaid, 10.4% on Medicare, 12.3% on non-group plans, and 1.88% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Sumter County, AL was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Sumter County, AL see 1872 patients per year on average, which represents a 14.7% decrease from the previous year (2194 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 6520 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 13040 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21.1%). Additionally, Macon County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (47.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,872 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Sumter County, AL see an average of 1,872 patients per year. This represents a 14.7% decrease from the previous year (2,194 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Sumter County, AL in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

$7,281

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,641

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,042

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,267

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Alabama (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.07%, from $6,996 to $7,281.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

16.9%

Uninsured

30.9%

Employer Coverage

27.6%

Medicaid

10.4%

Medicare

12.3%

Non-Group

1.88%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Sumter County, AL declined by 6.97% from 18.2% to 16.9%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Sumter County, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 21.1% prevalence

  2. 20.9% prevalence

  3. 20.4% prevalence

Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Alabama, at 21.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Alabama by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Sumter County, AL is home to a population of 13.1k people, from which 97.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.21% of Sumter County, AL residents were born outside of the country (289 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Sumter County, AL is composed of 9.26k Black or African American Alone residents (70.7%), 3.22k White Alone residents (24.6%), 392 Asian Alone residents (3%), 68 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.52%), 62 Two or More Races residents (0.474%), 55 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.42%), 34 Hispanic or Latino residents (0.26%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Sumter County, AL are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

37

Median Native-Born Age

± 1.9

23

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 5.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Sumter County, AL was 35.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 37, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 23. But people in Sumter County, AL are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Sumter County, AL residents was 37.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.21%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

289 people

2.02%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

269 people

As of 2017, 2.21% of Sumter County, AL residents (289 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Sumter County, AL was 2.02%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Sumter County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    51,837 ± 5,560 people

  2. Guatemala

    11,080 ± 2,581 people

  3. India

    9,229 ± 2,356 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Alabama was Mexico, the natal country of 51,837 Alabama residents, followed by Guatemala with 11,080 and India with 9,229.

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Citizenship

97.8%

2017 Citizenship

98.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.8% of Sumter County, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Sumter County, AL was 98.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Sumter County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Black or African American Alone

    9.26k ± 281

  2. White Alone

    3.22k ± 18

  3. Asian Alone

    392 ± 254

In 2017, there were 2.88 times more Black or African American Alone residents (9.26k people) in Sumter County, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 3.22k White Alone and 392 Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Sumter County, AL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Sumter County, AL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Sumter County, AL was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Sumter County, AL are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    136 ± 62

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    122 ± 79

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    118 ± 70

Sumter County, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.11 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Sumter County, AL awarded 979 degrees. The student population of Sumter County, AL is skewed towards women, with 1,270 male students and 2,716 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Sumter County, AL are White (531 and 57.2%), followed by Black or African American (335 and 36.1%), Unknown (22 and 2.37%), and Two or More Races (16 and 1.72%).

The largest universities in Sumter County, AL by number of degrees awarded are University of West Alabama (979 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Sumter County, AL are School Counseling & Guidance Services (141 and 14.4%), Adult & Continuing Education (117 and 12%), and Elementary Education & Teaching (104 and 10.6%).

The median tuition costs in Sumter County, AL are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $7,286 and $14,572 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 117 degrees awarded

  2. 101 degrees awarded

  3. 84 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Masters Degree recipients in Sumter County, AL was Adult & Continuing Education with 117 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Masters Degree from schools in Sumter County, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

979 degrees awarded

$7,286

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Sumter County, AL institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of West Alabama with 979 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

235

Degrees Awarded to Men

744

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 235 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Sumter County, AL, which is 0.316 times less than the 744 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Sumter County, AL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    531 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    335 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    22 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Sumter County, AL were to White students. These 531 degrees mean that there were 1.59 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 335 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Sumter County, AL was $69,500 in 2017, which is 0.319 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $73,400 to $69,500, a 5.31% decrease. The homeownership rate in Sumter County, AL is 64.5%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Sumter County, AL have an average commute time of 25.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Sumter County, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$21,663

Median Household Income

± $1,677

5.07k

Number of Households

± 464

In 2017, the median household income of the 5.07k households in Sumter County, AL grew to $21,663 from the previous year's value of $20,428.

The following chart displays the households in Sumter County, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$69,500

2017 Median

± $9,003

$73,400

2016 Median

± $6,099

In 2017, the median property value in Sumter County, AL declined from to $69,500 from the previous year's value of $73,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Sumter County, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Sumter County, AL the largest share of households have a property value in the $80k - $90k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Sumter County, AL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Sumter County, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

64.5%

2017 Homeownership

66.1%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 64.5% of the housing units in Sumter County, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 66.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Sumter County, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Sumter County, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Sumter County, AL have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

25.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Sumter County, AL have a longer commute time (25.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 4.08% of the workforce in Sumter County, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Sumter County, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    87.4%

  2. Carpooled

    7.31%

  3. Walked

    3.11%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Sumter County, AL was Drove Alone (87.4%), followed by those who Carpooled (7.31%) and those who Walked (3.11%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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